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Emotion and Peace of MindFrom Stoic Agitation to Christian Temptation$
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Richard Sorabji

Print publication date: 2002

Print ISBN-13: 9780199256600

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2007

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199256600.001.0001

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Posidonius On the Irrational Forces In Emotion

Posidonius On the Irrational Forces In Emotion

Galen's Report

Chapter:
(p.93) 6 Posidonius On the Irrational Forces In Emotion
Source:
Emotion and Peace of Mind
Author(s):

Richard Sorabji (Contributor Webpage)

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199256600.003.0007

Posidonius wanted the Stoics to return from Chrysippus' intellectualism to Plato's tripartite soul, which he re-described as consisting of three capacities, not just Chrysippus' reason, but also two emotional capacities: one concerned with domination and one with appetite. Typically, emotions do involve Chrysippus' judgements, but not always. They do not consist of judgements alone, so the education of emotions cannot be purely rational. The movements of the emotional capacities depend on physiology, and respond rather to music, gymnastics, and imagery. The previous Stoic neglect of emotional capacities leaves too much human psychology unexplained to provide an adequate ethic. The credibility of Galen as the source for Posidonius is defended.

Keywords:   Posidonius, tripartite soul, Plato, emotion, education

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