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London in the Later Middle AgesGovernment and People 1200-1500$

Caroline M. Barron

Print publication date: 2004

Print ISBN-13: 9780199257775

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2010

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199257775.001.0001

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(p.308) Appendix 1: The Mayors and Sheriffs of London 1190–1558

(p.308) Appendix 1: The Mayors and Sheriffs of London 1190–1558

Source:
London in the Later Middle Ages
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

The base list used for the mayor and sheriffs for each year is that provided in C. L. Kingsford’s 2-volume edition (1908) of John Stow’s A Survey of London (here cited as Stow, Survey), ii. 150–83. Kingsford has corrected Stow, and provides useful name and spelling alternatives in footnotes; the non-obvious alternatives have also been provided here in footnotes. Kingsford’s names have been checked against, and corrected according to, A. B. Beaven’s The Aldermen of The City of London, 2 vols. (London, 1908–13); all corrections other than spelling changes have been footnoted. For sheriffs, A. Hughes’s List of Sheriffs for England and Wales (PRO, London, 1898, rev. edn. with corrections and additions, New York, 1963), in a Corporation of London Records Office copy with handwritten annotations made apparently at the PRO,1 has also been consulted, and, for mayors, a c.1970s CLRO typescript handlist. Table 2 of S. Reynolds’s ‘Rulers of London’ article in History, 57 (1972) has been used as well, for the specific time period 1190–1216, and also C. N. L. Brooke with G. Keir’s London 800–1216: The Shaping of a City (London, 1975). Any information taken from Hughes, the CLRO handlist, Reynolds, or Brooke with Keir has been footnoted. All first names have been normalized (as generally also in both Stow, Survey, and Beaven); surnames have been spelled as in Beaven, both for Beaven’s listed aldermen and for non-aldermen also referred to in Beaven’s volumes; for aldermen, where there is a choice of Beaven surname spellings, that (including any alternative) found in the chronological listing of aldermen is used, including any in the text immediately preceding the start of the chronological listing in volume 1, and for non-aldermen, the index form is used. For names not in Beaven, the Stow, Survey, main surname spellings are followed (with ‘Fitz’ reproduced as ‘fitz-’, as in Beaven) except where footnoted otherwise; and S. (for ‘Saint’) is reproduced as St, ‘filius’ as ‘fitz-’. For names not in either Beaven or Stow, Survey, the surname spellings followed are from the indexes of the relevant volumes of R. R. Sharpe’s eleven-volume Calendar of Letter-Books A–L (London, 1899–1912).

The companies (or, in early years, trades/occupations) to which the various mayors and sheriffs belonged have been provided in all cases possible: from Stow, Survey (unmarked if from the edition’s list of mayors and sheriffs, footnoted if from elsewhere in the volumes or in cases of disagreement), from Beaven (unmarked if from the chronological listings of aldermen, footnoted if from elsewhere in the volumes or in cases of disagreement), and from other primary sources (for example, City Letter Books, Journals, and Repertories, and livery company MSS), as footnoted, where neither Stow, Survey, nor Beaven provides them, or in cases of disagreement. Where neither Stow, Survey, nor Beaven provides the information, and a Letter Book, Journal, and Repertory agree on a mayor’s or sheriff’s company, and also where a Journal and/or Repertory is absent or silent, only the Letter Book is cited; if only a Journal or a Repertory provides a company, that source is cited (the Repertory only if Journal information is lacking); disagreements among Letter Books, Journals, and (p.309) Repertories are noted.2 Stow, Survey, rarely provides sheriffs’ companies, but supplies most mayors’ companies from 1308. Most mayors served first as sheriff; but a sheriff’s company is taken from Beaven or footnoted from elsewhere even where Stow, Survey, provides the company once that sheriff has become mayor. A number of early chronicles and a few selected secondary works have also been used, and cited as sources of company designations, where no designations have been found in Stow, Survey, Beaven, or primary manuscript sources, or where primary-source designations disagree or seem to require reinforcement. To avoid a proliferation of largely misleading footnotes, however, where one or more chronicles, only, disagree with Stow, Survey, with Beaven, or with primary manuscript sources, such disagreements have not normally been noted (the chronicles being in large part the less reliable sources). A conservative approach to company designations has included not identifying a sheriff by company where the same name occurs in the records with a company designation but without the person so named being also clearly identified as the individual who served as sheriff (although company possibilities are provided in a few such cases: for example, where more than one source is involved). Names are much repeated in this period, and the same (or nearly the same) name cannot be assumed always to belong to the same individual, nor can members of the same family be assumed always to have belonged to the same trade or company. Even with this conservative approach, the list will not be fully accurate in the company designations supplied, in part because—given all of human error, the possibility at some periods for individuals to belong to more than one company, and the occasional later incorrect claiming by a company of a earlier mayor or sheriff—even the specific primary sources consulted (as well as the identifications made by Beaven, Stow, Survey, etc.) will not always be correct, and in part because an individual’s trade and his company, where not the same, may cause a misidentification. Also part of the problem, as noted by George Unwin, is that trade specialization among elite Londoners largely began only in the fourteenth century.3

Dates of the death of a mayor or sheriff in office, and of the election etc. of a replacement mayor or sheriff, are taken from Beaven where he provides them, and otherwise from the Letter Books, Journals, Repertories, or other primary or secondary sources, in that order of priority; only the first source in that order is cited, unless primary sources disagree. Where more than one source is provided, without disagreement having been noted, this is because the combination of sources is required for the full information here given. For the period before 1275, various kinds of information are also supplied (and footnoted) from Riley’s edition (1863) of fitz-Thedmar’s Chronicles of the Mayors and Sheriffs of London.

The City Letter Books, Journals, and Repertories, from 1347 (for the Letter Books), often specify, for a given year, which sheriff was chosen by the mayor, the other being elected by the commonalty. An asterisk after a sheriff’s name indicates that one or more of these specific civic records series identify him as the mayor’s choice; where such an identification has been found only outside these civic records series it is footnoted. A bold arabic numeral of 2, 3, or 4 with an m or s, at the right of a mayor’s or sheriff’s listing, indicates that the individual concerned is serving as mayor or as sheriff for a non-consecutive second, third, or fourth time between 1190 and 1558 (possible pre-1190 service is not noted4). Where this information has not come from Stow, Survey, or from Beaven, the source is footnoted. An (p.310) apparent non-consecutive recurrence of a name is not treated as another term for the mayor or sheriff concerned unless Stow, Survey, and/or Beaven (neither being footnoted), or another footnoted source, has indicated that this is indeed the same individual. Names are not included of individuals elected sheriff or mayor but for one reason or another never sworn into office; this includes sheriffs who served for only a few days before being rejected by the king and replaced.

Grocers were originally called Pepperers; the company appears to have emerged as Grocers in 1372;5 and the Merchant Taylors were until 6 January 1503 the Tailors and Linen Armourers. For both companies the original name is used until the year of the change, and then the new name, regardless of whether the sources consulted use the old or the new designation. The Fishmongers and the Stockfishmongers were originally different companies which, after one union which did not succeed, were finally united on a permanent basis in 1536.6 The two different names are here reproduced until 1536, from which year only the Fishmonger designation is used, regardless of the readings of the sources.

The years under which the mayors and sheriffs are listed are basically (with some fluctuations in some early years) the years of the normal term of office, throughout most of this period, of a mayor and of a sheriff: 28/29 Oct.–28/29 Oct. for a mayor, 28 Sept.–28 Sept. for a sheriff.7 Election and initial oath-taking for both mayors and sheriffs was at Guildhall; subsequently mayors also swore an oath, and sheriffs were presented, at Westminster or at the Tower of London. Dates are provided, where available, for elections of mayors and sheriffs who replaced others who died or were removed from office.

In the listings themselves, (W) identifies an appointed warden (or custos: Stow, Survey uses C). A bold Arabic numeral of 2 or 3 with a w, at the right of a warden’s listing, indicates that the individual named is serving for a second or third non-consecutive time as warden. All footnoted information, such as company membership, for a mayor serving consecutive years in office is supplied only at his first year; it is resupplied, however, at the start of a subsequent non-consecutive term. (For sheriffs, footnoted information is repeated even in consecutive years, as consecutive years in sheriffs’ listings do not stand out as clearly as in mayors’ listings.) For abbreviations used in the footnotes, see the list of abbreviations. I am grateful, for generous provision of access to manuscripts and permission to cite them, to the Corporation of London Records Office, to the Guildhall Library (Corporation of London), and to the livery companies whose manuscripts are cited below: in alphabetical order, the Worshipful Companies of Clothworkers, Drapers, Goldsmiths, Grocers, Ironmongers, Mercers, Merchant Taylors, Pewterers, and Skinners.

(p.311)

Year

Mayor (W = Warden)

Sheriffs

1190–1

Henry fitz-Ailwyn8

William de Haverell (or Haverill)

John Bokointe (or Bucuint)

1191–2

Henry fitz-Ailwyn

Nicholas Duket

Peter Nevelun

1192–3

Henry fitz-Ailwyn

Roger le Duc

Roger fitz-Alan

1193–4

Henry fitz-Ailwyn

William fitz-Isabel (or fitz-Sabel)

William fitz-Alulf

1194–5

Henry fitz-Ailwyn

Robert Besaunt

Jukel (or Jokel)

1195–6

Henry fitz-Ailwyn

Godard de Antioche

Robert fitz-Durand

1196–7

Henry fitz-Ailwyn

Nicholas Duket 2s

Robert Blund (or fitz-Bartholomew)9

1197–8

Henry fitz-Ailwyn

Constantine fitz-Alulf10

Robert de Bel11

1198–9

Henry fitz-Ailwyn

Ernulf fitz-Alulf12

Richard Blunt13

1199–1200

Henry fitz-Ailwyn

Roger de Deserto

James ‘Alderman’ (or fitz-Bartholomew)

1200–1

Henry fitz-Ailwyn

Simon de Aldermanbury

William fitz-Alice14

1201–2

Henry fitz-Ailwyn

Norman Blund

John de Cayo (or Cay)

1202–3

Henry fitz-Ailwyn

Walter Brun

William Chamberleyn

1203–4

Henry fitz-Ailwyn

Thomas de Haverell15

Hamond Brond

1204–5

Henry fitz-Ailwyn

John Waleran

Richard Winchester

1205–6

Henry fitz-Ailwyn

John fitz-Elinandi16

Edmund fitz-Gerard17

1206–7

Henry fitz-Ailwyn

Henry of St Alban’s

Serlo le Mercer

Mercer18

1207–8

Henry fitz-Ailwyn

William Hardel

Vintner? Draper?19

Robert Winchester

1208–9

Henry fitz-Ailwyn

Peter Duke20

Thomas Nele21

1209–10

Henry fitz-Ailwyn

Peter Nevelun22

William Blund23

1210–11

Henry fitz-Ailwyn

Adam de Witebi

Stephen le Gras

1211–12

Henry fitz-Ailwyn

 died 19 Sept. 121224

Roger fitz-Alan

 replaced fitz-Ailwyn25

Joce fitz-Peter

John Garland

1212–13

Roger fitz-Alan

Ralph Helyland

Constantine “juvenis” (or fitz-Alulf26)

1213–14

Roger fitz-Alan

Martin fitz-Alice27

Peter Bate

1214–15

Serlo le Mercer28

Mercer30

Salomon de Basing29

Hugh Basing

1215–16

William Hardel

Vintner? Draper?31

John Travers

Andrew Nevelun32

1216–1733

James Alderman

until 21 May 1217

Salomon de Basing

replaced James Alderman

Benedict Senturer34

Goldsmith35

William Blund36

1217–18

Serlo le Mercer37 2m

Mercer

Thomas Bukerel

Ralph Eiland38 2s

1218–19

Serlo le Mercer

Mercer

John Viel

Joce le Spicer39

1219–20

Serlo le Mercer

Mercer

John Viel40

Richard de Wimbledon

1220–1

Serlo le Mercer

Mercer

Richard Renger

Joce Juvenis (or Junior)41

1221–2

Serlo le Mercer

Mercer

Richard Renger

Thomas Lambart

1222–3

Richard Renger

William Joynier

Thomas Lambart

1223–4

Richard Renger

John Travers 2s

Andrew Bukerel42

1224–5

Richard Renger

John Travers

Andrew Bukerel43

1225–6

Richard Renger

Roger le Duc44

Martin fitz-William

1226–7

Richard Renger

Roger le Duc45

Martin fitz-William

1227–8

Roger le Duc46

Stephen Bukerel

Henry Cocham

1228–9

Roger le Duc

Stephen Bukerel

Henry Cocham

1229–30

Roger le Duc

Walter de Winton47

Robert fitz-John

1230–1

Roger le Duc

Richard fitz-Walter

John de Woborne

1231–2

Andrew Bukerel48

Michael de St. Helena

Walter le Bufle

1232–3

Andrew Bukerel

Henry de Edmonton49

Gerard Bat

Vintner?50

1233–4

Andrew Bukerel

Simon fitz-Mary

Roger le Blund

1234–5

Andrew Bukerel

Ralph Eswy (or Aswy)

Mercer

John Norman

Draper?51

1235–6

Andrew Bukerel

Gerard Bat 2s

Vintner?52

Robert Hardel

1236–7

Andrew Bukerel

Henry Cocham 2s53

Jordan of Coventry

1237–8

Andrew Bukerel

 died 123754

Richard Renger 2m

 replaced Bukerel55

John Tulesan (or Tolosan)

Draper

Gervase Chamberlain (or Barn)

Cordwainer

1238–9

Richard Renger

 died 123956

William Joynier

 replaced Renger57

John de Coudres

John de Wylhale

1239–40

Gerard Bat

Vintner?58

 from 13 Jan. 124059

Reginald de Bungheye

Ralph Eswy (or Aswy) 2s

Mercer

1240–160

Reginald de Bungheye

John Gisors

Pepperer? Vintner?61

Michael Tovi

Goldsmith62

1241–2

Ralph Eswy (or Aswy)

Mercer

Thomas de Dunelm (or Durham)

John Viel63

1242–3

Ralph Eswy (or Aswy)

Mercer

Robert fitz-John 2s

Ralph Ashwye

Goldsmith64

1243–4

Ralph Eswy (or Aswy)

Mercer

Hugh Blunt

Goldsmith65

Adam de Basing66

Draper67

1244–5

Michael Tovi

Goldsmith68

Ralph de Arcubus

Spicer

Nicholas Bat

1245–669

John Gisors

Pepperer? Vinter?70

From 11 or 12 Jan. 1246

Nicholas Bat

until 14 Dec. 1245

John Gisors 2s

Pepperer? Vintner?71

replaced Bat

until 11 or 12 Jan. 1246

Robert de Cornhill

 replaced Gisors72

Adam of Bentley

Goldsmith73

1246–7

Peter fitz-Alan

Simon fitz-Mary 2s

Laurence de Frowyk

1247–874

Michael Tovi 2m

Goldsmith75

William Viel

Draper?76

Nicholas Bat 2s

1248–9

Michael Tovi

Goldsmith

Nicholas fitz-Joce

Geoffrey de Winton (or Winchester)

1249–5077

Roger fitz-Roger

Ralph Hardel

Draper? Vintner?78

John Tulesan (or Tolosan) 2s

Draper

1250–1

John Norman

Draper?79

Humphrey le Feure

William fitz-Richard

Draper80

1251–2

Adam de Basing

Draper81

Laurence de Frowyk 2s

Nicholas Bat 3s

1252–3

John Tulesan (or Tolosan)

Draper

William de Durham (or Dunelm)

Thomas de Wymburne

Goldsmith

1253–4

Nicholas Bat

John de Norhampton

Tailor? Skinner?82

Richard Pickard

1254–583

Ralph Hardel

Draper? Vintner?84

William Eswy (or Aswy)

Mercer

until Feb. 1255

Robert de Linton

Draper85

until Feb. 1255

Henry de Walemunt

from c. 15 Feb. 1255

Stephen de Oystergate (or Doo)

Fishmonger86

from c. 15 Feb. 1255

1255–687

Ralph Hardel

Draper? Vintner?

