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Kingship and PropagandaRoyal Eloquence and the Crown of Aragon c.1200-1450$

Suzanne F. Cawsey

Print publication date: 2002

Print ISBN-13: 9780199251858

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2010

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199251858.001.0001

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(p.164) APPENDIX A List of the Kings of the Royal House of Aragon and their Major Speeches

(p.164) APPENDIX A List of the Kings of the Royal House of Aragon and their Major Speeches

Kingship and Propaganda
Oxford University Press

Jaime I: King of Aragon (1213-76); King of Majorca (1229-76)

20 or 21 December 1228, Cortes of Barcelona.

Jaime opened the cortes with a sermon to announce his Majorcan campaign, taking as his thema: Illumina cor meum, Domine et verba mea de Spiritu Sancto. (Llibre dels Feits, ch. 48, in QGC, 28; Desclot has a different version, Crònica, Ch. 14, in QGC, 422; and also Zurita, Anales, i. 429 (bk. III, Ch. 1).)

4 August 1263, Synagogue in Barcelona.

Jaime I preached a sermon to the Jews in an attempt to persuade them that Jesus was the Messiah.

(H. Maccoby, Judaism on Trial: Jewish-Christian Disputations in the Middle Ages (London, 1982), 142–3.)

1264, Cortes of Saragossa

Jaime opened the cortes with a sermon-style speech beginning with the thema: Non minor est virtus quam querere parta tueri (Ovid, Ars Amandi, 2. 13). The speech was designed to persuade his subjects to grant a bovatge for the Murcian campaign.

(Llibre dels Feits, ch. 388, in QGC, 143–4; see also Zurita, Anales, i. 618 (bk. III, Ch. 66).)

October/November 1265, Cortes of Valencia

Muntaner records that Jaime I assembled his people in Valencia cathedral and ‘féu son sermon bo e dix moltes bones paraules’ to announce his plans for the Murcian expedition and to appoint his son his vicar in Valencia.

(Crònica, Ch. 14, in QGC, 679.)

1274, Council of Lyons

Jaime I spoke to the pope and cardinals concerning the crusade. He began with the thema: Gloriam meam alteri non dabo (Isaiah 42: 8).

(Llibre dels Feits, Ch. 547, in QGC, 179–80; see also Bernat Boades, Llibre dels Feyts d’armes de Cataluña (Barcelona, 1873), 333.)

1274, Cortes of Saragossa.

Jaime required the cortes to take an oath of loyalty to his son. Muntaner says that the king ‘los preïcà’.

(Crònica, Ch. 25, in QGC, 688.)

27 July 1276, Barcelona

Jaime, in preparation for his death, assumed the habit of the monastery of Poblet and made a speech to his son advising him on how to rule well.

(p.165) (Llibre dels Feits, Ch. 562, in QGC, 188–9; Desclot, Crónica, ch. 73, in QGC, 459; The Chronicle of San Juan de la Peña, ed. and trans. L. H. Nelson (Philadelphia, 1991), Ch. 35, pp. 66–7.)

Pedro III: King of Aragon (1276–85); King of Sicily (1282–5)

1282, Portfangós

The king addressed his assembled fleet before they sailed on the expedition to Sicily. Muntaner records that ‘lo senyor rei pensà de preïcar e dix moltes bones paraules’.

(Crònica, Ch. 49, in QGC, 707.)

1282, Messina

Pedro III addressed his fleet which had embarked for battle against Charles of Anjou. Muntaner says ‘el senyor rei preïcà’ls’ then made the sign of the cross over his people, blessing them and commending them to God.

(Crònica, Ch. 67, in QGC, 719.)

1282, Church of Santa Maria Nova, Messina

The king held a great council and ‘preïcà tan bé e tan ordonament, e castigà e somoní totes les gents’ after which he made the sign of the cross over them and blessed them all.

(Muntaner, Crònica, Ch. 76, in QGC, 729.)

1282, Palermo

Pedro III addressed a general parliament and ‘els preïcà’ as he had done at Messina.

(Muntaner, Crònica, Ch. 76, in QGC, 730; Desclot, Crònica, Ch. 91, in QGC, 478–9.)

