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Hittite and the Indo-European Verb$
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Jay H. Jasanoff

Print publication date: 2003

Print ISBN-13: 9780199249053

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2007

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199249053.001.0001

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Aorists of the h2e-conjugation: Part I

Aorists of the h2e-conjugation: Part I

Chapter:
(p.144) 6 Aorists of the h2e-conjugation: Part I
Source:
Hittite and the Indo-European Verb
Author(s):

Jay H. Jasonoff

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199249053.003.0006

This chapter begins with a glance backward. If the perfect, middle, and h2e-conjugation endings go back to a single ‘protomiddle’ set, then the nucleus of the h2e-conjugation must reflect the residue of pre-PIE protomiddles that were neither renewed as middles nor specialized as resultative-statives (perfects) in late PIE. Late PIE should therefore have had not only h2e-conjugation presents, but also h2e-conjugation aorists. Two such groups of forms can in fact be identified. The chapter focuses on ‘stative-intransitive aorists’, characterized by *o : *e (whence later *o : zero) ablaut and denoting entry into a state. Reflexes are found in the Indo-Iranian ‘passive aorist’, the class V subjunctives of Tocharian, and Hittite hi-verbs of the type la-a-ki ‘bends’, backformed and transitivized from PIE *lógh-e ‘lay down’.

Keywords:   protomiddle, e-conjugation aorist, stative-intransitive aorist, passive aorist, class V subjunctive, Tocharian

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