Matthew Bukerel

John le Minur

1256–7

Ralph Hardel

Draper? Vintner?

Richard de Ewell

William Ashwie

Draper88

1257–889

Ralph Hardel

Draper? Vintner?

until 1 Feb. 1258

William fitz-Richard

Draper90

replaced Hardel 13 Feb. 1258

Robert de Cateloigne

died Oct. or Dec. 1257

Matthew Bukerel 2s

replaced Cateloigne

until 1 Feb. 1258

Thomas fitz-Thomas

Draper91

until 1 Feb. 1258

Michael Tovi92

Goldsmith93

from 1 to 13 Feb. 1258

John Adrien (or Adrian)

Draper94

from 1 to 13 Feb. 1258

Thomas fitz-Thomas

Draper95

from 13 Feb. 1258

William Grapefige

Pepperer96

from 13 Feb. 1258

1258–9

John Gisors 2m

Pepperer? Vintner?97

John Adrien (or Adrian) 2s

Draper98

Robert de Cornhill 2s

1259–60

William fitz-Richard 2m

Draper99

Adam Bruning

Fishmonger100

Henry de Coventre

Vintner

1260–1

William fitz-Richard

Draper

John de Norhampton 2s

Tailor? Skinner?101

Richard Picard102

1261–2

Thomas fitz-Thomas

Draper103

Philip le Taillour

Mercer104

Richard de Walebrook (or Walebrock)

Pepperer105

1262–3

Thomas fitz-Thomas

Draper

Robert de Mountpiler

Spicer106

Osbert de Suffolke

1263–4

Thomas fitz-Thomas107

Draper

Gregory de Rokesle

Goldsmith?108

Thomas de Ford

1264–5

Thomas fitz-Thomas

Draper

Edward le Blund

Draper

Peter Aungier

1265–6109

Hughfitz-Otho(W)110

replaced by Linde/Walrauen

John Adrien (or Adrian) 3s

Draper111

until 28 Nov. 1265?

Walter Hervi112

until 28 Nov. 1265?

John de la Linde (S and/or W)

 replaced Adrien/Hervi113

John Walrauen (S and/or W)

Clerk114

 replaced Adrien/Hervi115

William fitz-Richard (S and/or W)116

3m/w117

Draper118

from 6 May to 11 Nov. 1266

1266–7119

Alan de la Souche (W)

 from 23 June 1267120

John Adrien (or Adrian) 4s

Draper121

from 11 Nov.

Lucas de Batencourt

from 11 Nov.

1267–8122

Alan de la Souche (W)

until 2 or 7 Apr. 1268

Thomas de Eppegrave (W)

from 2 or 7 Apr. 1268

until 26 July 1268

Stephen de Edeworth (W)

from 26 July 1268

John Adrien (or Adrian)

Draper123

until 2 or 7 Apr. 1268

Lucas de Batencourt

until 2 or 7 Apr. 1268

Walter Hervi 2s

from 2 or 7 Apr. 1268

William de Durham (or Dunelm) 2s

from 2 or 7 Apr. 1268

1268–9124

Stephen de Edeworth (W)

until c.6 Feb. 1269125

Hugh fitz-Otho (W) 2w

from c.6 Feb. 1269126

Walter Hervi

until 3–6 May 1269

William de Durham (or Dunelm)

until 3–6 May 1269

Robert de Cornhill 3s

from 3–6 May 1269

Thomas de Basinge

Woolman127

from 3–6 May 1269

1269–70128

Hugh fitz-Otho (W)129

until 6 or 16–18 July 1270

John Adrien (or Adrian)

Draper131

from 6 or 16–18 July 1270

Thomas de Basinge

Woolman130

until 6 or 18 July 1270

Robert de Cornhill

until 6 or 18 July 1270

Philip le Taillour 2s

Mercer132

from 6 or 18 July 1270

Walter le Poter

from 6 or 18 July 1270

1270–1

John Adrien (or Adrian)

Draper

Gregory de Rokesle 2s133

Goldsmith?134

Henry le Waleys

1271–2

Walter Hervi

Richard Paris

Cordwainer135

John de Bodele

1272–3

Walter Hervi136

Henry Frowike (W)

Pepperer137

from 11 to c.18 Nov. 1272138

John Horn

Walter le Poter 2s

1273–4

Henry le Waleys

Peter Cosyn

 until 27–30 Nov. 1273139

Robert de Meldeburne

 until 30 Nov. 1273140

Nicholas fitz-Geoffrey de Winchester (or Winton)

 replaced Cosyn/Meldeburne141

Henry de Coventre 2s

Vintner

 replaced Cosyn/Meldeburne142

1274–5

Gregory de Rokesle

Goldsmith?144

Lucas Batencorte 2s?143

Henry de Frowyk

Pepperer

1275–6

Gregory de Rokesle

Goldsmith?

John Horn 2s

Ralph le Blund

Goldsmith

1276–7

Gregory de Rokesle

Goldsmith?

Robert de Arras (or Araz)

Ralph le Fevre (or Faber)145

Goldsmith

1277–8

Gregory de Rokesle

Goldsmith?

John Adrien (or Adrian)

Draper146

Walter l’Engleys (or Cornwaleys)

Vintner

1278–9

Gregory de Rokesle

Goldsmith?

Robert de Basinge

William le Mazeliner

Pepperer

1279–80

Gregory de Rokesle

Goldsmith?

Thomas Box147

Corder

Ralph de la More

1280–1

Gregory de Rokesle

Goldsmith?

William de Farndone

Goldsmith

Nicholas fitz-Geoffrey de

Winchester (or Winton) 2s

1281–2

Henry le Waleys 2m

William le Mazeliner 2s

Pepperer

Richard de Chigwell

Fishmonger

1282–3

Henry le Waleys

Anketin de Betevile

Draper

Walter le Blund

1283–4

Henry le Waleys

Jordan Goodcheape148

Martin Box

Woolman

1284–5

Gregory de Rokesle 2m

Goldsmith?150

 until 29 June 1285151

Ralph de Sandwich (W)153

 replaced Rokesle154

Stephen Cornhill149

Robert de Rokesle

Corder?152

1285–6

Ralph de Sandwich (W)155

Walter le Blunt156

Stockfishmonger157

John Wade

Blader158

1286–7

Ralph de Sandwich (W)159

Walter Hauteyn

Mercer

Thomas Cros160

Fishmonger

1287–8

Ralph de Sandwich (W)

William de Hereford

Goldsmith? Pepperer?161

Thomas de Estanes (or Stanes)

1288–9162

Ralph de Sandwich (W)/Ralph

Barnauars (W)?/John

le Breton (W) 2w?164

William de Betoyne

Pepperer, Mercer, or Goldsmith163

John de Canterbury

Blader or Pepperer165

1289–90166

John le Breton (W)?/Ralph de

 Sandwich (W)?168 ?w

Solomon le Coteler167

Cutler169

Fulk St. Edmond

Bureller170

1290–1171

Ralph de Sandwich (W)?/

John le Breton (W)? ?w

Thomas Romeyn

Pepperer

William de Leyre

Pepperer

1291–2

Ralph de Sandwich (W)172 ?w

Ralph le Blund 2s

Goldsmith

Hamo Box

Corder/Roper173

1292–3

Ralph de Sandwich (W)

 until 12 June 1293175

John le Breton (W)? w176

 replaced Sandwich177

Henry le Bole174

Elias Russell

Draper

1293–4

John le Breton (W)178

Robert Rokesley the younger179

Martin Amersbury

Goldsmith180

1294–5

John le Breton (W)

Henry Box181

Richard de Gloucester

Draper182

1295–6

John le Breton (W)

John de Dunstaple

Skinner

Adam de Hallingberi

Skinner

1296–7

John le Breton (W)

Thomas of Suffolke

Skinner183

Adam le Blund de Foleham (or Fulham)

Fishmonger

1297–8

John le Breton (W)

 until Apr. 1298184

Henry le Waleys 3m

replaced le Breton

William de Storteford

Pepperer185

John de Storteford186

1298–9

Henry le Waleys

Richer le Refham

Mercer

Thomas Sely

Skinner

1299–1300

Elias Russell

Draper

John de Armentiers

Draper

Henry de Fyngrie

Fishmonger187

1300–1

Elias Russell

Draper

Lucas de Hauering

Corder188

Richard Champs

1301–2

John le Blund

Draper

Robert le Callere

Mercer

Peter de Bosenho

Skinner189

1302–3

John le Blund

Draper

Hugh Pourte

Stockfishmonger

Simon de Paris

Mercer

1303–4

John le Blund

Draper

William de Combemartyn

John de Bureford

Pepperer

1304–5

John le Blund

Draper

Roger de Paris

Mercer

John de Lincoln

Draper190

1305–6

John le Blund

Draper

William Cosyn

Roper? Woolman?191

Reginald Thunderley192

1306–7

John le Blund

Draper

Geoffrey de Conduit193

Simon Bolet

1307–8

John le Blund

Draper

Nicholas Pycot

Mercer

Nigel Drury

1308–9

Nicholas de Farndone

Goldsmith

William de Basinge194

Woolstapler195

James le Boteler

Draper196

1309–10

Thomas Romeyn

Pepperer

Roger le Palmer197

Skinner198

James of St. Edmond

Bureller199

1310–11

Richer le Refham

Mercer

Simon Corp

Pepperer

Peter de Blakeneye

Draper? Woolmonger?200

 died 1 Aug. 1311201

John Cambridge

Mercer

 replaced Blakeneye202

1311–12

John de Gisors

Pepperer

Simon Merwod

Bureller203

Richard de Welleford

Draper and Hosier204

1312–13

John de Gisors

Pepperer

John Lambyn

Fishmonger

Richard de Welleford

Draper and Hosier205

 died 23 Dec. 1312206

Adam Lutkin207

 replaced Welleford208

1313–14

Nicholas de Farndone 2m

Goldsmith

Robert Burdeyn

Goldsmith209

Hugh de Gartone

Mercer

1314–15

John de Gisors 2m

Pepperer

Stephen de Abyndon

Draper

Hamo de Chigwell

Fishmonger210

1315–16

Stephen de Abyndon

Draper

Hamo de Godchep

Mercer

William Bodelay

Vintner211

1316–17

John de Wengrave212

William de Caustone

Mercer

Ralph Belancer

Pepperer213

1317–18

John de Wengrave

John Priour214

Woolmonger

William Furneis

Pepperer215

1318–19

John de Wengrave

John Poyntel

Leatherseller (or Cordwainer)

John Dalling

Mercer216

1319–20

Hamo de Chigwell

Fishmonger217

Simon de Abyndon

Draper

John de Prestone

Corder218

1320–1

Nicholas de Farndone 3m

Goldsmith

 until Jan. 1321219

Robert de Kendale (W)

replaced Farndone until

May 1321221

Hamo de Chigwell 2m

Fishmonger222

 replaced Kendale223

Reginald de Conduit

Vintner

William Produn

Fishmonger220

1321–2

Hamo de Chigwell

Fishmonger

Richard Costantyn

Draper

Richard de Hakeneie

Woolmonger224

1322–3

Hamo de Chigwell

Fishmonger

 until 4 Apr. 1323225

Nicholas de Farndone 4m

Goldsmith

 replaced Chigwell227

John de Grantham

Pepperer

Richard Elie

Fishmonger226

1323–4

Nicholas de Farndone

Goldsmith

 until 7 Dec. 1323228

Hamo de Chigwell 3m

Fishmonger229

 replaced Farndone230

Adam de Salisbury

Pepperer

John de Oxenford

Vintner

1324–5

Hamo de Chigwell

Fishmonger

Benedict de Folesham

Pepperer

Alan Gille231

until 29 Oct.

John de Caustone

Mercer

replaced Gille

1325–6

Hamo de Chigwell

Fishmonger

Gilbert Mordon

Fishmonger? Stockfishmonger?232

John Cotun

Skinner

1326–7

Hamo de Chigwell

Fishmonger

 until Nov. 1326233

Richard de Betoyne

Pepperer235

 replaced Chigwell236

Richard de Rothyng

Vintner

Roger Chaunteclere234

1327–8

Hamo de Chigwell 4m

Fishmonger237

Henry Darci

Draper

John Hauteyn

Mercer

1328–9

John de Grantham

Pepperer

Simon Fraunceys*238

Mercer

Henry de Combemartyn

Woolmonger

1329–30

Simon de Swanlond

Draper

Richard le Lacer

Mercer

Henry de Gisors

Vintner

1330–1

John de Pulteney

Draper

Robert de Ely

Fishmonger

Thomas Harewolde (or Harrewode)

Pepperer?239

1331–2

John de Pulteney

Draper

John de Mockyng

Fishmonger

Andrew Aubrey

Pepperer

1332–3

John de Prestone

Corder240

Nicholas Pike

Skinner241

John Husbond

Cornmonger242

1333–4

John de Pulteney 2m

Draper

John Hamond

Pepperer

William Haunsard

Fishmonger?243

1334–5

Reginald de Conduit

Vintner

John de Hyngston

Goldsmith

Walter Turke

Fishmonger

1335–6

Reginald de Conduit

Vintner

Walter de Mordone

Stockfishmonger

Ralph de Uptone

Draper

1336–7

John de Pulteney 3m

Draper

John de Northall244

Skinner

William (Curteys) de Bricklesworth

Woolmonger

1337–8

Henry Darci

Draper

Walter Neel

Blader245

Nicholas Crane

Butcher246

1338–9

Henry Darci

Draper

William de Pountfreyt

Skinner

Hugh Marberer247

1339–40

Andrew Aubrey

Pepperer

William de Thorneye

Pepperer

Roger de Forsham

Mercer

1340–1

Andrew Aubrey

Pepperer

Adam Lucas*248

Stockfishmonger249

Bartholomew Deumars

Corder

1341–2

John de Oxenford

Vintner

 died 18 June 1342250

Simon Fraunceys

Mercer

 replaced Oxenford252

Richard de Berkynge

Draper

John de Rokele

Corder (?Pepperer)251

1342–3

Simon Fraunceys

Mercer

John Lovekyn

Stockfishmonger253

Richard de Kislingbury

Draper

1343–4

John Hamond

Pepperer

John Syward

Stockfishmonger

John de Aylesham

Mercer

1344–5

John Hamond

Pepperer

Geoffrey de Wychingham

Mercer

Thomas Leggy

Skinner

1345–6

Richard le Lacer254

Mercer

Edmond Hemenhall255

John de Gloucester

Fishmonger

1346–7

Geoffrey de Wychingham

Mercer

John de Croydon

Fishmonger

William Claptus

1347–8

Thomas Leggy

Skinner

Adam Brabazon*

Fishmonger

Richard de Basyngstoke

Goldsmith

1348–9

John Lovekyn

Stockfishmonger256

Henry Picard

Vintner

Simon Dolseley

Pepperer

1349–50

Walter Turke

Fishmonger

Adam de Bury

Skinner

Ralph de Lenne

Stockfishmonger

1350–1

Richard de Kislingbury

Draper

John Nott

Pepperer

William Worcester257

1351–2

Andrew Aubrey 2m

Pepperer

John Wroth

Fishmonger

Gilbert Stayndrop*

Goldsmith258

1352–3

Adam Fraunceys

Mercer

John Pecche

Fishmonger

John de Stodeye

Vintner

1353–4

Adam Fraunceys

Mercer

William de Welde

Draper

John Little

Fishmonger

1354–5

Thomas Leggy 2m

Skinner

William de Todenham

Mercer

Richard Smelt

Fishmonger

1355–6

Simon Fraunceys 2m

Mercer

Walter Forster

Skinner

Thomas Brandon

1356–7

Henry Picard

Vintner

Richard de Notyngham*

Mercer

Thomas Dolseley

Pepperer

1357–8

John de Stodeye

Vintner

Stephen Cavendisshe (or Caundisshe)

