The chapter examines the changing patterns in the overseas trade of London between 1200 and 1500. The overseas merchants included the Gascons who brought wine, the Spaniards and Portuguese who brought leather; the Hanse merchants from the Baltic who imported fish, timber, furs, wax and iron; and the Italians who brought spices and luxury goods from the Mediterranean. The impact of Royal ambitions abroad on the patterns of London's trade is explored, and the rise and fall of the export of wool and the contingent rise of English cloth exports is charted and demonstrated with graphs. By the end of the period, it is argued that London had secured a virtual monopoly of England's overseas trade.
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