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Emotion and Peace of MindFrom Stoic Agitation to Christian Temptation$
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Richard Sorabji

Print publication date: 2002

Print ISBN-13: 9780199256600

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2007

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199256600.001.0001

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Physiology and the Non‐Cognitive Galen's Alternative Approach to Emotion

Physiology and the Non‐Cognitive Galen's Alternative Approach to Emotion

Chapter:
(p.253) 17 Physiology and the Non‐Cognitive Galen's Alternative Approach to Emotion
Source:
Emotion and Peace of Mind
Author(s):

Richard Sorabji (Contributor Webpage)

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199256600.003.0018

The idea that the body's chemical blend is the soul is rejected by Plato, Aristotle, and Augustine, but held by Galen for the mortal soul. Among Aristotelians, Andronicus thinks soul is rather a capacity that ‘follows’ the blend, Alexander a capacity that ‘supervenes on’ it. The idea that psychological capacities ‘follow’ the blend is favoured by Lucretius and Galen, who so interprets Plato and Posidonius. Galen concludes that diet must come first, and that this affects even rational capacities. Others too offer non-cognitive therapies, but Galen also accepts cognitive therapy. The Neoplatonist Proclus (5th century CE) denies that psychological capacities follow the bodily blend, though admitting that the body can disturb psychological activities. Philoponus, the Christian Neoplatonist (6th century CE), denies that psychological capacities follow or result from the blend, else philosophy could not counteract. But they do supervene on the blend and act in turn on the body.

Keywords:   body's chemical blend, Plato, Aristotle, Andronicus, Alexander, Proclus, Philoponus, supervene, follow

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