Draper

Bartholomew de Frestlyng

Pepperer259

1358–9

John Lovekyn 2m

Stockfishmonger260

John de Bernes

Mercer

John Buris

Draper261

1359–60

Simon Dolseley

Pepperer

Simon de Benyngton262

Draper263

John de Chichester

Goldsmith

1360–1

John Wroth

Fishmonger

John Denis

Ironmonger264

Walter de Berneye

Mercer

1361–2

John Pecche

Fishmonger

William Holbech

Draper

James de Thame

Goldsmith

1362–3

Stephen Cavendisshe (or Caundisshe)

Draper

John de St Albans

James Andreu

Draper

1363–4

John Nott

Pepperer

Richard de Croydon

Fishmonger

John Hiltoft

Goldsmith265

1364–5

Adam de Bury

Skinner

John de Mytford

Draper

Simon de Mordone

Stockfishmonger

1365–6

Adam de Bury

Skinner

 until 28 Jan. 1366266

John Lovekyn 3m

Stockfishmonger267

 replaced Bury268

John de Briklesworth*

Thomas Irlond

Skinner

1366–7

John Lovekyn

Stockfishmonger

John Warde

Pepperer

Thomas of Lee

1367–8

James Andreu

Draper

John Tornegold

Fishmonger269

William Dikeman

Ironmonger270

1368–9

Simon de Mordone

Stockfishmonger

Robert Girdelere

Adam Wimondham*271

1369–70

John de Chichester

Goldsmith

John Pyel

Mercer

Hugh Holbech*

1370–1

John de Bernes

Mercer

William Walworth

Fishmonger

Robert Geyton

1371–2

John de Bernes

Mercer

Adam Stable

Mercer

Robert Hatfield*

Pepperer

1372–3

John Pyel

Mercer

John Philipot

Grocer? Fishmonger?272

Nicholas Brembre

Grocer

1373–4

Adam de Bury 2m

Skinner

John Aubrey*

Grocer273

John Fyfhide

Mercer

1374–5

William Walworth

Fishmonger274

Richard Lyons*

Vintner275

William Wodehous

Skinner

1375–6

John Warde

Grocer

John Hadle*

Grocer

William Neuport

Fishmonger

1376–7

Adam Stable

Mercer

 until 21 March 1377277

Nicholas Brembre

Grocer

 replaced Stable278

John (Comberton) de Northampton*

Draper276

Robert Launde

Goldsmith

1377–8

Nicholas Brembre

Grocer

Nicholas Twyford

Goldsmith

Andrew Pykeman*

Fishmonger

1378–9

John Philipot

Grocer279

John Boseham*

Mercer

Thomas Cornwaleys

Goldsmith

1379–80

John Hadle

Grocer

John Heylesdon*

Mercer

William Baret

Grocer

1380–81

William Walworth 2m

Fishmonger280

Walter Doget*

Vintner

William Knyghtcote

Mercer

1381–2

John (Comberton) de

Northampton

Draper281

John Rote

Skinner

John Heende*

Draper

1382–3

John (Comberton) de

Northampton

Draper282

Adam Bamme

Goldsmith

John Sely*

Skinner

1383–4

Nicholas Brembre 2m

Grocer

Simon Wynchcombe

Armourer

John More*

Mercer

1384–5

Nicholas Brembre

Grocer

Nicholas Exton

Fishmonger283

John Fresshe*

Mercer

1385–6

Nicholas Brembre

Grocer

John Organ*

Mercer

John Chircheman

Grocer

1386–7

Nicholas Exton

Fishmonger284

William More*

Vintner

William Staundon285

Grocer

1387–8

Nicholas Exton

Fishmonger

William Venour*

Grocer

Hugh Fastolf

Grocer

1388–9

Nicholas Twyford

Goldsmith

Thomas Austyn

Mercer

Adam Karlill*

Grocer

1389–90

William Venour

Grocer

John Walcote

Draper

John Loneye (or Loveneye)*

Mercer

1390–1

Adam Bamme

Goldsmith

John Fraunceys

Goldsmith

Thomas Vynent*

Mercer

1391–2286

John Heende

Draper

until 25 June 1392

Edward Dalyngregge (W)

replaced Heende until

22 July 1392

Baldwin de Radyngton (W)

replaced Dalyngregge

John Shadworth*

Mercer

until 25 June 1392

Henry Vanner

Vintner

until 25 June 1392

Gilbert Maghfeld (or Maunfeld)

Ironmonger

replaced Shadworth/Vanner

Thomas Newenton (or Neuton)

Mercer

replaced Shadworth/Vanner

1392–3

William Staundon

Grocer

Gilbert Maghfeld (or Maunfeld)*

Ironmonger

Thomas Newenton (or Neuton)

Mercer

1393–4

John Hadle 2m

Grocer

Drugo (or Drew) Barentyn

Goldsmith

Richard Whytyngdone (or Whittington)*

Mercer

1394–5

John Fresshe

Mercer

William Brampton*

Stockfishmonger

Thomas Knolles

Grocer

1395–6

William More

Vintner

Roger Elys*

Wax Chandler

William Shyringham

Mercer

1396–7

Adam Bamme 2m

Goldsmith

 died June 1397287

Richard Whytyngdone (or Whittington)

Mercer

 replaced Bamme288

Thomas Welford*

Fishmonger

William Parker

Mercer

1397–8

Richard Whytyngdone (or Whittington)

Mercer

John Wodecok

Mercer

William Askham*

Fishmonger

1398–9

Drugo (or Drew) Barentyn

Goldsmith

John Wade

Fishmonger

John Warner*

Ironmonger

1399–1400

Thomas Knolles

Grocer

William Walderne*

Mercer

William Hyde

Grocer

1400–1

John Fraunceys

Goldsmith

John Wakele*

Vintner

William Evote

Draper

1401–2

John Shadworth

Mercer

William Venour289

Grocer

William Framlyngham290

Skinner

1402–3

John Walcote

Draper

Robert Chichele

Grocer

Richard Merlawe

Ironmonger/Fishmonger291

1403–4

William Askham

Fishmonger

Thomas Fauconer

Mercer

Thomas Polle*

Goldsmith

1404–5

John Heende 2m

Draper

William Louthe*

Goldsmith

Stephen Speleman

Mercer

1405–6

John Wodecok

Mercer

William Crowmere

Draper

Henry Barton

Skinner

1406–7

Richard Whytyngdone (or Whittington) 2m

Mercer

Nicholas Wotton

Draper

Geoffrey Broke

Grocer

1407–8

William Staundon 2m

Grocer

Henry Pountfreyt

Saddler

Henry Halton*

Grocer292

1408–9

Drugo (or Drew) Barentyn 2m

Goldsmith

William Norton

Draper

Thomas Duke*

Skinner293

1409–10

Richard Merlawe

Ironmonger/Fishmonger294

William Chichele

Grocer

John Lane*

Mercer

1410–11

Thomas Knolles 2m

Grocer

John Penne*

Skinner

Thomas Pyke

Draper

1411–12

Robert Chichele

Grocer

Walter295 Cottone

Mercer

John Reynwell*

Fishmonger296

1412–13

William Walderne

Mercer

William Sevenoke

Grocer297

Ralph Lobenham*

Draper

1413–14

William Crowmere

Draper

John Sutton*

Grocer298

John Micholl

Vintner299

1414–15

Thomas Fauconer

Mercer

John Michell*

Stockfishmonger300

Thomas Aleyn

Mercer

1415–16

Nicholas Wotton

Draper

Alan Everard

Mercer

William Cauntbrigge*

Grocer301

1416–17

Henry Barton

Skinner

Robert Widyngton

Grocer

John Coventre

Mercer

1417–18

Richard Merlawe 2m

Ironmonger/Fishmonger302

John Gedney

Draper

Henry Read*303

Armourer304

1418–19

William Sevenoke

Grocer305

Ralph Barton

Skinner

John Bryan*

Fishmonger306

 died 10 Oct. 1418307

John Perneys (or Perveys)

Fishmonger

 replaced Bryan308

1419–20

Richard Whytyngdone 3m (or Whittington)

Mercer

Robert Whytingham

Draper

John Botiler (or Boteler)*

Mercer309

1420–1

William Cauntbrigge

Grocer310

John Boteler*

Draper311

John Welles

Grocer

1421–2

Robert Chichele 2m

Grocer

Richard Gosselyn

Ironmonger

William Weston*

Draper312

1422–3

William Walderne 2m

Mercer

Robert Tatersale

Draper

William Estfeld*

Mercer

1423–4

William Crowmere 2m

Draper

Nicholas Jamys

Fishmonger313

Thomas Wandesford*

Mercer

1424–5

John Michell

Stockfishmonger314

Simon Seman*

Vintner

John atte Water (or Bithewater)

Goldsmith

1425–6

John Coventre

Mercer

John Brokle

Draper

William Melreth*

Mercer

1426–7

John Reynwell

Fishmonger316

Robert Arnold*315

Grocer

John Higham

Draper317

1427–8

John Gedney

Draper

Henry Frowyk

Mercer

Robert Otele*

Grocer

1428–9

Henry Barton 2m

Skinner

Thomas Dufthous (or Dufhous)318

Fishmonger319

John Abbot*

Mercer320

1429–30

William Estfeld

Mercer

William Russe*

Goldsmith

Ralph Holland

Tailor and Draper321

1430–1

Nicholas Wotton 2m

Draper

Robert Large

Mercer

Walter Chertsey*

Draper322

1431–2

John Welles

Grocer

Stephen Broun

Grocer

John Hatherle (or Atherle)*

Ironmonger

1432–3

John Perneys (or Perveys)

Fishmonger

John Paddesle

Goldsmith

John Olney

Mercer

1433–4

John Brokle

Draper

Thomas Chalton*

Mercer

John Lynge

Draper323

1434–5

Robert Otele

Grocer

Thomas Bernewell*

Fishmonger

Simon Eyre

Draper

1435–6

Henry Frowyk

Mercer

Robert Clopton

Draper

Thomas Catteworth

Grocer

1436–7

John Michell 2m

Stockfishmonger324

William Gregory

Skinner

Thomas Morstede*

Fishmonger325

1437–8

William Estfeld 2m

Mercer

William Hales*

Mercer326

William Chapman

Tailor327

1438–9

Stephen Broun

Grocer

Nicholas Yoo

Draper

Hugh Dyke*

Mercer328

1439–40

Robert Large

Mercer

Philip Malpas

Draper

Robert Marshal*

Grocer329

1440–1

John Paddesle

Goldsmith

John Sutton

Goldsmith

William Whetenhall*

Grocer

1441–2

Robert Clopton

Draper

William Combes*

Stockfishmonger

Richard Rich

Mercer330

1442–3

John Hatherle (or Atherle)

Ironmonger

Thomas Beaumond*

Salter331

Richard Nordon

Tailor332

1443–4

Thomas Catteworth

Grocer

John Norman

Draper

Nicholas Wyfold*

Grocer

1444–5

Henry Frowyk 2m

Mercer

Stephen Forster*

Fishmonger333

Hugh Wiche

Mercer

1445–6

Simon Eyre

Draper

John Derby*

Draper and Tailor334

Geoffrey Feldynge

Mercer

1446–7

John Olney

Mercer

Robert Home*

Fishmonger335

Geoffrey Boleyn

Mercer

1447–8

John Gedney 2m

Draper

Thomas Scott

Draper

William Abraham*

Vintner

1448–9

Stephen Broun 2m

Grocer

William Cantelowe

Mercer

William Marowe*

Grocer

1449–50

Thomas Chalton

Mercer

Thomas Canynges

Grocer

William Hulyn336*

Fishmonger

1450–1

Nicholas Wyfold

Grocer

William Dere*

Pewterer?337

John Middleton

Mercer

1451–2

William Gregory

Skinner

Matthew Philip*

Goldsmith

Christopher Warter

Skinner

1452–3

Geoffrey Feldynge

Mercer

Richard Alley

Skinner

Richard Lee*

Grocer

1453–4

John Norman

Draper

John Walderne*

Grocer

Thomas Cook338

Draper

1454–5

Stephen Forster

Fishmonger339

John Feelde

Stockfishmonger340

William Taillour*

Grocer

1455–6

William Marowe

Grocer

Thomas Oulegrave

Skinner

John Yonge*

Grocer

1456–7

Thomas Canynges

Grocer

Ralph Verney

Mercer

John Steward*

Chandler341

1457–8

Geoffrey342 Boleyn

Mercer

William Edward*

Grocer

Thomas Reyner

Goldsmith343

1458–9

Thomas Scott

Draper

Ralph Josselyn*

Draper

Richard Nedeham

Mercer344

1459–60

William Hulyn

Fishmonger

John Stokker

Draper

John Plummer (or Plomer)*345

Grocer

1460–1

Richard Lee

Grocer

Richard Flemyng

Ironmonger

John Lambarde*

Mercer

1461–2

Hugh Wiche

Mercer

George Irlond

Grocer

John Lok*

Mercer346

1462–3

Thomas Cook

Draper

William Hampton

Fishmonger

Bartholomew James*

Draper

1463–4

Matthew Philip

Goldsmith

Robert Bassett

Salter

Thomas Muschampe*

Mercer347

1464–5

Ralph Josselyn

Draper

John Tate*

Mercer

John Stone

Tailor348

1465–6

Ralph Verney

Mercer

William Constantyn

Skinner

Henry Waver*

Draper

1466–7

John Yonge

Grocer

John Bromer*

Fishmonger

Henry Bryce (or Brice)

Fuller349

 died 20 June 1467350

John Stokton

Mercer

 replaced Bryce351

1467–8352

Thomas Oulegrave

Skinner

Humphrey Hayford

Goldsmith

Thomas Stalbrook*

Draper

1468–9

William Taillour

Grocer

William Haryot

Draper

Simon Smyth*

Grocer353

1469–70

Richard Lee 2m

Grocer

Robert Drope

Draper

Richard Gardyner*

Mercer

1470–1

John Stokton

Mercer

John Warde

Mercer

John Crosby*

Grocer

1471–2

William354 Edward

Grocer

John Aleyn

Goldsmith355

John Shelley*

Mercer356

1472–3

William Hampton

Fishmonger

John Browne

Mercer

Thomas Bledlowe*

Grocer

1473–4

John Tate

Mercer

William Stokker*

Draper

Robert Billesdon

Haberdasher

1474–5

Robert Drope

Draper

Edmund Shaa

Goldsmith

Thomas Hill*

Grocer

1475–6

Robert Bassett

Salter

Robert Colwyche

Tailor

Hugh Bryce*

Goldsmith

1476–7

Ralph Josselyn 2m

Draper

Richard Rawson

Mercer

William Home*

Salter

1477–8

Humphrey Hayford

Goldsmith

Henry Colet

Mercer

John Stokker*

Draper

1478–9

Richard Gardyner

Mercer

Robert Hardyng*

Goldsmith

Robert Byfeld

Ironmonger357

1479–80

Bartholomew James

Draper

John Warde

Grocer

Thomas Ilome*

Mercer

1480–1

John Browne

Mercer

William Bacon

Haberdasher

Thomas Danyell*

Dyer358

1481–2

William Haryot

Draper

Robert Tate*

Mercer

William Wyking

Skinner

 died 19 Oct. 1481359

Richard Chawry

Salter

 replaced Wyking360

1482–3

Edmund Shaa

Goldsmith

John Mathewe

Mercer

William White*

Draper

1483–4

Robert Billesdon

Haberdasher

Thomas Northland (or Norlonde)*

Grocer

William Martin

Skinner

1484–5

Thomas Hill

Grocer

 died 23 Sept. 1485361

William Stokker

Draper

replaced Hill; died 28 Sept.

