Because the range of historical themes and contexts addressed in this book is very broad, a full-scale bibliography would be impracticable. Readers are referred to footnotes where source materials, both printed and archival, are cited in detail. The following highly selective list relates only to works that specifically address the history of civil society or its conceptual meaning, and have been found useful, suggestive, or contentious by the authors of this collection of studies.
Bermeo, N. and Nord, P., Civil Society before Democracy; Lessons from Nineteenthcentury Europe (Lanham, Md: Rowman and Littlefield, 2000).
Black, A., Guilds and Civil Society in European Political Thought from the Twelfth Century to the Present (London: Methuen, 1984).
Cohen, J. L. and Arato, A., Civil Society and Political Theory (Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press, 1992).
Dahrendorf, R., Society and Democracy in Germany (Munich, 1965, English trans. by the author, London: Weidenfeld and Nicolson, 1968).
—— After 1989: Morals, Revolution and Civil Society (Basingstoke: Macmillan, 1997).
Ehrenberg, J., Civil Society: The Critical History of an Idea (New York: New York University Press, 1999).
Figgis, J. N., Studies of Political Thought from Gerson to Grotius (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1907).
—— Churches in the Modern State (London: Longmans, Green, 1914 edn.).
Garrard, J., Democratisation in Britain. Elites, Civil Society, and Reform in Britain Since 1800 (Basingstoke: Palgrave, 2002).
Gellner, E., Conditions of Liberty: Civil Society and its Rivals (London: Hamish Hamilton, 1994).
—— ‘Civil Society in Historical Context’, International Social Science journal, 43: 3 (1991).
Gierke, O., Political Theories of the Middle Age, trans. F. W. Maitland (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1900).
Glasius, M., Kaldor, M., and Anheier, H. (eds.), Global Civil Society (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2002).
Green, D. G., Civil Society. The Guiding, Philosophy and Research Agenda of the Institute for the Study of Civil Society (London: Institute for the Study of Civil Society, 2000).
Habermas, J., The Structural Transformation of the Public Sphere (Berlin, 1962), trans. T. Burger and F. Lawrence (Cambridge: Polity, 1989).
Hall, J. A. (ed.), Civil Society. Theory, History, Comparison (Cambridge: Polity, 1995).
Janoski, T., Citizenship and Civil Society: A Framework of Rights and Obligations in Liberal, Traditional, and Social Democratic Regimes (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1998).
Kaviraj, S. and Khilnani, S., Civil Society: History and Possibilities (Cambridge; Cambridge University Press, 2001).
Keane, J. (ed.), Civil Society and the State: New European Perspectives (London: Verso, 1998).
Kumar, K., ‘Civil Society: An Inquiry into the Usefulness of an Historical Term’, British Journal of Sociology, 44: 3 (1993).
MacCarthy, K., Women, Philanthropy and Civil Society (Bloomington, Ind., 2001).
Morris, S., Defining the Non-profit Sector: Some Lessons from History. Working paper, 3 (London: Centre for Civil Society, London School of Economics, 2000).
Trentmann, F. (ed.), Paradoxes of Civil Society: New Perspectives on Modern German and British History (Oxford: Bergahn, 2000).
Urban History, 23: 3 (1998), special issue ‘Civil Society in Britain’.
Walzer, M. (ed.), Towards a Global Civil Society (Oxford: Bergahn, 1995).