The Topical Tradition in English Lexicography
This chapter presents a detailed history of the topical tradition in English and Continental lexicography. It includes a conspectus of John Wilkins's ‘Tables’, that is, the semantic part of his universal language scheme which, in fact, is a thesaurus of words ordered according to philosophical later principles. Around 1700, this topical tradition came to a halt, but started anew within a different framework inspired by the innovative spirit of John Locke. Works discussed in this chapter include Parsigraphie by Jean de Maimieux (1797a, h), which is a new version of Wilkins's universal language scheme, and David Booth's abandoned plan of an analytical dictionary (1835).
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