Unaccusativity in Saramaccan: The Syntax of Resultatives
Unaccusative diagnostics come in two types. Ne-cliticization, there-insertion, and locative inversion count as diagnostics of surface unaccusativity; auxiliary selection and the resultative construction are diagnostics of deep unaccusativity. This chapter deals with one of the diagnostics of the latter type: the resultative construction. This construction is said to be indicative of unaccusativity because only the object can be predicated by the resultative XP. The chapter is organized as follows. Section 10.2 introduces serial verb constructions. Section 10.3 discusses unaccusative verbs and their relevance for the structure of serial verb constructions. Section 10.4 examines passives. Section 10.5 concerns the status of the ‘shared’ object. Finally, the analysis is presented in Section 10.6.
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