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A Tale of Three CitiesOr the Glocalization of City Management$

Barbara Czarniawska

Print publication date: 2002

Print ISBN-13: 9780199252718

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2010

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199252718.001.0001

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(p.155) Index

(p.155) Index

Source:
A Tale of Three Cities
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
ACEA 31–2, 39
privatization of 31
Acker, J. 85
action
net 3–4, 59, 113
programs and their mixed results 121–4
Adolfsson, P. 26
agrarian society 91
allomorphism 119
alterity, construction of 130
process of 14
Americanization of the media 35
Amsterdam 22, 37
Angers 139
Anglo-American legal tradition 119
Anglo-American practice of management 122
Anglo-Saxonization of Italian media 60
‘antechambering’ 105
anthropology
à rebour 142
symmetrical 139
and urban studies 143
anticapitalist institutional order 90
Antwerp 36
A Tale of Two Cities 134
Athens 36
Australia 10
Austrian culture 114
Austro-Hungarian Empire 91, 105
automorphism 11, 90, 95–100, 119, 124
isolationist 130
Baltic Water Protection Program 19
‘Bangemann Challenge’ 24
Barcelona 22, 36, 136
Bauman, Z. 27
Beksiak, J. 75, 90–1, 95
Benjamin, W. 25
Berlin 28, 36, 136
big city
life style 48
management 5, 40, 143
multi-organizational realities of 4
program 2
regional and national context 83
as a societal laboratory 1
traffic 59
Blumer, H. 136
Bribecity 76, 84, 88
British media 67
British Railways 67
‘broiler politicians’ 115
Brunsson, N. 122
Brussels 86
budget meetings of city councils 101–5
bureaucratic rationalization 139
Calhoun C. 33
Campidoglio 66
Camp of National Union (CNU) 92
capital as a laboratory of fashion 83
Capital City of Warsaw 20
capitalist institutional order 90
Casaletto-Largo Argentina line 76
Castells, M. 33
Centrale di Latte, privatization of 31
‘chair socialism’ 126
Chandler, A. 143
Chicago sociologists 2
Cities
on the market 82
as work-worlds 2
city
the fashionable 131
image of 15
management 3–4
cases of reframing 88
in its cultural context 113
field of 114
history of 111
intense globalization 143
(p.156)
model for 90
role of fashion in 138
‘City Manager Plan’ 10
CityNet 22
city-network 66
City of Warsaw 70
Clark, T.N. 86
Clean City 26
‘Clean Hands’ campaign 117
‘coercive isomorphism’ 133
collective choice, mechanism of 13
colonialization 7
common law 120–1
communal (collective) memory 101
‘Communist’ frame 119
Company South 70
tenders 71–3
Connerton, P. 100–1, 111
Connex 63
contact and imitation, distinction between 85
contemporary metropolis 1
continental or Roman-Germanic code 120
Copenhagen 18, 27, 36
corporations 1
Corriere della Sera 41
crisis in representation, theory of 16
Crozier, M. 128
Cultural Capital of Europe 24
project 5, 25
‘cultures’, concept of 142
Dagens Nyheter 41, 63
Darnton, R. 66
‘dead static code’ 120
defense from ‘petitioners’ 105
‘deglobalization’ 14
‘degree of objectness’ 141
‘degree of subjectness’ 141
Degremont 70
Deleuze, G. 34
anti-Hegelian project 34
Department of Territorial Policies 97
detective stories, glocalization 12–13
Dewey, J. 126
Dickens’ description of London and Paris 134
DiMaggio, P. J. 5, 10–11, 86
d’lribarne, P. 130
dochakuka 12
Drozdowski, M. M. 92–3, 95
Dutch law 121
ecoconversion 70
Edelman, M. 58–9
emergency management 21, 39
emulation 132
England 12
Environment and Health Protection Administration 26
Erlingsdottir, G. 11
essentialism 133
estate economy 90
‘ethnologizing management’ 142
EuroNews 14
Europe 10
east, linguistic and literary tradition 143
European capital 16, 82
image of the 133
European Community offices 82
European countries 121
‘European ideal’ 13
European Investment Bank (EIB) 70–1, 78, 86
Europeanization 69
European models, impact of 13
European politics and public administration, students of 63
European Union (EU) 78, 130
directives 69
European writers 12
evolutionary method of introducing changes 122
exclusion-inclusion dimension 32, 34
‘fashionable city’, notion of a 139
fashion 11
as competition mechanism 136
concept of 138
leaders 136
as a paradoxical process 138
research 138
translation/imitation theory 135–6
translocalization, role in 135
variations in 137
Featherstone, M. 14
