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The Long Sexual RevolutionEnglish Women, Sex, and Contraception 1800-1975$
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Hera Cook

Print publication date: 2005

Print ISBN-13: 9780199252183

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2008

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199252183.001.0001

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‘Nature is a Blind Dirty Old Toad’: The Withdrawal Method

‘Nature is a Blind Dirty Old Toad’: The Withdrawal Method

(p.40) 2 ‘Nature is a Blind Dirty Old Toad’: The Withdrawal Method
The Long Sexual Revolution

Hera Cook (Contributor Webpage)

Oxford University Press

This chapter shows that the evidence for the early use of withdrawal is minimal. The argument that withdrawal (coitus interruptus) and abortion provided an effective means of birth control in the early 19th century is rejected. The reasons why emerge in an examination of the problems of developing and using the method, based on detailed analysis of the birth control tracts produced by Francis Place, Richard Carlile, George Drysdale, Annie Besant, and Charles Bradlaugh.

Keywords:   birth control, contraception, coitus interruptus, England nineteenth century, Robert Dale Owen, Richard Carlile, Francis Place

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