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The Culture of ControlCrime and Social Order in Contemporary Society$

David Garland

Print publication date: 2002

Print ISBN-13: 9780199258024

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199258024.001.0001

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(p.207) Appendix

(p.207) Appendix

The Culture of Control
Oxford University Press

The four figures that follow are intended to provide a simple, ‘at-a-glance’ summary of crime and imprisonment trends over time in the USA and in England and Wales. The US and the UK data are not, however, strictly comparable. The US ‘index offenses’ include murder, robbery, rape, aggravated assault, burglary, motor vehicle theft, larceny, and arson. The English category of ‘notifiable offences’ is much more comprehensive, including all of those offence categories and other, less serious ones, such as simple assault and criminal damage. Similarly, the US prison population data includes only Federal and State prison inmates and thus excludes the inmates of local jails serving sentences of one year or less. The prison population data for England and Wales includes all imprisoned offenders. (p.208)


FIG. 1: Index offenses known to police per 100,000 population United States, 1950–1998


FIG. 2: Notifiable offenses recorded by the police per 100,000 population England and Wales, 1950–1997


FIG. 3: Prison population per 100,000 residents United States, 1925–1998


FIG. 4: Prison population per 100,000 residents England and Wales, 1926–1998