1485364

John Warde

Grocer

 replaced Stokker365

Thomas Breteyn*

Ironmonger

died c.Sept. 1485362

Richard Chester

Skinner

 died 6 Feb. 1485363

Ralph Astry

Fishmonger

 replaced Chester366

1485–6

Hugh Bryce

Goldsmith

John Swan

Tailor

John Tate*

Mercer

1486–7

Henry Colet

Mercer

John Percyvale*

Tailor

Hugh Clopton

Mercer

1487–8

William Horne

Salter

William Remyngton

Fishmonger

John Fenkyll (or Fynkell)*

Draper

1488–9

Robert Tate

Mercer

Ralph Tilney

Grocer

William Isaak*

Draper

1489–90

William White

Draper

William Capel*

Draper

John Broke

Grocer

1490–1

John Mathewe

Mercer

Henry Cote*

Goldsmith

Robert Revell

Grocer

 died 23 Feb. 1491367

Hugh Pemberton

Tailor

 replaced Revell368

1491–2

Hugh Clopton

Mercer

Thomas Wood*

Goldsmith

William Browne

Mercer369

1492–3

William Martin

Skinner

William Purchase*

Mercer

William Welbeck

Haberdasher

1493–4

Ralph Astry

Fishmonger

Robert Fabyan*

Draper

John Wynger

Grocer

1494–5

Richard Chawry

Salter

Nicholas Ailwyn*

Mercer

John Warner

Armourer370

1495–6

Henry Colet 2m

Mercer

Thomas Kneseworth*

Fishmonger

Henry Somer

Haberdasher371

1496–7

John Tate

Mercer

John Shaa*

Goldsmith

Richard Haddon

Mercer

1497–8

William Purchase

Mercer

Bartholomew Rede*

Goldsmith

Thomas Wyndout

Mercer

1498–9

John Percyvale

Tailor

Stephen Jenyns

Tailor

Thomas Bradbury*

Mercer

1499–1500

Nicholas Ailwyn

Mercer

James Wilforth (or Wylford)*

Tailor

Richard Bronde372

Fishmonger373

1500–1

William Remyngton

Fishmonger

John Hawes*

Mercer

William Stede

Grocer

1501–2

John Shaa

Goldsmith

Lawrence Aylmer*

Draper

Henry Hede

Ironmonger374

1502–3

Bartholomew Rede

Goldsmith

Nicholas Nynes

Tailor

Henry Kebyll*

Grocer

1503–4

William Capel

Draper

Christopher Hawes*

Mercer

Robert Watts

Draper375

 died Nov. 1503376

Thomas Graunger

Skinner

 replaced Watts377

1504–5

John Wynger

Grocer

Roger Acheley*

Draper

William Browne

Mercer378

1505–6

Thomas Kneseworth

Fishmonger

Richard Shore*

Draper

Roger Grove

Grocer

1506–7379

Richard Haddon

Mercer

William Copynger*

Fishmonger

William Fitz William

Merchant Taylor

1507–8

William Browne

Mercer380

 died 22 March 1508381

Lawrence Aylmer

Draper

 replaced Browne383

William Boteler (or Butler)*

Grocer

John Kirkby

Merchant Taylor382

1508–9

Stephen Jenyns

Merchant Taylor

Thomas Exmue (or Exmewe)*

Goldsmith

Richard Smyth

Merchant Taylor384

1509–10

Thomas Bradbury

Mercer

 died 11 Jan. 1510385

William Capell 2m

Draper

 replaced Bradbury387

George Monoux*

Draper

John Doget

Merchant Taylor386

1510–11

Henry Kebyll

Grocer

John Rest

Grocer

John Milborne*

Draper

1511–12

Roger Achele

Draper

Thomas Mirfyn

Skinner

Nicholas Shelton*

Mercer

1512–13

William Copynger

Fishmonger

 died 7 Feb. 1513388

Richard Haddon 2m

Mercer

 replaced Copynger389

Robert Fenrother

Goldsmith

Robert Aldernes (or Holdernes)*

Haberdasher

1513–14

William Browne

Mercer391

 died 3 June 1514392

John Tate 2m

Mercer

 replaced Browne394

John Brugge (or Bruges)390

Draper

John Dawes*

Grocer

 died 15 June 1514393

Roger Basford

Mercer

 replaced Dawes395

1514–15

George Monoux

Draper

James Yarford (or Yerford)*

Mercer

John Mundy

Goldsmith

1515–16

William Boteler (or Butler)

Grocer

Henry Worley*

Goldsmith

Richard Grey

Ironmonger

 died 20 Oct. 1515396

William Bayley

Draper

 replaced Grey397

1516–17

John Rest

Grocer

John Thurston

Goldsmith398

Thomas Semer (or Seymour)*

Mercer

1517–18

Thomas Exmue (or Exmewe)

Goldsmith

Thomas Baldry*

Mercer

Ralph Symonds

Fishmonger

1518–19

Thomas Mirfyn

Skinner

John Aleyn (or Alen)*

Mercer

James Spencer

Vintner

1519–20

James Yarford (or Yerford)

Mercer

Nicholas Partryche

Grocer

John Wylkynson*

Draper

1520–1

John Brugge (or Bruges)

Draper

John Kyme*

Mercer

John Skevynton

Merchant Taylor

1521–2

John Milborne

Draper

Thomas Pargeter

Salter

John Breton*

Merchant Taylor399

1522–3

John Mundy

Goldsmith

John Rudstone*

Draper

John Champneys

Skinner

1523–4

Thomas Baldry

Mercer

Michael Englysshe*

Mercer

Nicholas Jenyns

Skinner

1524–5

William Bayley

Draper

Ralph Dodmer*

Mercer400

William Roche

Draper

1525–6

John Aleyn (or Alen)

Mercer

John Cawnton*

Haberdasher

Christopher Ascue

Draper

1526–7

Thomas Semer (or Seymour)

Mercer

Nicholas Lambarde (or Lambert)

Grocer

Stephen Pecocke*

Haberdasher

1527–8

James Spencer

Vintner

John Hardy*

Haberdasher

William Hollyes

Mercer

1528–9

John Rudstone

Draper

Ralph Warren*

Mercer

John Long

Salter

1529–30

Ralph Dodmer

Mercer402

Michael Dormer*401

Mercer

Walter Champyon

Draper

1530–1

Thomas Pargeter

Salter

Richard Choppyn

Tallow Chandler403

William Dauntsey*

Mercer

1531–2

Nicholas Lambarde (or Lambert)

Grocer

Richard Gresham*

Mercer

Edward Altham

Clothworker404

1532–3

Stephen Pecocke

Haberdasher

Richard Reynolds*

Mercer405

Nicholas Pyncheon

Butcher406

 died 8 Mar. 1533407

John Martyn

Butcher408

replaced Pyncheon

 died Sept. 1533409

John Preest

Grocer410

 replaced Martyn411

1533–4

Christopher Ascue

Draper

William Forman*

Haberdasher

Thomas Kytson

Mercer

1534–5

John Champneys

Skinner

William Denham

Ironmonger

Nicholas Leveson*

Mercer412

1535–6

John Aleyn (or Alen) 2m

Mercer

Humphrey Monmouth*

Draper

John Cotes

Salter

1536–7

Ralph Warren

Mercer

Robert Pagett*

Merchant Taylor

William Bowyer

Draper

1537–8

Richard Gresham

Mercer

Thomas Lewen

Ironmonger

John Gresham*

Mercer

1538–9

William Forman

Haberdasher

Nicholas Gybson

Grocer

William Wilkenson*

Mercer413

1539–40

William Hollyes

Mercer

John Fayrey*

Mercer414

Thomas Huntlowe

Haberdasher415

1540–1

William Roche

Draper

William Laxton*

Grocer

Martin Bowes

Goldsmith

1541–2

Michael Dormer

Mercer

Rowland Hill*

Mercer

Henry Suckley

Merchant Taylor416

1542–3

John Cotes

Salter

Henry Huberthorn*

Merchant Taylor

Henry Amcotts (or Hamcotts)

Fishmonger417

1543–4

William Bowyer

Draper

 died 13 Apr. 1544418

Ralph Warren 2m

Mercer

 replaced Bowyer419

John Tolos*

Clothworker

Richard Dobbys

Skinner

1544–5

William Laxton

Grocer

John Wylford*

Merchant Taylor

Andrew Judde

Skinner

1545–6

Martin Bowes

Goldsmith

Ralph Aleyn420

Grocer

George Barne*421

Haberdasher

1546–7

Henry Huberthorn

Merchant Taylor

Richard Gerveys*

Mercer

Thomas Curtes

Pewterer422

1547–8

John Gresham

Mercer

Thomas Whyte*

Merchant Taylor

Robert Chertsey

Mercer

1548–9

Henry Amcotts (or Hamcotts)

Fishmonger423

William Lok*

Mercer

John Ayliffe

Barber-Surgeon424

1549–50

Rowland Hill

Mercer

Richard Turke*

Fishmonger

John Yorke

Merchant Taylor425

1550–1

Andrew Judde

Skinner

Augustine Hynde*

Clothworker

John Lyon

Grocer

1551–2

Richard Dobbys

Skinner

John Lambarde (or Lamberd)*

Draper

John Cowper

Fishmonger

1552–3

George Barne

Haberdasher

William Garrarde*

Haberdasher

John426 Maynard

Mercer427

1553–4

Thomas Whyte

Merchant Taylor

Thomas Offley*

Merchant Taylor

William Hewet

Clothworker

1554–5

John Lyon

Grocer

David Woodroffe*

Haberdasher

William Chester

Draper

1555–6

William Garrarde

Haberdasher

John Machell428

Clothworker

Thomas Leigh*

Mercer

1556–7

Thomas Offley

Merchant Taylor

William Harper*

Merchant Taylor

John Whyte

Grocer

1557–8

Thomas Curtes

Fishmonger429

James Altham

Clothworker

Richard Malorye*

Mercer

1558–9

Thomas Leigh

Mercer

John Hawes (or Halse)*

Clothworker

Richard Champyon

Draper

(p.312) (p.313) (p.314) (p.315) (p.316) (p.317) (p.318) (p.319) (p.320) (p.321) (p.322) (p.323) (p.324) (p.325) (p.326) (p.327) (p.328) (p.329) (p.330) (p.331) (p.332) (p.333) (p.334) (p.335) (p.336) (p.337) (p.338) (p.339) (p.340) (p.341) (p.342) (p.343) (p.344) (p.345) (p.346) (p.347) (p.348) (p.349) (p.350) (p.351) (p.352) (p.353) (p.354) (p.355)

Notes:

(1) Personal communication, CLRO.

(2) Letter Books, Journals, and Repertories have largely been searched, for company memberships of mayors and sheriffs, only in their election listings.

(3) G. Unwin, The Gilds and Companies of London (London, 1908), 58.

(4) For such possible service see e.g. Brooke with Keir, 234 and n. 3.

(5) See P. Nightingale, A Medieval Mercantile Community: The Grocers’ Company & the Politics and Trade of London 1000–1485 (New Haven, Conn., 1995), 237.

(6) For the 31 March 1536 date, see GL MS 6750 (2 separate, dated copies of the relevant company charter). See also CLRO Rep. 9 fos. 172v–175v (30 March).

(7) The mayor assumed office in the city on 28 Oct., but was not fully mayor until sworn before the king or the king’s representatives on (at first) 28 or (later; from before 1300) 29 Oct. See Beaven, ii. p. xxviii and Liber Albus, 18–23; also Chronicles of the Mayors and Sheriffs of London, A.D. 1188 to A.D. 1274, ed. and trans. H. T. Riley (London, 1863), 12, 21, 22, 74. For the sheriffs’ 28 Sept. date of assumption of office see Liber Albus, 39–40. (Beaven also provides, ii. pp. xxviii and xxxiii, the changing dates of the mayors’ and sheriffs’ elections during this period.) The sheriffs did not have to be presented to the king or his representatives before their term of office formally began; see also The Historical Charters and Constitutional Documents of the City of London, ed. W. de Gray Birch (London, 1887), 16, 21, 56. See also the City Letter Books (CLRO), from Letter Book C onwards.

(8) Fitz-Ailwyn has traditionally been identified as a draper, but without sufficient evidence; see Beaven, ii. 225 and also A. H. Johnson, The History of The Worshipful Company of the Drapers of London, 5 vols. (Oxford, 1914–22), i. 75 n. 1.

(9) See n. to Richard Blunt, sheriff 1198–9.

(10) See n. to Ernulf fitz-Alulf, sheriff 1198–9.

(11) Or le Bel: Stow, Survey, ii. 150 n. 12, and Mayors and Sheriffs, 2.

(12) Brother of Constantine fitz-Alulf, sheriff 1197–8 (Beaven, i. 365).

(13) Or Richard fitz-Bartholomew: see Stow, Survey, ii.150 n. 14, and Mayors and Sheriffs, 2; Beaven, i. 364–5 gives this as the alternative surname for 1196–7 sheriff Robert Blund, and Reynolds, 356, lists the sheriffs 1196–7 and 1198–9 as brothers.

(14) Brother of Martin fitz-Alice, sheriff 1213–14 (Reynolds, 356)?

(15) Son of William de Haverell, sheriff 1190–1 (Beaven, i, 365).

(16) Or John Heliland: see Stow, Survey, i. 151 n. 8, and Mayors and Sheriffs, 3.

(17) Or Edmund de la Hale: see Stow, Survey, i. 151 n. 9, and Mayors and Sheriffs, 3.

(18) Beaven, i. 337 identifies as a mercer the later mayor Serlo le Mercer, who is the same individual as this sheriff (see Reynolds, 356).

(19) See n. to William Hardel, mayor 1215–16 (who is the same individual as this sheriff: see Reynolds, 356–7, who also suggests that Ralph Hardel, mayor 1254–5, is this William Hardel’s son).

(20) Reynolds, 356–7 names him Peter le Duc and suggests that his father was a sheriff [Roger le Duc sheriff, 1192–3?].

(21) Or Thomas alderman (or Thomas fitz-Nigel): Reynolds, 356–7, Hughes, 200 (Thomas Aldermannus); or Thomas fitz-Neal: Mayors and Sheriffs, 3.

(22) Probably a son of Peter Nevelun, sheriff 1191–2 (Stow, Survey, ii, 51 n. 15); perhaps instead the sheriff 1191–2 in another term (Reynolds, 356); father of Andrew Nevelun, sheriff 1215–16 (Beaven, i. 365).

(23) Or William Wite: see Stow, Survey, ii. 151 n. 16, and Mayors and Sheriffs, 3.

(24) Stow, Survey, ii. 152 n. 4.

(25) Beaven, i. 365.

(26) See Beaven, ii. 227; Reynolds, 356–7 suggests he may be the son of Constantine fitz-Alulf, sheriff 1197–98.

(27) Brother of William fitz-Alice, sheriff 1200–1 (Reynolds, 356)?

(28) Mayor in 1215 [not 1214–15], 1216–22: Beaven, i. 337 n. The Great Chronicle of London, ed. A. H. Thomas and I. D. Thornley (London, 1938), 5, has Roger fitz-Alan mayor for part of this year and Serlo le Mercer mayor for part, as does A Chronicle, 8; Annales Londonienses, 17 dates fitz-Alan’s removal in May 1215. Brooke with Keir, 376, however, list Serlo le Mercer as mayor 1214–15.

(29) Stow, Survey, ii. 152 has no ‘de’, but presumably this is the mayor of 1216–17 (also without a ‘de’ in Stow, Survey) who is de Basing in Beaven, i. 366.

(30) Mercer: Beaven, i. 337 n.

(31) Williams, 54, speaks of this mayor in terms of a vintner family dynasty; A Chronicle, 8, calls him a draper.

(32) Also called Andrew fitz-Peter (Beaven, i, 365); brother of Peter Nevelun, sheriff 1209–10 (Reynolds, 356).

