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Japan's Fiscal CrisisThe Ministry of Finance and the Politics of Public Spending, 1975-2000$
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Maurice Wright

Print publication date: 2002

Print ISBN-13: 9780199250530

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199250530.001.0001

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Cuts and Squeezes in the Bureaucracy

Cuts and Squeezes in the Bureaucracy

(p.410) 22 Cuts and Squeezes in the Bureaucracy
Japan's Fiscal Crisis

Maurice Wright

Oxford University Press

Japan's public sector is comprised of four broad organizational categories of central government officials. The first category (non-industrial) comprises the staffs of ministries, agencies, and commissions, as well as teachers, doctors, nurses, and related educational and medical staff employed in national schools, colleges and universities, and hospitals and medical establishments. The second category (industrial) comprises the staff of four (previously five) government enterprises, each supervised within the jurisdiction of a ministry. This chapter examines the extent to which policies of fiscal reconstruction in the 1980s resulted in cuts and squeezes to the number and distribution of officials in the Spending Ministries and Agencies, compared with those employed in other parts of the central government—the staffs of national hospitals, schools, and government enterprises. It also looks at the distribution of those cuts among the Spending Ministries and Agencies to determine which of them gained or lost, and to test the familiar proposition that policies were implemented ‘evenhandedly’, to maintain ‘balance’, and to avoid competition and conflict.

Keywords:   bureaucracy, government officials, fiscal reconstruction, Spending Ministries and Agencies, staff cuts

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