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The Wealth of Anglo-Saxon England$
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Peter Sawyer

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780199253937

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2013

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199253937.001.0001

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From Solidi to Sceattas

From Solidi to Sceattas

(p.32) 3 From Solidi to Sceattas
The Wealth of Anglo-Saxon England

Peter Sawyer

Oxford University Press

Much gold and other treasure was imported to Britain when it was ruled by Rome. The supply stopped after 410 but the treasure continued to tempt raiders, By 600 a large part of Britain was ruled by Anglo-Saxon kings. The Franks, who then controlled northern Gaul, sent treasure to Britain, some as gifts, but most as payment for English produce. The main recipients were initially rulers and magnates who, by 700, had founded numerous minsters that used their surplus produce to buy luxuries from Francia. For this developing economy gold coins were normally too valuable and by 680 most Frankish and all Anglo-Saxon coins were silver pennies or ‘sceattas’. For several decade huge numbers of sceattas produced in Frisia and the lower Rhineland were exported to England, and have been found in apparent markets in east England, in some of which Frankish gold tremisses had been used earlier

Keywords:   Treasure, solidi, tremisses sceattas, minsters, gold, silver, markets, trade, Frisia, Francia

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