Korean Intonational Phonology and Prosodic Transcription
This chapter provides an overview of the Korean prosodic system and introduces the most updated version of K-ToBI (Korean Tones and Break Indices). Korean has two prosodic units marked by intonation: the Accentual Phrase (AP) and the Intonation Phrase (IP). An IP is marked by phrase final lengthening and a final boundary tone. An AP is typically marked by a phrase-final rise contour but the tonal contour can vary depending on the size of an AP and the meaning. Unlike English pitch accent, the tones forming an AP are not distinctive, nor predictable. This motivated a major change in the tone tier of Korean ToBI: a split into a phonological tone tier and a phonetic tone tier. A phonological tone tier labels the prosodic structure and a phonetic tone tier labels the surface tonal pattern of each prosodic unit. Finally, the chapter presents labeller agreement data.
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