Fellini’s Roma 27
FIAT 76
Foa,V. 59
foreign debt 70
forensic model of science 66
Foucault, M. 33
fracasomania 123
frames, old and new 118
France 143
hospital system reforms 128
Frazer, J. G. 85
Friedberg, E. 128
functionalist thinking 8
Gazeta Stoleczna 41
Gazeta Wyborcza 48
Gdansk merchants 91
Gellner, E. 134
(p.157) Gellner and Oakeshott, debate between 134
German General Governor 91
German idealist philosophy 122
German phenomenology 143
Giddens, A. 11, 100
Girard, R. 37
Glaser, B. 4, 113
global novelties, introduction of 84
globalization 6–10, 118
anthropological studies of early 9
of a city, identity and alterity 32–6
in context of city management 131
as everyday work 131
and localization, phenomena of 131
macro-descriptions of 5, 133
of the media 60
models 39–40
as modernization 133
multiplicity of results of 133
processes 9, 132
studies 5
Globe 24
glocalization, phenomenon of 12–13
Goffman, E. 42
Göteborgs-Posten (GP) 79
Gothenburg 22, 27, 83
Great Modern Dream 128
Greimas, A. 141
grounded theory approach 4
Habsburg influence 109
Hannerz, U. 2, 139
Helsinki 27
Convention documents 19
Hirdman,Y. 127
Hirschman, A. O. 123, 129
historical reconstruction 100
historiogesis 100
active character of 112
and bodily recall 111–12
history of communication 66
Hobsbawn, E. 96, 139
Hochschild, A. 6
Holzner, B. 141
homogenizing forces, work of 10
Hong Kong 5
Human Resource Management 141
hybridization as a concept 133
identity
and alterity, constructing 36–8
construction 14, 37, 130
identity-alterity interplay 35, 136
Il Messagero 41
imitation
ambiguous attitude toward 89
of desire 37
of non-local practices, voluntary 7
Informatin in Paris 67
infrastructure
centrally managed 20
investments in central Europe 71
institutional order 89, 119
institutional thought structure 123
institution of competition 83
‘intentionality’, notion of 7
inventing traditions 141
invention
in city management 136
of tradition 87
isomorphism 96, 119, 124
relentless 130
types of 10
isopraxism 11, 78, 96
Italy 10, 12, 69
culture 114
idealism 123
journalism 41
law on public works 80
merciless idealism 119
politics 63
public administration 123
semiotics 143
social science 123
IT-big-city projects 24
James, W. 126
Japanese marketers 12
Jaroszewicz, P. 44
Jaroszewicz, W. 93
Jaruzelski, W. 46
Johannesburg 18
Jonsson, S. 125–6
journalism and city management 67
Jubilee of the Third Millennium of Christianity in Rome 25
Juristenrecht, 1896 version 120
Justinian Code of the Rome Empire 120
Kanter, R. 1
Karlsson, S. O. 126
Knorr Cetina, K. 2
Korean War 44
La Repubblica 41
laboratories, characteristics 2
language communities, different 114
Lash, S. 14
Latin American countries 123
Latour, B. 9, 26, 85, 139, 141–2
‘actants’ 141
symmetrical anthropology 140
precepts 140
Law of England 120
Leach, E. 84
(p.158) legal framework, changes in 69
Lewis, M. 142
liberalization 49
liberal-pragmatist philosophy 119
linguistic differences 114
localization 36–8
local mimesis 113
local translations of translocal ideas 113
Löfgren, O. 14, 36
‘logic of appropriateness’ 101
London 5, 31, 36, 136
School of Economics 127, 134
Tube 67
Los Angeles 5
Luckmann, B. 6
thesis of 6
Lund University 13
management
consultants 140
need for a symmetrical ethnology in 139–43
managerial practice, contemporary dilemmas of 128
‘managerial technologies’ 141
Manchester 22
March, J. G. 101
marketing 69
marketization 82
of the public sector 69
market orientation 83
martial law 46
Marxism 126
Mayor Rutelli 98
Mazza, C. 31
McCloskey, D. 143
media 35, 60, 62, 67
dream of ‘reforming’ 66
Mediterranean cities 13
‘metatranslation’ 118
Metrebus 76
Metro 67–8, 117
metro 49, 60, 75
color of 48
Construction General Headquarters 18, 44, 47
frequency of press coverage 46
managers, ‘representation work’ 50
problems 42
public image 47
under and above ground 47–50
metropolitan cultures, histories of hybridization of 133
Mexico City 5
Meyer, J. 96, 139, 142
Micheletti, M. 126
Milan 22, 36
military frame of discourse 60
mimesis 87, 132
anthropological studies of 9
as copy and contact 85
in journalism 67
mimetic isomorphism 10
Minister of Territory Administration and Environmental Protection 46
Mitterand, François 70
modern city budget 119
modernity, rituals of 85
modernization 7, 84–5
as contemporary face of globalization 139