1282, Trapani

Muntaner describes how the king did the same as he had done at Messina and Trapani and addressed a parliament, but he also adds the details that Pedro III had been preaching from the pulpit.

(Crònica, Ch. 76, in QGC, 730.)

1283, Cortes of Saragossa

Muntaner describes how Pedro held a parliament at Saragossa an ‘lo senyor rei los preïcà’. There are doubts as to whether this cortes actually took place when Muntaner claims it did, however.

(Crònica, Ch. 94, in QGC, 749–50.)

1283, Cortes of Barcelona

Pedro III addressed the Catalans on the eve of the French invasion, claiming that he was nothing but a simple knight.

(Desclot, Crònica, Ch. 157, in QGC, 561–80; Tomich, Històries e conquestes dels Reys d’Aragó e dels comtes de Barcelona (Textos medievales 29; Valencia, 1970, facs. of 1534 edn.), 90.)

(p.166) 1285, On the borders of Navarre

Pedro III assembled his forces in expectation of a battle against the French governor of Navarre and ‘preïcà a la gent, e los somoní de bé a fer’.

(Muntaner, Crònica, Ch. 111, in QGC, 766–7.)

10 June 1285, Peralada

The king addressed representatives from each of the contingents of his army ‘per eximplis e per proverbis, de moltes raons’.

(Desclot, Crònica, Ch. 147, in QGC, 546.)

1285, Peralada

The king held a great council before leaving Peralada and ‘preïcà’ls’.

(Muntaner, Crònica, Ch. 125, in QGC, 783; Desclot, ch. 149, in QGC, 548–9.)

October 1285, The Pyrenees

Pedro III, according to Desclot, apologized for his handling of the campaign against the French and gave thanks to God for the victory.

(Crònica, Ch. 167, in QGC, 580.)

Jaime II: King ofAragon 1291–1327; King of Sicily 1285–95

1287, Cortes of Messina in the Church of Santa Maria Nova.

The king ‘preïcà, e los dix moltes bones paraules’.

(Muntaner, Crònica, Ch. 163, in QGC, 815.)

1291, Cortes of Messina

Again the king ‘preïcà’ls’.

(Muntaner, Crònica, Ch. 175, in QGC, 824.)

1323, Portfangós

Jaime II made a speech to launch the Sardinian expedition, ostensibly educating his son about the ‘Privilege of Aragon’.

(Pere III, 146–8 (bk. 1, Ch. 12); Parlaments, 70–1.)

Frederick III: King of Sicily (1296–1337)

1296, Cortes in Palermo

The king addressed his subjects after his coronation beginning with the thema: Per me Reges regnant, et Principes dominantur (Proverbs 8: 16).

(Nicolai Specialis, Historia Sicula, in Biblioteca scriptorum, ed. R. Gregorio, i (Palermo, 1791), i. 355–6.)

1299, Cortes in Palermo

The king opened the cortes with a speech taking as his thema: Melius est mori in bello, quam videre mala populi (1 Maccabees 3: 59).

(Specialis, Historia Sicula, ed. Gregorio, i. 395–6.)

2 December 1316, Cortes in Palermo

The king held a cortes in the cathedral and opened his speech with the thema: Caritas non agit perperam, nec quaerit, quae sua sunt (1 Corinthians 13: 4–5)

(Anonymi Chronicon, in Biblioteca scriptorum, ed. Gregorio, ii. 207–8.)

(p.167) Pedro IV: King of Aragon (1336–87); King of Majorca (1343–87)

6 June 1344, Argilers

Pedro IV addressed Jaime of Majorca’s subjects after seizing his lands (Pere III, 329 (bk. m, Ch. 125).)

August 1347, Cortes of Aragon

Pedro IV addressed the cortes in the church of Sant Salvador

(Pere III, 409 (bk. 111, Ch. 23).)

August 1348, Cortes of Aragon

Pedro IV preached to the cortes from the pulpit of the church of Sant Salvador, Saragossa.

(Pere III, 437–8 (bk. iv, Ch. 50).)

December 1348, Valencia

Pedro IV addressed his subjects after the Unions crisis (Pere III, 445 (bk. iv, Ch.58).)

