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Hittite and the Indo-European Verb$
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Jay H. Jasanoff

Print publication date: 2003

Print ISBN-13: 9780199249053

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2007

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199249053.001.0001

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Morphological Preliminaries: The Perfect and the Middle

Morphological Preliminaries: The Perfect and the Middle

(p.30) 2 Morphological Preliminaries: The Perfect and the Middle
Hittite and the Indo-European Verb

Jay H. Jasonoff

Oxford University Press

This chapter builds on the fact that the perfect and middle endings, together with those of the hi-conjugation and the 1 sg. active of the thematic conjugation, clearly go back to a common source. The ancestral ‘proto-endings’ are for the most part identical with the synchronic perfect endings, while the corresponding middle endings give evidence of formal renewal. The generalization that will be built on here is that the unrenewed reflexes of the original perfect/middle set, when they survived, were ‘demoted’ to the status of positional variants of the active endings.

Keywords:   hi-conjugation, thematic conjugation, perfect, pluperfect, middle, perfect endings, middle endings

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