and reframing 134–5
Monotel 73, 75
Mouritsen, J. 141
Mumford, L. 1
‘Municipality Centrum’ 20
Municipality of Rome 97
municipalization 135
municipal politicians and officials 80
Myrdal, G. 126
Naples 22, 36
Napoleonic Code 120
variations of 121
National Economy Bank 92
nationalization 135
national and regional identities, creation of 14
network of interactions 117
new institutionalists 10
New Public Management 10, 91
newspapers 41
New York 5
New Zealand 10, 91
Nordic capitals 13
normalcy management 21
Oakeshott, M. 101, 126, 129, 134
Olsen, J. P. 101
Olympic Games in Atlanta 36
organizational hypocrisy 122
organizational imitation 89–90
organizational practice 115
organizational structures 116
Organization for Economic and Community Development (OECD) 22
organization field 5, 40
borders of 68
definitions 116
overdeveloped 118
undeveloped 117–18
well-developed 117–18
organization
fiction of 115
forms, continuation of 96
(p.159)
scholars 1–2
theory 101
organizing
complexity of 115
definition of 116
Osaka 22
Oslo 27
Panorama 25
Paris 5, 28, 66, 136
patriarchal management model 123
patriotic investment 73
perversity thesis 123
Pieterse, J. N. 133
Pipan,T. 30, 59
Poland 69
‘anticapitalist phobia’ 91
capitalism 95
conspiracy in 102
country with a court tradition 105
debt in France 70
economy, historical analysis of 90
history 90, 124
introduction of capitalism 75
journalists 60
tradition 41
landowners 91
management practice 49
model 119
partition of 91
People’s Republic 46, 91, 123
tradition 90
politicians and administrators in European cities 82
Pope of the IT Church 23
Popper, K. 127
Powell, W. W. 10–11, 86
power games and regulations 98
pragmatist
and idealist frames, differences 120
philosophy of management 121, 124
Pred, A. 24
press, role in organization of traffic 65
private tenders, studies of 78
privatization 69, 119
professional organizations, network 117
Prussia, legal reform in 1896 120
public administration
organizations, contemporary 129
reforms 67
transparency of 111
public contracting 77
public purchasing, law on 79
public sector reforms 112
public tenders 82–5
public transportation 76
public transport units 17
purism 123
purist attitudes, faults of 129
purist extremes 128
‘purpose’, notion of 7
Putnam, R. 63
rapid tram
introduction of 41
track 50
rational idealism 129
rational-idealist quandaries 124
‘rational-legalist’ philosophy of management 121
‘red metro’ 60
Reframing
concept of 69
difficulties of 41
purposeful 117–18
Regional Administrative Court 76
regulatory jungle 118
‘reification-and-fetishization’ importance of 9
representation
of events in a city 65
meanings of 16
work, paradoxes of 36
research project with a trans-cultural dimension 114
resurrection of self-government 94
revolutionary awareness 112
revolutionary method of introducing changes 122
rituals and bodily practices, necessity of reframing 101
Robertson, R. 6, 12, 14
Rome 4, 5, 9, 13, 23, 34, 36, 67, 74, 83–5, 101–2, 115, 122, 132, 134–5
administration 109
City
with cultural capital 97
management 30, 39, 124, 128
managers in 66
continuity and rupture 96–8
court tradition in 109
cultural capital 29–31
journalists 115
‘leading European capital’ 27
‘merciless idealism’ 113, 129
mimesis 78
‘new frame’ of transparency and managerial efficiency 119
newspaper headings 50–8
offices, space management 110
‘old frame’, corruption and bureaucratic inefficiency 119
organization of Jubilee in 39
practice of ‘management accounting’ 117
press coverage of traffic issues in 50
(p.160)
privatization, improving urban services by 31–2
public tenders 76–8
reframing as a conscious goal 118
streetcar producers 78
traffic 58, 65–6
effort to improve 50
formal model for 67
reframing of 60
Tram No. 8 141
War
landscape 50
metaphor 60
Rowan, B. 96
Russian Empire 91
Sahlins, M. 13, 139
Saltsjobaden, historical agreement 127
Sao Paulo 5
Sassen, S. 4
Scandinavian management studies 143
Schwartz, B. 11, 90
Second Polish Republic 91
Second World War 43, 95, 126
Self-Governance Act of August 1938 93
self-government, ‘global’ or translocal ideas of 119
semiotics 141
services and products, suppliers of 69
Sevon, G. 37, 89–90
Siemens 73
Siemens-Cubic 75
Simon, H. 81
Social Democratic Party 126
‘social engineering’ 126
‘socialist renewal’ 60
