- Title Pages
- 1 Emotion As Cognitive and Its Therapy
- 2 The Emotions As Value Judgements In Chrysippus
- 3 Seneca's Defence
- 4 Seneca's Defence
- 5 The Arts
- 6 Posidonius On the Irrational Forces In Emotion
- 7 Posidonius
- 8 Posidonius
- 9 Aspasius and Other Objections To Chrysippus
- 10 What Is Missing From the Judgemental Analysis?
- 11 The Role Of Analytic Philosophy In Stoic Cognitive Therapy
- 12 Stoic Indifference: A Barrier To Therapy?
- 13 The Case For and Against Eradication Of Emotion
- 14 The Traditions Of Moderation and Eradication
- 15 How the Ancient Exercises Work
- 16 Exercises Concerned With Time and the Self
- 17 Physiology and the Non‐Cognitive Galen's Alternative Approach to Emotion
- 18 Sex, Love, and Marriage In Pagan Philosophy and the Use Of Catharsis
- 19 Catharsis and the Classification Of Therapies
- 20 Emotional Conflict and the Divided Self
- 21 The Concept Of Will
- 22 First Movements As Bad Thoughts
- 23 From First Movements To the Seven Cardinal Sins Evagrius
- 24 First Movements In Augustine
- 25 Christians On Moderation Versus Eradication
- 26 Augustine On Lust and the Will
- Bibliography Of Secondary Sources Mentioned
- Index Of Ancient Thinkers
- Index Locorum
- Subject and Name Index
First Movements as Answering Posidonius
- (p.66) 4 Seneca's Defence
- Emotion and Peace of Mind
Richard Sorabji (Contributor Webpage)
- Oxford University Press
First movements of the soul for the Stoic materialists include bites, which are small contractions of the physical soul sensed in distress. First movements of the body include pallor, tears, and sexual irritation. All are involuntary shocks unlike the judgements which constitute emotion, and emotional therapy should ignore them as unimportant. First movements are first clearly described by Cicero, bites by Galen. For Seneca (1st century CE), Posidonius' revision of Stoicism around 100 BCE was wrong to say that emotion can occur without the relevant judgements in the case of animals, of disowned judgements, and of emotion changed by wordless music. In all three cases we have not emotion, but only first movements.
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