1 January 1354, Barcelona

The king addressed a new year’s speech to the citizens of Barcelona from a scaffolding set up outside the church of Our Lady de la Mar.

(Pere III, 481 (bk. v, Ch. 33).)

23 November 1362, Cortes of Monzón

The king opened his speech with the thema: Vidi afflicionem populi mei (Exodus 3:7).

(ACA Cancelleria Processos de Corts No. 3, fo. xxixr; see Parlaments, 252, note to 24.)

1363, Cortes of Monzón

Pedro IV exhorted his people to action in the war with the king of Castile.

(Parlaments, 24.)

1363, Murviedro

The king encouraged his men before the expected battle with the king of Castile (Pere III, 546–50 (bk. vi, chs. 40–1).)

21 September 1365, Cortes of Barcelona

Queen Elionor addressed the cortes in the king’s absence.

(Parlaments, 27.)

6 November 1367, Cortes of Vilafranca del Penadès

The king took as his thema: Inclinate aurem vestram in verba oris mei (2 Kings 19: 16).

(Cortes de Cataluña, ii. 492–3.)

8 August 1368, Cortes of Barcelona

The king spoke from the pulpit beginning his speech with the thema: Populus quem non cognovi servivit michi. In auditu auris obedivit michi (2 Samuel 22: 44–5).

(Cortes de Cataluña, iii. 6.)

1369, Cortes of Sant Mateu, Valencia?

The king’s speech survives in his own handwriting but is not dated. Pedro IV took (p.168) as his thema: Statim cum audieritis clangorem buccine, dicite: ‘Regnabit Absalom in Ebron’ (2 Samuel 15:10).

(Parlaments, 33–42.)

9 March 1370, Cortes of Tarragona

The king preached on the obligations of rulers, opening with the thema: Hoc autem scitote quoniam si sciret paterfamilias qua hora fur veniret vigiiaret utique et non sineret perfodi domum suam. Ideo et vos stote parati (Luke 12: 39).

(Parlaments, 42–52; Cortes de Cataluña, iii. 46–51.)

27 March 1376, Cortes of Monzón

The king took as his thema: Videte dolor sicut dolor meus (Lamentations 1: 12)

(ACA Processos de Corts No. 8, fo. xviv.)

21 January 1381, Cortes of Saragossa

Pedro III took as his thema: Propria que inpidiebat venir ad nos (Romans 15: 22).

(Cortes del Reino de Aragón 1357-1341: Extractos y fragmentos de procesos desaparecidos, ed. A. Sesma Muñoz and E. Sarasa Sánches (Textos medievales, 47; Valencia, 1976), 79.)

12 June 1383, Cortes of Monzón

The royal speech opened with the thema: Ecce assum quia vocastis me (1 Samuel 3: 15).

(Parlaments, 52–6.)

Joan I: King of Aragon and Majorca (1387–96)

1388, Cortes of Monzón

Joan I made a very brief speech about good government

(ACA Processos de Corts No. 10, fo. xvr.)

June 1383, Cortes of Monzón

The queen, Violant, addressed the cortes on the king’s behalf while the king wasaway campaigning.

(Parlaments, 56–8.)

Martín I: King of Aragon and Majorca (1395–1410); King of Sicily (1409–10)

29 April 1398, Cortes of Saragossa

The king opened his speech with the thema: Hec est Victoria que vincit mundum: fides vestra (John 5: 4).

(Cátedra, ‘Acerca del sermón político’, 27.)

26 June 1404, Cortes of Maella

Martín began with the thema: In hoc vocati estis ut hereditatem possideatis (1 Peter 3.)

(‘Proceso de las Cortes de Maella de 1404’, ed. L. Ledesma Rubio, EEMCA 9 (1973), 581–6.)

(p.169) 26 January 1406, Cortes of Perpignan

The king opened the cortes taking as his thema: Gloriosa dicta sunt de te

(Psalms 86).

(Parlaments, 58–72.)

1408, Cortes of Barcelona

Martín I spoke to the cortes about the situation in Sardinia.

(Parlaments, 74–8.)