(33) Stow, Survey, ii. 153 does not explain why one mayor replaced the other in this year. Mayors and Sheriffs, 4, says that James Alderman lost the mayoralty on Holy Trinity [21 May 1217] and that Salomon de Basing was immediately made mayor. Reynolds, 356–7, and Brooke with Keir, 376, indicate that William Hardel continued as mayor into 1216–17, until Easter 1217.

(34) Only ‘Benedict’ in Beaven, i. 366, but Benet Senturer in Stow, Survey, ii. 152, and in Hughes, 199 (hand-written annotation), and Benedict le Seynter in Mayors and Sheriffs, 4.

(35) Goldsmith: A Chronicle, 9.

(36) Same as William Blund, sheriff 1209–10?

(37) Beaven, i. 337, begins his second mayoralty in 1216.

(38) Same as Ralph Helyland, sheriff 1212–13 (Mayors and Sheriffs, 188; Reynolds, 356).

(39) Or Josce Ponderator: Hughes, 200, and see also Stow, Survey, ii. 152 n. 17; Joce le Pesur: Mayors and Sheriffs, 4.

(40) Or John Vitalis: Hughes, 200; and see also Stow, Survey, ii. 153 n. 1.

(41) Or Josce filius Willelmi: Hughes, 200; and see also Stow, Survey, ii. 153 n. 2.

(42) Andrew Bukerel’s traditional identification as a pepperer (see Beaven, i. 371) has been denied by Nightingale, 47.

(43) See n. to Andrew Bukerel, sheriff 1223–24.

(44) See n. to Roger le Duc, mayor 1227–8.

(45) See n. to Roger le Duc, mayor 1227–8.

(46) Son of Roger le Duc, sheriff 1192–3? (Reynolds, 355 and 357); same individual as sheriff 1225–7 (see Beaven, i. 371).

(47) Or Walter de Winchester: Mayors and Sheriffs, 6; and see also Stow, Survey, ii. 154.

(48) See n. to Andrew Bukerel, sheriff 1223–4.

(49) Or Henry de Edelmeton: Stow, Survey, ii. 154 n. 6, and Mayors and Sheriffs, 6.

(50) See n. to Gerard Bat, mayor 1239–40 (the same individual: see Beaven, i. 372).

(51) Draper?: see Williams, 61.

(52) See n. to Gerard Bat, mayor 1239–40 (the same individual: see Beaven, i. 372).

(53) Second time as sheriff: see 1227–9, and Mayors and Sheriffs, 7.

(54) Beaven, i. 371.

(55) Stow, Survey, ii. 154. Although Beaven, i. 371, states that Bukerel died in 1237, he also (i.371) lists Renger as having been mayor in 1238 (not including 1237). No months are given.

(56) Beaven, i. 371.

(57) Stow, Survey, ii. 154; see also Beaven, i. 372.

(58) Vintner?: see Fabyan, 331 n. 4.

(59) No mayor earlier, because of a dispute with the king (Stow, Survey, ii. 155 n. 3).

(60) Gerard Bat was elected mayor but not admitted (Stow, Survey, ii. 155 n. 5). See Mayors and Sheriffs, 8–9.

(61) Pepperer: Beaven, i. 372, Williams, 68 and 325; vintner: Nightingale, 126 and 620 (index). Nightingale, 47 states there is no evidence for the traditional association of the Gisors family with the pepperers. She associates the family with the wine trade.

(62) Williams, 206, calls the mayor of 1244–5 a goldsmith; this sheriff is the same individual (see Beaven, i. 372).

(63) Possibly the son of John Viel, sheriff 1218–20? Recorded in Stow, Survey, ii. 155 n. 7 as ‘John son of John Viel’, and in Mayors and Sheriffs, 9, as ‘John Fitz-John Vyel’, and ibid. 189, as ‘John Viel the Younger’.

(64) Goldsmith: Stow, Survey, ii. 155 n. 10.

(65) Goldsmith: Mayors and Sheriffs, 10, 189.

(66) Or Adam de Giseburne: Stow, Survey, ii. 155 n. 12, Mayors and Sheriffs, 10.

(67) Draper: Williams, 323.

(68) Goldsmith: Williams, 206.

(69) Stow, Survey, ii. 155 n. 16: Michael Tovi was elected mayor (and Beaven, i. 372 lists him as mayor 1244–6, although only 1244–5 at i. 374 n. 3) but the king refused to admit him and John Gisors was sworn in his place on 12 Jan. 1246 [11 Jan., Mayors and Sheriffs, 16]; Nicholas Bat was chosen sheriff, but rejected [14 Dec, Mayors and Sheriffs, 12], and was succeeded first by John Gisors and then by Robert de Cornhill. See Mayors and Sheriffs, 12–13.

(70) See n. to John Gisors, sheriff 1240–1.

(71) See n. to John Gisors, sheriff 1240–1.

(72) Elected 22 Jan. 1246: Mayors and Sheriffs, 13.

(73) Goldsmith: Mayors and Sheriffs, 12.

(74) According to Mayors and Sheriffs, 15, the city was briefly put by the king into the hands of William de Haverille and Edward de Westminster, 23 Aug.–6 Sept. 1248.

(75) Goldsmith: Williams, 206.

(76) Draper?: see Williams, 61.

(77) In this year, 18–24 May 1250, the city was again in the king’s hands: see Mayors and Sheriffs, 17–18.

(78) Draper: Beaven, i. 372; vintner: Williams, 209.

(79) Draper?: see Williams, 61.

(80) Draper: Williams, 61. (Same individual as later mayor and warden: see Beaven, i. 372.) See also Annales Londonienses, 45. ‘Le Prestre’ (the priest) in Mayors and Sheriffs, 19.

(81) Draper: Williams, 323.

(82) Tailor?: Beaven, i. 374 (the query mark is his); skinner: Williams, 63.

(83) Hardel, according to Mayors and Sheriffs, 22–3, did not immediately become mayor, because the city was taken into the king’s hands (under John Gisors) until 19 Nov. Sheriffs Eswy and Linton, temporarily out of office also with Hardel (Mayors and Sheriffs, 22–3), were removed in Feb. 1255 for neglect involving the gaols and were replaced by Walemunt and Oystergate: see Stow, Survey, ii. 156 n. 10, and Mayors and Sheriffs, 23–4.

(84) Draper: Beaven, i. 372; vintner: Williams, 209.

(85) Draper: A Chronicle, 18.

(86) Fishmonger: Williams, 220 and 228.

(87) The city was briefly in the king’s hands in Nov.; see Mayors and Sheriffs, 24–5.

(88) ‘Drapparius’: Stow, Survey, ii. 156 n. 15; Mayors and Sheriffs, 25.

(89) For the details of removals and replacements, and one death, during 1257–8 see Stow, Survey, ii. 157 n. 1. An appointed warden served between Hardel and fitz-Richard. Beaven, ii. p. xxxix, however, gives Cateloigne’s death as in Dec. 1257, and Mayors and Sheriffs, 31 gives 14 Dec., while Stow, Survey gives 19 Oct. 1257 as the date upon which Bukerel succeeded Cateloigne. Beaven, i. 373, lists fitz-Thomas as sheriff only in 1258. See also Mayors and Sheriffs, 33–9.

(90) Draper: Williams, 61.

(91) Draper: Williams, 216.

(92) ‘Probably the son of (though possibly identical with) the … Mayor in 1244–5 and in 1249’ (Beaven, i. 374 n. 3; on i. 372 he has Tovi as mayor not just in 1249 but in 1247–9, as accepted in this list–see above). Williams, 220, identifies two individuals named Michael Tovi: the mayor in the 1240s and his son, a goldsmith, a popular leader at this time.

(93) Goldsmith: see Williams, 206 (the earlier mayor) and 220 (the mayor’s son).

(94) Draper: Beaven, i. 373. Vintner: Stow, Survey, ii. 158 (when mayor in 1270–1).

(95) Draper: Williams, 216.

(96) Pepperer: Williams, 220 and 244; and see also Nightingale, 77 (though she has Grapefige as sheriff in 1252).

(97) See n. to John Gisors, sheriff 1240–1.

(98) See n. to John Adrien, sheriff 1257–8.

(99) Draper: Williams, 61.

(100) Fishmonger: Williams, 63.

(101) See n. to John de Norhampton, sheriff 1253–4.

(102) Same as Richard Pikard, sheriff 1253–4?

(103) Draper: Williams, 216.

(104) Mercer: Williams, 58 and 332.

(105) Pepperer: Nightingale, 77.

(106) Spicer: Nightingale, 76–7.

(107) Not admitted by the king but nevertheless remained in office for the year (Mayors and Sheriffs, 62, 74).

(108) Goldsmith: Beaven, i. 374; but Nightingale associates the Rokesle family in general with the trade of roper, and on Gregory de Rokesle see her p. 89.

(109) Beaven, i. 374, lists Gregory de Rokesle and Simon de Hadestok as sheriffs in 1265, not specifying whether in the 1264–5 or the 1265–6 sheriffs’ year. This would be a second time for Rokesle as sheriff (see 1263–4). Mayors and Sheriffs, 81, places them under 1265–6 and states that they were not admitted; an explanatory note is provided. Adrien and Hervi became sheriffs, with fitz-Otho as warden; see Mayors and Sheriffs, 81–4. Stow, Survey, ii. 157 provides the 28 Nov. date given here for Adrien and Hervi.

(110) Stow, Survey, ii. 157–8 names fitz-Otho as warden; Hughes, 201 lists him as sheriff. He was apparently, like sheriffs Adrien and Hervi, replaced by Linde and Walrauen; see Mayors and Sheriffs, 84, and Additions, 190.

(111) See n. to John Adrien, sheriff 1257–8.

(112) Beaven, i. 374, lists as bailiff (i.e. sheriff) 1265–6 (not just in 1265).

(113) From 28 Nov. 1265 according to Stow, Survey, ii. 157 and Hughes, 201; on 7 Dec. 1265 according to Mayors and Sheriffs, 84.

(114) Clerk: Mayors and Sheriffs, 84.

(115) From 28 Nov. 1265 according to Stow, Survey, ii. 157 and Hughes, 201; on 7 Dec. 1265 according to Mayors and Sheriffs, 84.

(116) Stow, Survey, ii. 157 n. 10 states fitz-Richard was sheriff 6 May to 11 Nov. 1266; Hughes, 201 also lists him as a sheriff; Beaven, i. 372 lists him as warden in 1266. Mayors and Sheriffs, 89–90, places fitz-Richard’s election—as both warden and sheriff—and Guildhall oath-taking on Ascension Day 1266 / the Feast of ‘Saint John Port Latin’ [6 May] and a St Paul’s presentation to the Exchequer barons on 7 May (pp. 90–1).

(117) Mayor twice previously.

(118) Draper: Williams, 61.

(119) Stow, Survey, ii. 158 n. 1 (following Mayors and Sheriffs [p. 93]) gives the 11 Nov. 1266 date for the start of Adrien’s and Batencourt’s terms (the same date given for the end of fitz-Richard’s here, under 1265–6), Hughes, 201, gives 12 Nov. for Adrien and Batencourt. See n. to William fitz-Richard, sheriff and/or warden 1265–6. Mayors and Sheriffs, 95–6, states that Robert de Lintone and Roger Marshal were elected as sheriffs by the people after Easter [17 Apr.] 1267, and Richard de Culeworth by the earl of Gloucester, and that (97) Adrien and Batencourt were restored c.18 June.

(120) Stow, Survey, ii. 158, lists Alan de la Souche as warden in 1266–7 but also cites p. 158 n. 2 of Mayors and Sheriffs [see its p. 97] as a source for his appointment on 23 June 1267.

(121) See n. to John Adrien, sheriff 1257–8.

(122) The various replacements, including dates, are noted in Stow, Survey, ii. 158 nn. 3 and 4 and, for the sheriffs only, in Hughes, 201: but Stow, Survey’s (and also Hughes’s) 7 Apr. is 2 Apr. in Mayors and Sheriffs, 106.

(123) See n. to John Adrien, sheriff 1257–8.

(124) Replacements are listed in Stow, Survey, ii. 158 nn. 5 and 6, which specifies 3 May for the sheriffs’ change date; Mayors and Sheriffs, 114 (and see also ibid. 191) has 4–6 May for Cornhill and Basinge. Hughes, 201, includes fitz-Otho in his list of sheriffs (from 17 Feb. 1269) and has all four of the sheriffs here named as ‘custodes’ from 17 Feb. 1269.

(125) In the first week of Lent: Mayors and Sheriffs, 113. Ash Wed. was 6 Feb. in 1269.

(126) In the first week of Lent: Mayors and Sheriffs, 113. Ash Wed. was 6 Feb. in 1269.

(127) Woolman: Beaven, i. 374; Ekwall, 168 no. 83 suggests perhaps also a draper.

(128) Replacements, effective 6 July (the date also used by Hughes, 201), are listed in Stow, Survey, ii. 158 n. 7; but see also Mayors and Sheriffs, 120 and 129–30 (new mayor and sheriffs chosen at the beginning of June; mayor presented to king and admitted 16 July, sworn before king 18 July; sheriffs presented and admitted at Exchequer 18 July). Beaven, i. 235, lists le Poter as sheriff 1270–1, but i. 375, as sheriff only in 1270.

(129) Listed as a sheriff by Hughes, 201.

(130) See n. to Thomas de Basinge, sheriff 1268–9.

(131) See n. to John Adrien, sheriff 1257–8.

(132) Mercer: Williams, 58 and 332. Listed among the merchant taylors by Beaven, i. 345, but not so identified (i. 374) in his chronological listing of aldermen.

(133) See n. to year 1265–6.

(134) See n. to Gregory de Rokesle, sheriff 1263–4.

(135) Cordwainer: French Chronicle, 236.

(136) Not confirmed until c.18 Nov. 1272; see n. below to Frowike’s dates.

(137) Pepperer: Stow, Survey, ii. 159; but not in Nightingale. This wardenship is not listed in Beaven as a position held by the 1274–5 pepperer sheriff.

(138) Stow, Survey, ii. 159 n. 2 (10 Nov.-13 Jan.); Mayors and Sheriffs, 153–60. Hervi’s election was disputed for a time, as the aldermen wanted Philip le Taillour.

(139) Both Cosyn and Meldeburne were removed for taking bribes: Stow, Survey, ii. 159 n. 3, Mayors and Sheriffs, 167–8.

(140) See immediately preceding n.

(141) Elected 1 Dec. 1273: Mayors and Sheriffs, 168; Nov.: Hughes, 201.

(142) Elected 1 Dec. 1273: Mayors and Sheriffs, 168; Nov.: Hughes, 201.

(143) Is this the same individual who was sheriff 1266–8? (Stow, Survey, ii. 158 and 159 uses different spellings, as reproduced here, in 1266–8 and in 1274–5.)

(144) See n. to Gregory de Rokesle, sheriff 1263–4.

(145) Hughes, 201, notes that he ‘apparently died in office’; but Beaven, i. 375, lists his death as in 1278.

(146) His father was also an alderman and draper: see e.g. LBA, fos. 6r, 7r, 29v, and 108r, Beaven, i. 236 and 405–6, and above, sheriff 1257–8 (in 1258 only), 1258–9, 1265–6 (in 1265 only), 1266–8, mayor 1269–70 (in 1270 only), 1270–1.

(147) According to LBA, fo. 101v he was briefly deposed for a trespass (at Easter according to Annales Londonienses, 89) but restored as sheriff the Saturday before St John Baptist: i.e. on 22 June 1280 (but on the eve of St John Baptist, i.e. 23 June, Annales Londonienses, 89).

(148) Removed from office (after 25 July: Annales Londonienses, 92) because implicated in a murder: see French Chronicle, 240 nn. 6 and 8, and Stow, Survey, i. 254–5; also A Chronicle, 31 (Goodcheape imprisoned in the Tower) and Annales Londonienses, 92–3.

