(p.305) APPENDIX 3
(p.305) APPENDIX 3
History of Napoleon';s Egyptian Campaign, 1798–1801
(p.305) APPENDIX 3
History of Napoleon';s Egyptian Campaign, 1798–1801Appendix 3 History of Napoleon's Egyptian Campaign
14 Feb. Talleyrand recommends to the Directory that France occupy Egypt to curb British trading and colonial interests and expansion in the Far East.
9 May. The General in Chief Napoleon arrives in Toulon.
19 May. Embarcation of the fleet at Toulon.
28 June. Official announcement on board ship of the expedition to Egypt.
2 July. Troops disembark at Alexandria.
4 July. 167 ‘savants’ and artists on the mission disembark at Alexandria, but vital scientific instruments are lost when the Patriote sinks.
7 July. Monge and Berthollet leave Alexandria for Cairo with Napoleon's army.
8 July. 20 members of the Commission des Sciences et des Arts leave for Rosetta.
13 July. First combat against the Mamelukes near Chebreis.
21 July. Mamelukes defeated at the Battle of the Pyramids.
24 July. Bonaparte enters Cairo.
25–7 July. Institution of the Conseil de Notables (the Divan) in Cairo and in each province.
1–2 Aug. French fleet destroyed by the English at Aboukir.
22 Aug. Creation of the Institut d';Égypte in Cairo.
23 Aug. First meeting of the Institut d’Égypte.
25 Aug. Start of the campaign of Upper Egypt let by General Desaix.
29 Aug. First issue of the Courrier de l'Égypte published.
9 Sept. Turkey declares war on France.
22 Sept. Celebrations in Cairo of the Fête de la République.
24 Sept. Bonaparte and a group of savants visit the Pyramids at Giza.
1 Oct. First issue of La Décade égyptienne published.
7 Oct. Mamelukes are defeated by Desaix at Sediman; first meeting of the Divan in Cairo.
21–4 Oct. Muslim insurrection in Cairo.
24 Oct. British attack on the fort at Aboukir aborted. Nov. Vivant Denon leaves for Upper Egypt.
10 Dec. Bonaparte is President of the Institut d'Égypte.
25 Dec.–3 Jan. Bonaparte and party of savants explore the Isthmus of Suez.
5 Jan. Anglo‐Turkish treaty of military alliance signed.
14 Jan. (Disastrous) launch of a Montgolfier hot air balloon in Cairo.
22–7 Jan. Exploration of the Nantron Lakes.
2 Feb. Vivant Denon arrives at Aswan with Desaix's troops.
10 Feb. Start of Napoleon's Syria campaign.
20 Feb. Capture of the fort at El‐Arich.
24 Feb. Capture of Gaza.
7 Mar. Capture of Jaffa.
10 Mar. Dolomieu (a geologist) leaves Egypt for France.
19 Mar. Commission des Sciences leaves under Girard for Upper Egypt to undertake hydro‐geological investigations.
20 Mar. Siege of Saint‐Jean‐d'Acre begins.
16 Apr. French victory at Mount Thabor.
27 Apr. Death of General Caffarelli.
20 May. Lifting of siege of Saint‐Jean‐d'Acre.
29 May. Jollois and Viliers du Terrage arrive in Dendera.
14 June. Bonaparte returns to Cairo.
19 July. Discovery of the Rosetta Stone by a French general.
25 July. Turkish disembarkation rebuffed at Aboukir.
16 Aug. Two ‘Commissions Scientifiques’ led by Fourier and Costaz leave Cairo for Upper Egypt.
23 Aug. Bonaparte leaves Egypt leaving Kleber in command.
23 Oct. In Paris Bonaparte reports to the Institut de France on the scientific work of the Egyptian expedition.
10 Nov. Kleber becomes President of the Institut d'Égypte in Cairo.
19 Nov. Kleber creates the Commission des Renseignements sur l'État Moderne de l'Égypte.
22 Nov. Kleber invites the savants and artists to join forces on a collab‐ orative publication of their work (the Description d'Égypte).
13 Dec. Bonaparte becomes First Consul.
15–18 Dec. Mission Scientifique visits Giza, Saqqara, and Memphis.
20 Mar. Turks defeated at the Battle of Heliopolis.
20–1 Mar. Second insurrection in Cairo.
25 Apr. French retake Cairo.
27 Apr. Group of savants on the Oiseau remain in Alexandria.
14 June. Assassination of Kleber by a Syrian. Menou is commander of the French army.
8 Mar. 18,000 British soldiers disembark at Aboukir.
21 Mar. Menou's troops are routed by the British at the Battle of Canopus, leaving thousands dead on the beaches.
22 Mar. Last meeting of the Institut d'Égypte in Cairo.
1 Apr. British forces break the dyke at Aboukir.
6 Apr. Most of the savants leave Cairo for Alexandria.
9 June. Last edition of the Courrier de l'Égypte.
27 June. Capitulation of General Belliard in Cairo.
14 July. French evacuate Cairo.
Aug.‐Sept. Repatriation of the French savants on British vessels.