social memory 87, 100–11
of actions 117
bodily 101
social recall 112
Societe Generate 70
South Company 86
Soviet Union 44,124
tradition 49
Spain 12
Starzynski, S. 92, 94–5, 123
state debtors, gigantic 73
Steiner, G. 14
Stockholm 4, 5, 8, 13, 22, 34, 36, 41, 67, 74, 77, 83, 85, 88, 101, 111, 114–15, 117, 120, 122, 132
Air and Noise 26
budget session 103
central project of city 138
city
administration offices and companies 79–82
management 122
managers in 66
continuity of modern tradition 98–100
councilors 63
Cultural Capital of Europe program 134
environmental measures in 26
Exhibition
of 1897 24
of 1930 24
fire in subway 60
images of ‘European big city’ 21–7
investment in information technology (IT) 22–4
managers of 124
media 60, 62
modernist moves 9
notion of city as a spectacle 24–5
Police World Championship 138
press 42
public tenders 80–1, 84
reformers 128
reframing, constant 119
‘relentless isomorphism’ 113, 120
strike on public transportation 65
study 138
traffic problems 61
as Venice of the North 37
Water Festivals 26
water management, model of 39
Stokab 22
model 24
Strauss, A. 4, 113
study of city management, fieldwork techniques 4
Stuttgart 22
subway 17
construction 41
‘supertrams’ 76
Svenska Dagbladet 41, 61
Sweden 8, 12, 34, 69, 75
banks, modernization of 85
companies 90
‘greening’ of 11
constructing hybrids 124–7
history 124
institutional order 125
legal system 124
municipalities 114
politics 63
historical analysis of 126
public administration 125, 130
rationalism and pragmatism 127
reformists 127
Social Democratic Party 127
social democracy 126–7
social welfare 125
societal consensus 125
(p.161)
tradition of journalism 67
welfare state 129–30
Swiss commercial law 121
Switzerland 129
Sydney 5
symmetrical ethnology 140
Szymanderski, J. 123
Tarde-Durkheim debate 86
Tarde, G. 11, 33–4, 113, 130–1, 136, 139
‘logical reasons’ 135
Taussig, M. 9, 14, 33, 85
tax-financed money-spenders 82
tax money for collective consumption 83
Third Millenium of Christianity 5, 29, 97
ticket control machines 75
Tokyo 5
‘total cultures’, creating 114
traditional social democratic program 126
tradition of modernity 96, 100
traffic
management 41
problems, coverage of 41
system 27–9
use as a stage for grand dramas 66
transcultural studies, linguistic difference in vocabularies 115
transfer of ideas and practices, transportation for 119
transformation, debate on processes 117
translation
concept of 7
of institutional order 118
notion of 137
translocalization 7, 133
transport strategy 17
travel of ideas, conceptualizing 8
underground structures 48
Uniform Commercial Code 121
uniqueness
image of 36
of Warsaw 38, 89
United Kingdom (UK) 10, 67, 143
United States (USA) 10, 121–2, 143
(Californian) hospital system reforms 128
institutionalist tradition 143
journalism 67
life style, symbol of modernity 127
management styles 128
media 60
pragmatism 143
Uppsala network school 81
urban transport plan 27
Ursynow 42
USA Today 67
USSR 46
validation, methods of 66
Vatican 23, 30
Veblen, T. 90
Vistula River 19, 44
vocabularies, hybridization of 143
Von Besseler, H. 91–2
war-frame in Rome 60
war metaphors 59
Warsaw 4, 5, 8, 13, 34, 41, 67, 83, 85–6, 101, 114–15, 117, 122, 132
city
management in 93, 124, 128
managers 66, 96, 128
councilors and officials 89
crisis in finances 92
currency reform period 93
economic development, periods of 93
first City Council elections 91
government 74
commissar 93
hallmark of city management 39
images of ‘a European capital’ in 17–21
inventing tradition of modernity 89
investments of the 6-Year Plan 44
‘isolationist automorphism’ 113, 129
Local Government Law 38
management tradition in 91
Mayor of 46
newspapers 115
headings 44–5
new water system in 70
offices, space management 110
philosophy of management 119
politicians and city managers 96
poor water quality in 19
Procurement Department of City 93
public tenders in 69–76
rational-legalist philosophy, ‘pure’ 122
reframing as a conscious goal 118
subway 42, 46, 141
transportation problems 42
between the wars 91–4
water treatment plants 18–20
Waterworks, organization of 92
‘Warsaw-Tirana’ contrast 18
wastewater treatment plant 19
Williams, R. 48
Wilson, E. 24
work-worlds 6
World Bank 18
World Trade Organization meetings 5
Zycie Warszawy 41
Zyndram-Koscialkowski, M. 92