(149) Beaven, i. 238, refers to a Stephen de Cornhulle as sheriff in 1294–5, dying c.1295 (will enrolled March 1295). 1294–5 would seem to be a misprint for 1284–5 (other sheriffs are listed for 1294–5 in Stow, Survey, and by Hughes, 201; and Beaven does not include Cornhulle in his list, ii. xxxix, of sheriffs who died in office); but I have not here emended the Stow, Survey spelling. Beaven’s index gives the surname as de Cornhill.

(150) See n. to Gregory de Rokesle, sheriff 1263–4.

(151) See Stow, Survey, ii. 160 n. 1, citing LBF, [fo. 232r], and LBF, 281, where n. 4 explains that the king took the city into his hand in June and Rokesle was removed from office.

(152) Corder?: see Ekwall, 164 no. 33.

(153) Draper according to A Chronicle, 32.

(154) LBF, fo. 232r, and LBF, 281 n. 5.

(155) LBF, fo. 232r states that Sandwich was warden until 3 Feb. 1286, when he was replaced by John le Breton until 20 July 1287 (and see also LBF, 281 and n. 5 (first part)); but Stow, Survey, ii. 160 lists Sandwich as warden until 1288–9; and see also LBF, 281 n. 5 (second part), and Stow, Survey, ii. 385 n. to ii. 160 line 19.

(156) Hughes, 201, states that he was appointed 3 Oct. Same as Walter le Blund, sheriff 1282–3?

(157) Stockfishmonger: Annales Londonienses, 95.

(158) Blader: Ekwall, 183 no. 25. ‘Wadeblad’ in Annales Londonienses, 95 (cited by Ekwall).

(159) But see n. to Ralph de Sandwich, warden 1285–6.

(160) Thomas Gros: Hughes, 201.

(161) Goldsmith: Beaven, i. 225, 377; but Nightingale, 95, identifies him as a pepperer.

(162) Stow, Survey, ii. 385 provides a long note (to ii, 160 line 19): that in [BL], Cotton MS. Julius B.II and in LBF, [fo. 232r] Sandwich is said to have been custos [i.e. warden] until the day after [12 June] St. Barnabas Apostle, 1294, but that in the Liber Custumarum Sandwich is said to have been removed before the Feast of the Purification [2 Feb.] 1289, with Ralph de Berners [Barnauars, Stow, Survey, ii. 160] appointed in his place, and then in turn replaced as warden within a few days by John le Breton. Then in 19 Edward I [20 Nov. 1290–19 Nov. 1291] Sandwich was reinstated: around the feast of St. Margaret [20 July 1291], according to the Liber Custumarum. (Both Sandwich and le Breton are here spelled as in Beaven, although in his three uses of the name le Breton Beaven once, i. 370, uses the form ‘de Breton’.) Annales Londonienses, 96–7, has Sandwich first deposed as constable of the Tower before 2 Feb. 1289, with Berners replacing him there, and then replaced as warden of the city by le Breton the Monday after 2 Feb., with both Berners and le Breton removed and Sandwich reinstated as constable [and presumably also as warden?] c.20 July 1289. Sandwich is then again listed as warden, with le Coteler and St. Edmond as sheriffs, in 1290. A CLRO handlist of mayors, dating from the late 1970s or earlier (personal acquisition c. 1977–8), lists Sandwich as warden 1285–9 and 1289–2, and le Breton as mayor in 1289. It also indicates that le Breton’s 1289 mayoralty was his second (and see n. to Sandwich, warden 1285–6), although his name does not appear on the list earlier; but it then repeats the second-time designation for le Breton as warden in 1293–8.

(163) Pepperer (Beaven, i. 338), goldsmith (Beaven, i. 189); neither in Beaven’s chronological listing, i. 377; pepperer, mercer, or goldsmith: Ekwall, 147; and see Nightingale, 93, 109–10, 121 (William de Bethune, mercer).

(164) Possible second non-consecutive term for both Sandwich and le Breton; see n. to Ralph de Sandwich, warden 1285–6 and n. to 1288–9.

(165) Blader or pepperer: Beaven, i. 197 (blader), 338 (pepperer), 377 (blader or pepperer[?]); Nightingale, 95, identifies him as a pepperer.

(166) See n. to 1288–9.

(167) Also known as Salomon de Laufare (Beaven, ii. 160); see LBA, fo. 102r, LBF, fo. 232r, and also Stow, Survey, ii. 160 n. 9 (including a suggested association with a Salomon de Lanvare, cutler; see Stow, Survey, ii. 330 n. to i. 262 line 18).

(168) See n. to Ralph de Sandwich, warden 1284–5.

(169) Beaven omits the company designation in his chronological list of aldermen (i. 377) but places le Coteler in his list of cutler aldermen (i. 351).

(170) Bureller: LBA fo. 102r, Fulk de St. Edmund, ‘buriler’, elected sheriff 1289. Bureller = maker of burel (coarse woollen cloth; see OED s.v. Burel, 1, and also LBB, 20 n. 1).

(171) See n. to 1288–9.

(172) See n. to Ralph de Sandwich, warden 1284–5.

(173) Corder: Williams, 157–8; roper: Nightingale, 88; perhaps corder: Ekwall, 164, no. 35.

(174) Hughes, 201, lists both le Bole and Russell as appointed 27 May 1293 by the chancellor of the Exchequer; but LBC, fo. 4v records their election in September 1392. Both Stow, Survey, ii. 160, and Beaven, i. 377 also list both as sheriffs 1292–3.

(175) LBF, fo. 232r (under anno 15) states that Sandwich’s wardenship ceased on 12 June 1294; and Stow, Survey, ii. 160–1 lists Sandwich as warden for 1292–3 and 1293–4 (with a note incorrectly citing LBF for le Breton as becoming warden on 11 June 1294). But elsewhere (see LBF, fo. 232r under anno 21, and LBF, 282 n. 5) the ending year given for Sandwich is 21 Edward I [20 Nov. 1292–19 Nov. 1293]; and in LBA le Breton is named as warden in all of late June 1293, July 1293, and March 1294 (fos. 87v, 88r, 96v). (The CLRO handlist of mayors also gives le Breton as warden 1293–8.)

(176) See n. to 1288–9.

(177) See n. to end-of-term date for Ralph de Sandwich, warden 1292–3.

(178) See n. to end-of-term date for Ralph de Sandwich, warden 1292–3.

(179) Son of Robert de Rokesle, sheriff 1284–5 (see Ekwall, 167, no.68).

(180) Goldsmith: LBA, fo. 102r.

(181) Perhaps a timber merchant: Ekwall, 198, no.53.

(182) Draper: Beaven, ii. 227 (in the Addenda and Corrigenda, for i. 378).

(183) Skinner: Ekwall, 170 no. 14.

(184) According to LBB, fo. 93r (and Liber Albus, 16), the king and his council granted to London on 9 Apr. 1298 the election of the mayoralty; and Henry le Waleys was elected mayor on 11 Apr., presented to the king at Fulham on 16 Apr., and sworn at Westminster on 17 Apr. Sharpe (LBB, 212 n. 2) says that the charter of restitution of the city’s liberties is dated 11 April 1298, and correctly notes (213 n. 1) that LBC, fo. 24v shows the king’s writ to the barons of the Exchequer, notifying them of the restitution, as dated 28 May 1298 from York, with le Waleys elected and presented to the king at Fulham the following day. See also LBB, 217 and n. 1; and the writ here (LBB, fo. 94r) is said to have been sent to the Exchequer in June.

(185) Pepperer: Ekwall, 176 no. 6.

(186) He apparently died in 1298: see Hughes, 201, and HW i. 134–5. If so, it was presumably late in 1298, as he is not included in Beaven’s list (ii. p. xxxix) of sheriffs who died in office.

(187) Fishmonger: Mayors and Sheriffs, Additions, 220; see also Annales Paulini, 304. (CEMCR’s index provides two separate lines for this name, as though possibly concerning two individuals, one line specifying fishmonger and the other specifying sheriff; Ekwall, 149 no. 35 uses CEMCR.)

(188) Corder: Ekwall, 164 no. 38.

(189) Skinner: LBA, fo. 101r and LBC, fo. 62v.

(190) Beaven, ii. 227 notes that Lincoln is called a vintner in the Liber de Antiquis Legibus; see Mayors and Sheriffs, 222.

(191) Roper: see Nightingale, 120; woolman: see Ekwall, 165 no. 45.

(192) A Reginald de Thunderle, wealthy ‘immigrant draper,’ is mentioned by Williams, 113 but without further identification; see also Ekwall, 167 no. 67.

(193) Liber Custumarum, 73, names a ‘Galfridus de Conductu, taverner’ (1295–6), and Williams, 125, writes about a major vintner of this name; in neither case, however, is a term as sheriff noted.

(194) William de Basinge: LBC, index; W. Basing in Stow, Survey, ii. 162.

(195) Woolstapler: Mayors and Sheriffs, 213; see also Williams, 338. (woolmonger).

(196) Draper: Mayors and Sheriffs, 213, Ekwall, 168 no. 81.

(197) Beaven, ii. 227 corrects his i. 381 listing of this name as de Palmer.

(198) Skinner: Beaven, i. 381; blader: Mayors and Sheriffs, 213.

(199) Bureller: Mayors and Sheriffs, 213. Son of Fulk de St. Edmund (Annales Londonienses, 158 [the 1289–90 sheriff?]).

(200) Draper: A Chronicle, 43; woolmonger: Mayors and Sheriffs, 214.

(201) LBD, fo. 2v.

(202) See LBD, fo. 2v for Cambridge’s name, company, and 3 Aug. date of appointment; his name is also given in Stow, Survey, ii. 162 n. 4.

(203) Bureller: Mayors and Sheriffs, 213.

(204) Draper and hosier: Ekwall, 179 no. 45.

(205) Draper and hosier: Ekwall, 179 no. 45.

(206) LBD, fo. 3r; Beaven, ii. p. xxxix says 28 Dec.

(207) An Adam Lutkin is footnoted in CEMCR, 63 n. 1 as mentioned in the Letter Books as a blader or cornmonger, but there is no Adam Lutkin in indexes to LBA–C, and the indexed Adam Lutkin in the LBD–E. is not identified by company.

(208) Elected Wed. 3 Jan. 1313, Westminster 20 Jan. (LBD, fo. 3r).

(209) Goldsmith: LBD, fo. 3v.

(210) Fishmonger: Beaven, i. 380. Stow, Survey, ii. 163–4, lists him as a pepperer when he is mayor in 1319–20 (see also Fabyan, 424 n. 1), 1321–2 to 1326–7 (in 1326 only), 1327–8 (see also Fabyan, 439 n. 2); but Nightingale (see 614, Index) calls him a fishmonger, and see also Ekwall, 332 no.1, and Annales Londonienses, 232.

(211) Vintner: LBD, fo. 4r.

(212) Clerk and lawyer: Ekwall, 222 no. 1.

(213) Pepperer: Nightingale, 137.

(214) John Priour Senior: LBD, fo. 5r.

(215) Pepperer: LBD, fo. 5r (William de Fourneys); Stow, Survey, ii. 163, lists W. Furneis and no company identification.

(216) Mercer: Ekwall, 275 no. 90. A John de Dallynges is also listed among other mercers c.1328 in LBE, fo. 190r. Beaven, i. 266 lists a John de Dallyng, mercer, as a representative of London in Parliament 1340 (and, i. 286, as dying in 1349: see HW i. 618): possibly a son of the 1318–19 sheriff (see Ekwall).

(217) See n. to Hamo de Chigwell, sheriff 1314–15.

(218) See n. to John de Prestone, mayor 1332–3.

(219) See LBE, 214 n. 1. The city was taken into the king’s hand.

(220) William Prodhomme, fishmonger: LBD, fo. 6r; Stow, Survey, ii. 153 lists W. Produn. A William Prodomme is also listed among other fishmongers c.1328 in LBE, fo. 190r; and see also Ekwall, 332 no. 2.

(221) For Kendale’s name and appointment, see LBE 214 n. 1. In May 1321 the city recovered its liberties.

(222) See n. to Hamo de Chigwell sheriff, 1314–15.

(223) For Chigwell’s name and election see LBE 214 n. 1.

(224) Woolmonger: Beaven, i. 382. Fishmonger: Stow, Survey, i. 209 (probably confusing this Richard de Hakeneie with an earlier fishmonger one, for whom see Ekwall, 148 no. 22).

(225) LBD, fo. 6v. Removed by the king.

(226) Fishmonger: Mayors and Sheriffs, 210; French Chronicle, 256; Annales Paulini, 304. Both a Robert de Ely and a Roger de Ely are listed among other fishmongers c.1328 in LBE, fo. 190r, but no Richard.

(227) See LBD, fo. 6v for Farndone’s appointment by the king.

(228) See LBD, fo. 6v, and LBE, 214 n. 1. Removed by the king.

(229) See n. to Hamo de Chigwell, sheriff 1314–15.

(230) Admitted Westminster Wed. 7 Dec. 1323; see LBD, fo. 6v, LBE, fo. 148r, and LBE, 214 n. 1. LBE, fo. 148r states the date of the appointment Letters Patent as 29 Nov.

(231) According to LBD, fo. 6v, John de Caustone was originally elected but did not take up the election, and on 29 Sept. Alan Gille was elected and sworn in his place, and admitted at Westminster on Mon. 1 Oct. But on 29 Oct. Caustone, who had been stripped of the freedom of the city and of his aldermanship, asked to be reinstated, and replaced Gille; Caustone was elected and sworn 29 Oct. at the Guildhall, and admitted 30 Oct. at Westminster. (Beaven mentions Gille and his election situation, ii. xxxii.) An Alan Gille is listed among other bladers c.1328 in LBE, fo. 90v; and see also Ekwall, 329 no. 27, although he says nothing about his listed Alan Gille (blader/cornmonger) as having been sheriff.

(232) Fishmonger: Mayors and Sheriffs, 210; stockfishmonger: Ekwall, 212 no. 16.

(233) A writ of 6 Nov. 1326 restored the mayoralty to the city and called for an election within eight days: LBE, fo. 171r.

(234) Wool exporter: Ekwall, 313 no. 102.

(235) Beaven, i. 382 n. 7c, says he was a pepperer in 1316, and so lists him as such (but as a goldsmith at i. 343, though see also i. 411); but Stow, Survey, ii. 164 lists him as a goldsmith—as which, Beaven says, he is generally described. For pepperer see Nightingale (Richard de Bethune), e.g. 121 (and see index).

(236) LBE, 214 n. 1.

(237) See n. to Hamo de Chigwell, sheriff 1314–15.

(238) Mayor’s choice: CPMR 1323–64, 69.

(239) A Thomas de Horewold is listed as a grocer, with one other, c.1328 in LBE, fo. 190r. See also Nightingale, 176, 197, and 161 n. 2.

(240) Stow, Survey, ii. 164 calls him a draper (as also does Fabyan, 442 n. 2), and LBF, fo. 232v, a girdler. Beaven, i. 357 provides a lengthy footnote pointing out that there were two John de Prestones contemporary with one another, one a corder and one a girdler, and argues convincingly for the mayor [and sheriff in 1319–20] as the corder. See also Nightingale, 186 and 205 (roper).

(241) Skinner: LBF, fo. 232v.

(242) Cornmonger: Ekwall, 270 no. 33. (A John Husebonde is listed among other bladers c.1328 in LBE, fo. 190v.)

(243) Fishmonger?: see Beaven, i. 266 and 286. A William Haunsard is also listed among other fishmongers c.1328 in LBE, fo. 190r; and see Ekwall, 344 no. 9.

(244) Stow, Survey, ii. 165 lists John Clarke but footnotes name alternatives as John le Clerk of North halle and John de Northalle.

