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Migration and Empire$
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Marjory Harper and Stephen Constantine

Print publication date: 2010

Print ISBN-13: 9780199250936

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199250936.001.0001

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Sheep and Sunshine: New Zealand

Sheep and Sunshine: New Zealand

Chapter:
(p.75) 4 Sheep and Sunshine: New Zealand
Source:
Migration and Empire
Author(s):

Marjory Harper

Stephen Constantine

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199250936.003.0004

The Maori population of Aotearoa was much reduced when European immigration from the UK turned the islands into New Zealand. Distance from preferred UK sources of settlers meant that recruiting was always a highly politicized project, from the days of the New Zealand Company to 20th‐century ventures which initially tapped into imperial government funds. The balance between immigration and natural increase as a cause of population growth and alterations in migrants' occupations as the economy developed are examined, and the expectations and realities of settlement are compared. Controls restricting the entry of some migrants and the positive recruiting of others explain the age, occupations, experiences, and largely British identity of New Zealand. This last began to alter when other Europeans and especially non‐Europeans were admitted, and the UK became more orientated towards Europe.

Keywords:   Aotearoa, identities, imperial government, Maori, New Zealand, New Zealand Company, non‐European immigrants, recruiting

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