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Hittite and the Indo-European Verb$
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Jay H. Jasanoff

Print publication date: 2003

Print ISBN-13: 9780199249053

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2007

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199249053.001.0001

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The h2e-conjugation: Root Presents

The h2e-conjugation: Root Presents

(p.64) 3 The h 2 e-conjugation: Root Presents
Hittite and the Indo-European Verb

Jay H. Jasonoff

Oxford University Press

This chapter sets out to reconstruct the PIE present of the root *melh2- ‘grind’ on the basis of its reflexes in Anatolian and elsewhere. The common prototype is argued to have been an athematic present with *o : *e ablaut and the unrenewed ‘perfect’ endings. Active presents of the type 1 represent what will here be called the PIE ’h2e-conjugation’. Anatolian was the only branch of the family to preserve the h2e-conjugation intact; in the other branches it was mostly lost through thematization. Other ‘mol^-presents’ with Hittite reflexes. The characteristic *o : *e ablaut pattern was simplified or eliminated in the individual IE languages.

Keywords:   e-conjugation, hi-conjugation, *o : *e ablaut, thematization, perfect endings

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