(245) Stow, Survey, ii. 165 has bladesmith, but corrects this to blader on ii. 385, and has blader on i. 245 and 249. See Stow, Survey’s nn. at ii. 325 and 385.

(246) Butcher: Ekwall, 327 no. 169.

(247) Perhaps a draper. A Hugh le Marberer, draper, in 1337 along with other Londoners lent a very large sum of money to the city for presents to royalty etc.; see LBF, fo. 4v.

(248) Mayor’s choice: CPMR 1323–64, 129.

(249) Stockfishmonger: see Beaven, i. 286 and 266.

(250) LBF, fo. 60v. Beaven, i. 383 has 17 June; but LBF’s date is Tues. the morrow of St. Botolph, not the feast day itself (17 June). See also LBF, 285 n. 4, and Stow, Survey, ii. 165 n. 9.

(251) Corder (?pepperer): Beaven, i. 386; for pepperer see also French Chronicle, 289. Nightingale (spelling his name Rokesley) states (p. 89) that he remained a roper although several other ropers joined with the pepperers in the 1340s.

(252) Elected Tues. 18 June 1342, Westminster [Wed.] 19 June (LBF, fo. 60v).

(253) See also n. to John Lovekyn, mayor 1358–9 for a pepperer association.

(254) Richard Leget in Stow, Survey, ii. 165.

(255) A well-off Edmund de Hemenhale, mercer, died in 1348, HW i. 608).

(256) Stockfishmonger: Beaven, i. 386; fishmonger: Stow, Survey, ii. 166; stockfishmonger: LBF, fo. 233r. See also n. to John Lovekyn, mayor 1358–9, for a pepperer association, and also (for this year) Fabyan, 460 n. 2.

(257) William de Worcestre, LBF, fo. 233r; W. Worcester in Stow, Survey, ii. 166.

(258) Goldsmith: LBF, fo. 233r. A Gilbert de Steyndrop is also listed as a Goldsmiths’ warden in 1342–3 and 1350–1 (Goldsmiths’ MS 1518, 6 and 9).

(259) Nightingale states (see e.g. 205) that he began as a roper.

(260) Stockfishmonger: Beaven, i. 386 and (for this year) Stow, Survey, ii. 167; LBF fo. 233r, however, lists Lovekyn in this year as a pepperer, though in 1348 as a stockfishmonger. Fabyan, 468 n. 2 has grocer (i.e. pepperer). Nightingale, 221, suggests a possible association with the grocers/pepperers. Stockfishmonger in HW, ii. 117–18.

(261) Draper: LBF, fo. 233r.

(262) Or Simon de Bedyngton: see Beaven, i. 286, where Beaven also states the correct form to be ‘almost certainly’ Benyngton.

(263) Draper: LBF, fo. 233r; also Beaven, i. 267 (Simon de Bedyngton; see also i. 286).

(264) Ironmonger: LBF, fo. 233r.

(265) Goldsmith: LBF, fo. 233r; and see Beaven, i. 286 and 267. Company warden in 1345–6, 1349–50, 1353–4, 1359–60 (Goldsmiths’ MS 1518, 7, 9, 11, 23).

(266) Adam de Bury was removed from office 28 Jan. 1366 by the king. See LBG, fo. 175r; also LBF, fo. 233r.

(267) Stockfishmonger: Beaven, i. 386. Fishmonger: Stow, Survey, ii. 167. See also n. to John Lovekyn, mayor 1358–9, for a pepperer association.

(268) Elected 28 Jan. 1366 (LBG, fo. 175r; also LBF, fo. 233r [though identifying Lovekyn as a pepperer]).

(269) Fishmonger: Beaven, i. 389. Mercer: LBF, fo. 233r.

(270) Ironmonger: Stow, Survey, i. 281.

(271) There is an Adam (de) Wymondham, mercer, in CPMR 1323–64, 259 (1362) and CPMR 1364–81, 76 (1367).

(272) Grocer: Beaven i. 390; but Nightingale, 184, states that, although closely associated with the grocers, Philipot never became a company member. Fishmonger: see HW ii. 275 n. 1.

(273) Grocer: Beaven, i. 225, though not in his chronological listing, i. 389. A John Aubrey is listed in Grocers’ GL, MS 11570, 45, as a company member in 1373; his name has subsequently been crossed out, as have others in the same list (largely marked as dead), but the deletion date is unknown. Beaven, i. 389, records the sheriff Aubrey as alderman 1370–7 and as dying c.Dec. 1380. The next list of company members in GL, MS 11570 is dated 1383 and no Aubrey is included. Nightingale (see e.g. 231–2) discusses a grocer John Aubrey who sought election as an alderman in 1370, though she does not mention any term for him as sheriff. A John Aubrey is listed as a pepperer, and as a cordwainer, in CPMR 1364–81, 71 (1367), 200 (1375).

(274) Fishmonger: Beaven, i. 389; Stockfishmonger: LBF, fo. 233v.

(275) Vintner: Beaven, i. 390, though he puts Lyons among the goldsmiths at i. 343.

(276) See n. to John de Northampton, mayor 1382–3.

(277) Stable was discharged 21 March 1377 by the king; see LBH, fo. 59r and LBF, fo. 233v.

(278) Elected and sworn, Guildhall and Tower, Sat. 21 March 1377 (LBH, fo. 59r; see also LBF, fo. 233v).

(279) See n. to John Philipot, sheriff 1372–3.

(280) Fishmonger: Beaven, i. 389. Stockfishmonger: LBF, fo. 233v.

(281) See n. to John de Northampton, mayor 1382–3.

(282) Draper: Beaven, i. 391. Draper or skinner: Stow, Survey, ii. 168 (though not given for the 1381–2 mayoralty)

(283) Fishmonger: Beaven, i. 397. Goldsmith: LBF, fo. 233v; fishmonger: HW, ii. 352 n. 2.

(284) Fishmonger: Beaven, i. 397. Goldsmith: LBF, fo. 233v; fishmonger: HW, ii. 352 n. 2.

(285) William Staman: Hughes, 202.

(286) All three originally elected officers—Heende, Shadworth, and Vanner—were deprived of office 25 June 1392 and imprisoned for a short time: see LBF, fo. 233v, LBH, fo. 270v, LBF, 289–90 and n. 2, and Beaven, i. 401. Appointed by the king in their places were sheriffs Gilbert Maghfeld and Thomas Newenton (Letters Patent 25 June, sworn 1 July: LBH, fo. 270v) and, as warden, first Edward Dalyngregge (Letters Patent 25 June, sworn 1 July: LBH, fo. 270v), and then Baldwin de Radyngton (Letters Patent 22 July: LBH, fo. 273v). See also LBF, fo. 233v. According to LBH, 379, n. 1 (citing Higden, i.e. monk of Westminster), during the interval between the removal of Heende and the appointment of Dalyngregge, the city was ruled by William Staundon.

(287) LBH, fo. 314r.

(288) Appointed 8 June by Letters Patent; see LBH, fo. 314r.

(289) Not the same individual as the 1389–90 mayor: see e.g. Beaven, i. 338.

(290) John in Stow, Survey, ii. 170, but William in Beaven, ii. 2, and in Skinners’ GL, MS 31692 fo. 4r.

(291) Beaven, i. 234 notes that Merlawe appears to have been both an ironmonger and a fishmonger (and incorrectly states that he is described as an ironmonger in the LBI notice [fo. 204] of his election to the mayoralty in 1417). Merlawe is an ironmonger as both sheriff and (twice) mayor in LBF, fo. 234; and see HW, ii. 428–9.

(292) Grocer: Beaven, ii. 4. Mercer: Stow, Survey, ii. 171; but grocer: Stow, Survey, i. 252. See also Grocers’ GL MS 11570, 102 (the company pays for minstrels for the oath-taking of Halton as a grocer sheriff).

(293) Skinner: A Chronicle, 91; and a Thomas Duk, skinner, died 1411, HW ii. 429.

(294) See n. to Richard Merlawe, sheriff 1402–3.

(295) William in Stow, Survey, ii. 171.

(296) Fishmonger: Beaven, ii. 5; identified as an ironmonger in 1433 in LBK, fo. 127, as noted by Beaven, ii. 229; fishmonger in LBF, fo. 234r. (Cf. Richard Merlawe, sheriff 1402–3, mayor 1409–10 and 1417–18.)

(297) Grocer: Beaven, ii. 4. Nightingale, 344, records that Sevenoke originally went through his apprenticeship to, and became free as, an ironmonger. See also n. to John Michell, sheriff 1414–15.

(298) Grocer: LBI, fo. 126r; and see also the Grocers’ GL MS 11570, 111 and 112 (the company pays for minstrels for a grocer sheriff). See also Beaven, i. 287 and 270, and the Grocers’ GL MS 11592A (Admissions) under 1383, Jankyn Sutton. (Stow, Survey, i. 305 has goldsmith.) Sutton was a company warden in 1406–7: see the Grocers’ GL MS 11570, 102.

(299) Vintner: LBI, fo. 126r. A. Crawford, A History of the Vintners’ Company (London, 1977), 35–6, also mentions a prominent early fifteenth-century vintner of this name; and see also CPMR 1413–37, 9 (1413), for a John Micholl, vintner.

(300) Stockfishmonger: Beaven, ii. 4. Grocer: LBI, fo. 135r (as sheriff 1414–15); fishmonger: LBF, fo. 234r (as mayor 1424–5, 1436–7) and Stow, Survey, ii. 172 and 173 (as mayor 1424–5, 1436–7). Beaven, ii. 4 n. 7 cites his own Notes & Queries article on the company concerned: S.10, 12 (6 Nov. 1909), 361–2. Nightingale states (see 379–381) that all three of John Michell (fishmonger), William Sevenoke (ironmonger) and William Cauntbrigge (ironmonger) became grocers, that Cauntbrigge called himself both ironmonger and grocer, and that Michell eventually chose the fishmongers over the grocers.

(301) See n. to John Michell, sheriff 1414–15.

(302) See n. to Richard Merlawe, sheriff 1402–3.

(303) For Read’s first name see LBI, fo. 203v and also LBF, fo. 234r; Stow, Survey, ii. 171, lists H. Read.

(304) Armourer: see LBI, fo. 203v and also LBF, fo. 234r.

(305) Grocer: Beaven, ii. 4. See n. to John Michell, sheriff 1414–15.

(306) Fishmonger: LBI, fo. 220r; see also Beaven, i. 287 and 270.

(307) LBI, fo. 220r. He was drowned in the Thames, supposedly as he went to relieve himself; see Chronicles of London, ed. C. L. Kingsford (Oxford, 1905), 297–8.

(308) Elected Tues. 11 Oct. 1418, sworn Guildhall and to Westminster Wed. 12 Oct. (LBI, fo. 220r–v).

(309) Beaven, ii. 6 n. 12 notes that another John Boteler, draper, became sheriff in 1420 (but was never an alderman).

(310) Grocer: Beaven, ii. 5. See n. to John Michell, sheriff 1414–15.

(311) Draper: see Beaven, ii. 6 n. 12; also Stow, Survey, i. 235, and LBI, fo. 254r, and CPMR 1413–37, 109 (draper and sheriff, 1421). A John Botiller appears in the early parts of the Drapers’ earliest extant accounts, Drapers’ MS +140.

(312) Draper: LBI, fo. 270r (John Weston); see also Beaven, i. 287 and 270. A William Weston appears frequently, as a warden and otherwise, in Drapers’ MS +140.

(313) Beaven, ii. 229 corrects his ii. 6 designation of ironmonger (a designation also given in Stow, Survey, i. 207 and in LBK, fo. 9r).

(314) See n. to John Michell, sheriff 1414–15.

(315) John Arnold in Stow, Survey, ii. 172; but Robert Arnold, grocer, in LBK, fo. 39v; Robert Arnold in Jor. 2, fo. 84r. A Chronicle, 115, also has Robert Arnold, though identifying his company as the haberdashers. Nightingale, 359, calls Arnold originally a haberdasher and forced to become a grocer. The grocers pay ‘diuersez costages’ in respect to him during their 1426–7 accounting year (Grocers’ GL MS 11570, 162), i.e. during the year he was sheriff, and he is listed (175) as a member of the livery in 1428. See also Grocers’ (20th century) GL MS 11592A (Admissions) under 1426, Robert Arnold.

(316) See n. to John Reynwell, sheriff 1411–12.

(317) Draper: LBK, fo. 39v; see also Beaven, i. 287 and 271. A John Higham appears, as a warden and otherwise, in the Drapers’ earliest extant accounts, Drapers’ MS +140, passim.

(318) Beaven corrects to Dufhous at ii. 218 his previous spelling (i. 90) of Dufthons, and uses ‘Dufthous (or Dufhous)’ in his index.

(319) Fishmonger: LBK, fo. 55v.

(320) Mercer: LBK, fo. 55v. See also Mercers’ MS Wardens’ Accounts 1347–1464, fos. 98v and 100r (the Mercers receive and pay money for Abbot as a mercer sheriff). See also Beaven, i. 287 and 271.

(321) Draper: Stow, Survey, i. 253; but see Merchant Taylors’ GL MS 34048/1 fo. 211r (expenses for a tailor sheriff in 1429). For Holland’s membership in both companies see C. Barron, ‘Ralph Holland and the London Radicals, 1438–1444’, in R. Holt and G. Rosser (eds.), The Medieval Town: A Reader in English Urban History 1200–1540 (London, 1990), 162–3. His name appears a number of times in the Drapers’ earliest extant accounts, Drapers’ MS +140, passim.

(322) Draper: Stow, Survey, ii. 173; and a Walter Chertsey, draper, also appears in the early parts of the Drapers’ earliest extant accounts, Drapers’ MS +140, and in CPMR 1413–37, 102 (1421), 145 (1422), 171 (1424), 260 (1431), 276–77 (1435).

(323) See Drapers’ MS +140 fos. A1r, D2v, G1v, and G2v (the company pays oath-taking expenses for Lynge as a draper sheriff).

(324) See n. to John Michell, sheriff 1414–15.

(325) Fishmonger: LBK fo. 162v. Draper: A Chronicle, 123, but not found in Drapers’ MS +140 (earliest extant accounts). A Thomas Morsted, fishmonger, is in CPMR 1437–57, 160 (1438).

(326) Mercer: LBK, fo. 171r; see also Mercers’ MS Wardens’ Account 1347–1464, fos. 127r and 130r (the mercers are receiving and paying money for Hales as a mercer sheriff).

(327) LBK, fo. 171r has draper; but the Merchant Taylors pay for minstrels this year at the sheriffs’ oath-taking. A William Chapman was master of the tailors 1428–9 (see Merchant Taylors’ GL MS 34048/1 fo. 191v); and no William Chapman is listed in the Drapers’ earliest set of wardens’ accounts running c.1413–41 (Drapers’ MS +140). Chapman was probably a tailor only, though possibly he was connected also with the drapers; see n. to Ralph Holland, sheriff 1429–30, and cf. John Derby, sheriff 1445–6.

(328) Mercer: Jor. 3, fo. 171v; also Mercers’ MS Wardens’ Account 1347–1464, fos. 131r and 133v (the mercers are receiving and paying money for Dyke as a mercer sheriff). Beaven, i. 145, lists a Hugh Dyke, mercer, as a nominee for alderman in 1437.

(329) Grocer: LBK, fo. 178v; see also Grocers’ GL MS 11570, 238, 258 and 260 (the Grocers receive and pay money for Marshal as a grocer sheriff).

(330) Mercer: Stow, Survey, i. 110, 275; also Mercers’ MS Wardens’ Account 1347–1464 fos. 139v–140r (the mercers receive and pay money for Rich as a mercer sheriff), although Rich’s mercer identity has been deleted in LBK, fo. 197v.

(331) Salter: HW ii. 533.

(332) Tailor: see Merchant Taylors’ GL MS 34048/1 fos. 358r and 365v (the company is receiving and paying money for the oath-taking of a tailor sheriff).

(333) Nightingale, e.g. 453, describes him as also a grocer.

(334) Beaven, i. 330 n.2, notes that Derby is described in his will (1479) as a draper [HW, ii. 579–80] but that he appears to be identical to the John Derby who was master of the tailors and linen armourers in 1461–2. See also Beaven, i. 82 and 345, and ii. 9. In LBK, fo. 283v, Derby is identified as a draper, and also in Drapers’ MS +140, passim. Barron (see n. to Ralph Holland, sheriff 1429–30) cites Derby (162 n. 8) as unusually both a draper and a tailor. Cf. 1429–30 Holland and 1437–8 Chapman.

(335) Beaven, ii. 9 n. 14, corrects his brewer designation of i. 56, 329 (which he calls 330).

(336) William Aulyn: Hughes, 203.

(337) Pewterer: suggested by Beaven, ii. 164 and 229. A William Dere is included in the first quarterage payment list in the Pewterers’ GL MS 7086/1 fo. 14v, for 1456–7, but his name has been crossed out and does not appear in subsequent quarterage lists, the next two being on fo. 18v (for 1458–9) and fo. 21r (for 1459–60). Beaven lists sheriff William Dere as an alderman 1451–6, with a will dated June 1459 and proved February 1464.

(338) Thomas Cook, Junior: LBK, fo. 274r.

(339) See n. to Stephen Forster sheriff 1444–5.

(340) Stockfishmonger: Beaven, ii. 11. Fishmonger: LBK, fo. 278v.

(341) Chandler: Caroline Barron, personal card file at CLRO. A John Steward was master of the Tallow Chandlers in June 1467 and in Dec. 1472 (see R. Monier-Williams, The Tallow Chandlers of London, 4 vols. (London, 1973), iii. 53), and was also a company benefactor; and for a John Styward, chandler, in an Oct. 1455 entry see Jor. 5, fo. 267v, and also (1460) CPMR 1458–82, 155 (tallow chandler).

(342) Godfrey in Stow, Survey, ii. 175.

(343) Goldsmith: Jor. 6, fo. 177v. A Thomas Reyner the elder was a Goldsmiths’ warden in 1455–6, 1460–1, and 1464–5 (Goldsmiths’ MS 1520, 67, 83, 97), and in several earlier years as well, and a Thomas Rayner the younger, in 1459–60 (Goldsmiths’ MS 1520, 79).

(344) Mercer: Mercers’ MS Wardens’ Accounts 1347–1464, fos. 193v and 194r (the Mercers are receiving and paying money for Nedeham as a mercer sheriff). See also Beaven, i. 288 and 272.

(345) Nightingale, 499 and 534, states that his original name was John Leynham.

(346) Mercer: Beaven, ii. 12. Vintner: LBL, fo. 5v, but for mercer see also Jor. 6, fo. 21r, and Mercers’ MS Wardens’ Accounts 1347–1464, fos. 201v and 202r (the mercers receive and pay money for Lok as a mercer sheriff).

(347) Mercer: Jor. 7, fo. 39r; see also Mercers’ MS Wardens’ Account 1347–1464, fos. 207v and 208r [my count; leaves are unfoliated] (the mercers are receiving and paying money for Muschampe as a mercer sheriff).

(348) Tailor: LBL, fo. 33v; see also Davies, 57 n. 38. See also Beaven: the aldermanic nominee sheriff J. Stone (i. 138 and 154) is presumably the same as the aldermanic nominee John Stone, tailor (i. 231)

(349) Fuller: LBL, fo. 46v.

(350) LBL, fo. 52r and LBF, fo. 234v; Beaven, ii. p. xxxix; Jor. 7 fo. 150r (died at dawn 20 June).

(351) Elected Sat. 20 June 1467, Westminster Mon. 22 June (LBL, fo. 52r). LBF, fo. 234v gives the Westminster date as 21 June.

(352) Nicholas Marchall (ironmonger) is listed as sheriff 1467–8 by Beaven, ii. 12, but is not named as sheriff in any of Stow, Survey, Hughes, LBL, or Jor. 7. In the Ironmongers’ mid-fifteenth-century accounts (in GL, MS 16988/1) he is a prominent company member, and a warden in both 1455–8 and the early 1460s. The accounts contain no reference to him as sheriff and no unusual expenses such as might be made for a company sheriff. Beaven, ii. 12–13 also lists both Hayford and Stalbrook as sheriffs, 1467–8.

(353) See Grocers’ GL MS 11570A, 29 (money received for sheriff’s minstrels), and GL MS 11571/2, e.g. fos. 150r, 172r–173r. (On both fos. 172v and 180r, GL MS 11571/2, he is called ‘Symkyn’ Smith, and also when a company warden in 1461–2, see fo. 2r.)

(354) Willey in Stow, Survey, ii. 176.

(355) Goldsmith: LBL, fo. 77v and LBF, fo. 234v. See also Goldsmiths’ MS 1520, 155 col. b (costs relating to a company member being sheriff at Midsummer 1472), and 177 and 201 (Aleyn as a goldsmith).

(356) Mercer: LBL, fo. 77v and LBF, fo. 234v; also Mercers’ MS Acts of Court, 1, fo. 26r.

(357) Ironmonger: LBL, fo. 136r; see also the Ironmongers’ GL MS 16988/1 fo. 41v (the company pays the oath-taking costs of Byfeld as an ironmonger sheriff) and fo. 42r–v. See also Beaven, i. 199, 190, 154.

(358) Dyer: LBL, fo. 156r and LBF, fo. 234v.

(359) Beaven, ii. 16.

(360) LBL, fo. 168v and LBF, fo. 234v. Elected and sworn Sat. 20 Oct. 1481, Westminster Mon. 22 Oct. (LBL, fo.168v).

(361) Beaven, ii. 15.

(362) Beaven, ii. 17. Apparently not replaced. Beaven does not include him in his list (ii. xxxix) of sheriffs who died in office. LBL, fo. 212r–v has Breteyn at common council on 23 Sept. and absent from 24 Sept.

(363) Beaven, ii. 17.

(364) Beaven, ii. 14. Elected and sworn Guildhall [Sat.] 24 Sept. 1485, Tower Mon. 26 Sept. (LBL, fo. 212v).

(365) Elected and sworn Guildhall [Thurs.] 29 Sept. 1485, Westminster [Fri.] 30 Sept.—with sheriffs (LBL, fos. 212v–213r).

(366) Elected Mon. 7 Feb. 1485, sworn Guildhall Thurs. 10 Feb., Westminster Fri. 11 Feb. (LBL, fo. 203r).

(367) Beaven, ii. 18.

(368) Elected and sworn Guildhall Thurs. 24 Feb. 1491, Tower Wed. 2 March (LBL, fo. 283v).

(369) Not William Browne, mercer, sheriff 1504–5, mayor 1513–14. See Beaven, ii. 20 and 21.

(370) He was translated to the grocers in 1503 (Beaven, ii. 20).

(371) Haberdasher: LBL fo. 316v.

(372) Thomas Brond in Stow, Survey, ii. 179, but referred to by Beaven (ii. p. xxxvii) as Richard Bronde; also Richard Bronde in LBF, fo. 235r; Richard Brande in LBM, fo. 18v, in Jor. 10 fo. 163r, and in Hughes.

(373) Fishmonger: LBM, fo. 18v (Richard Brande).

(374) Ironmonger: LBM, fo. 34v; also LBF, fo. 235r; and the Ironmongers’ GL MS 16988/1, fos. 86v–87v identifies him as sheriff 1501–2 and records the various costs of having a company member as sheriff. Beaven, i. 91, lists a Henry Hede, ironmonger, as an aldermanic nominee (and also i. 35, H. Hede).

(375) Draper: LBM, fo. 78v; also LBF, fo. 235r; and see Beaven, i. 199, 3, 109. The Drapers pay for trumpeters (and their hats etc.) for him as a draper sheriff (Drapers’ MS + 403 fo. 77r); and he was a company warden in 1494–5 (fo. 58v).

(376) LBM, f. 82v. LBF, fo. 235r gives 9 Nov.

(377) Elected and sworn Guildhall Sat. 11 Nov. 1503 (LBM, fo. 82v), Westminster [Mon.] 13 Nov. (Raphael Holinshed, Chronicles of England, Scotland, and Ireland, [ed. Henry Ellis], 6 vols. [London, 1807–8], iii. 531).

(378) Not William Browne, mercer, sheriff 1491–2, mayor 1507–8. See Beaven, ii. 20 and 21.

(379) In this year Robert Johnson, goldsmith, was elected sheriff, along with Copynger (the mayor’s choice: Jor. 10, fo. 364v), but the king refused to admit Johnson. See Stow, Survey, ii. 179 (Thomas Johnson) n. 2. Johnson appears, however, in the Stow, Survey, main listings; and Beaven, ii. 21 lists him as sheriff in 1506. LBM’s entry for the election of sheriffs in 1506 (fo. 124r) is unfinished. The Mercers’ MS Acts of Court, 1, records (fo. 137v, assembly of 8 Oct.) the dismissal of Johnson and the admitting of William Fitz William, who is listed by Beaven (ii. 21) as sheriff 1506–7.

(380) Not William Browne, mercer, sheriff 1504–5 and mayor 1513–4. See Beaven, ii. 20 and 21.

(381) Beaven, ii. 20.

(382) Merchant Taylor: LBM, fo. 133v; also LBF, fo. 235r. Probably the John Kirkby, merchant taylor, mentioned in Stow, Survey, i. 145 as a sheriff but without a date given. See also Beaven, i. 91, 155, and Davies, e.g. 295.

(383) Elected and sworn Guildhall Mon. 27 March 1508, Tower Wed. 29 March (LBM, fo. 142r).

(384) Merchant Taylor: LBM fo.146v; also LBF fo. 235v; and this Smyth is also presumably the Richard Smyth, merchant taylor, listed as an aldermanic nominee in Beaven, i. 218. See Davies, e.g. 301.

(385) Beaven, ii. 20.

(386) Merchant Taylor: LBM, fo. 163r; also LBF, fo. 235v, and Stow, Survey, i. 351. See Davies, 288–9.

(387) Elected [Sat.] 12 Jan. 1510 (LBM, fos. 166v–167v).

(388) Beaven, ii. 21.

(389) Elected [Tues.] 8 Feb. 1513 (LBM, fo. 202r).

(390) John Bridges: Stow, Survey, ii. 180 (alternate spellings of Brugges and Bruge also given). But Stow, Survey, ii. 181, uses Brugge when the same individual becomes mayor in 1520.

(391) Not William Browne, mercer, sheriff 1491–2, mayor 1507–8. See Beaven, ii. 20 and 21.

(392) Beaven, ii. 21.

(393) Beaven, ii. 23. LBF, fo. 235v gives 14 June 1514.

(394) Elected [Tues.] 6 June 1514 (LBM, fo. 221r).

(395) Elected Fri. 16 June 1514 (LBF, fo. 235v).

(396) LBM, fo. 255v, and Beaven, ii. p. xxxix.

(397) Elected Mon. 22 Oct. 1515, sworn Guildhall Sat. 27 Oct., Westminster Mon. 29 Oct.—with mayor (LBM, fo. 255v and LBF, fo. 235v; Rep. 3, fos. 52v–53r, 55r).

(398) Formerly a broiderer, Thurston was translated to the Goldsmiths 30 Aug. 1515 (see Beaven, ii. 23).

(399) Merchant Taylor: LBN, fo. 171r, LBF, fo. 236r.

(400) Formerly a brewer, translated to the Mercers 7 Nov. 1521 (Beaven, ii. 25).

(401) Michael Wormer: Hughes, 204.

(402) See n. to Ralph Dodmer, sheriff 1524–5.

(403) Choppyn was later (20 June 1532) translated to the grocers (Beaven, ii. 27).

(404) Clothworker: LBO, fo. 232v; also Clothworkers’ MS Wardens’ Accounts, 1, fo. 4v of no. 10 (company receipts and expenses at Midsummer because a company member is sheriff).

(405) Mercer: LBO, fo. 263v; see also Mercers’ MS Acts of Court, 2, fos. 48v 53v (the company is attending its own member as sheriff).

(406) Butcher: LBO, fo. 263v; a prominent early sixteenth-century member of the company, see P. E. Jones, The Butchers of London (London, 1976), 144.

(407) LBP, fo. 6v.

(408) Butcher: LBP, fo. 6v; see also LBF, fos. 48r 236r, and Stow, Survey, i. 246.

(409) Elected [Wed.] 12 March, sworn Guildhall and to Tower Wed. 12 or 19 Mar. (LBP, fo. 6v, Jor. 13 fo. 365v); died Sept. (LBP, fo. 22v), by 16 Sept. (Rep. 9, fo. 25r).

(410) Grocer: LBP, fo. 22v. A John Preest is listed as three times a warden of the company (1526, 1534, 1537) in List of the Wardens of the Grocers’ Company from 1345 to 1907 (London: [Grocers’ Company,] 1907); see e.g. Grocers’ GL MS 11571/4 fo. 233v (Preest as warden in 1526–7). The Grocers’ accounts for 1533–4 (Preest’s year as sheriff) are missing in the company’s series (GL MS 11571/3–5) for the early sixteenth century.

(411) Elected and sworn Guildhall and to Tower Thurs. 18 Sept. 1533 (LBP, fos. 22v–23r).

(412) Mercer: LBP, fo. 46; also LBF, fo. 236v, and Stow, Survey, i. 145; and see also Mercers’ MS Acts of Court, 2, fo. 80r (the company is attending its own member as sheriff).

(413) Mercer: LBP, fo. 167r; also LBF, fo. 236v; see also Mercers’ MS Acts of Court, 2, fo. 117r–v (the company intended to attend its own member as sheriff).

(414) Mercer: LBP, fo. 194v; also LBF, fo. 236v; see also Mercers’ MS Acts of Court, 2, fo. 128r (the company is attending its own member as sheriff).

(415) Haberdasher: LBP, fo. 194v; also LBF, fo. 236v; see also Beaven, i. 218.

(416) Merchant Taylor: LBQ, fo. 36v; also LBF, fo. 236v, and Stow, Survey, i. 347; see also Mercers’ MS Register of Writings, 2, fo. 138v.

(417) The goldsmiths, however, agree to provide forty armed men for him at the Midsummer Watch in 1543 (Goldsmiths’ MS 1524, Book G, 74), which suggests a goldsmiths’ affiliation. (Only seven bowmen are to be provided by the goldsmiths for the mayor, 80.)

(418) Beaven, ii. 28.

(419) Elected Thurs. 17 Apr. 1544 (Jor. 15, fo. 86r–v, LBQ, fo. 105r–v [Thurs. 27 April an error for Thurs. 17 April]); Mon. 21 Apr. Westminster (LBQ, fo. 105r).

(420) Ralph Alley in Stow, Survey, ii. 182 (but Allen, i. 322).

(421) George Barons: Hughes, 204.

(422) Later (22 Sept. 1556) translated to the fishmongers (Beaven, ii. 33).

(423) See also n. to Henry Amcotts, sheriff 1542–3.

(424) Later (17 July 1550) translated to the grocers (Beaven, ii. 33). See also Stow, Survey, i. 289.

(425) Merchant Taylor: LBR, fo. 24v. A John York is admitted to the merchant taylors in 1545–6 (Merchant Taylors’ GL MS 34048/4 fo. 3r).

(426) Thomas in LBR, fo. 205r and Jor. 16, fo. 201r, but John in Stow, Survey, ii. 183 and in the Mercers’ MS Acts of Court, 2, fo. 262v.

(427) Mercer: LBR, fo. 205r (Thomas Maynarde); see also Mercers’ MS Acts of Court, 2, fo. 262v (the sheriff, John Maynard, is borrowing from his own company).

(428) John Macham: Hughes, 204.

(429) Translated 22 Sept. 1556 from the pewterers (Beaven, ii. 33).