Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Thought, Reference, and ExperienceThemes from the Philosophy of Gareth Evans$

José Luis Bermúdez

Print publication date: 2005

Print ISBN-13: 9780199248964

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2009

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199248964.001.0001

Show Summary Details
Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.oxfordscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2017. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use (for details see http://www.oxfordscholarship.com/page/privacy-policy). Subscriber: null; date: 20 November 2017



Thought, Reference, and Experience
Oxford University Press

Bibliography references:

Allison, H. (1983), Kant's Transcendental Idealism: An Interpretation and Defense (New Haven and London: Yale University Press).

Anscombe, G. E. M. (1975), ‘The first person’, in S. Guttenplan (ed.), Mind and Language (Oxford: Clarendon Press), 45–65.

Aristotle (1984), On the Soul, in J. Barnes (ed.), The Complete Works of Aristotle (Princeton: Princeton University Press).

Ayers, M. (1991), Locke (London: Routledge).

Barwise, J., and Perry, J. (1983), Situations and Attitudes (Cambridge, Mass., and London: MIT Press).

Bell, D. (1979), Frege's Theory of Judgement (Oxford: Oxford University Press).

—— (1990a), ‘How ‘Russellian’ was Frege?’, Mind, 99: 267–77.

—— (1990b), Husserl (London: Routledge).

Bennett, J. (1971), Locke, Berkeley, Hume: Central Themes (Oxford: Oxford University Press).

Bermúdez, J. L. (1998), The Paradox of Self-Consciousness (Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press).

—— (2002), ‘Sources of self-consciousness’, Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society, 102: 87–107.

—— (2003), ‘The elusiveness thesis, immunity to error through misidentification, and privileged access’, in B. Gertler (ed.), Privileged Access (Aldershot: Ashgate), 213–31.

Boolos, G. S. (1984), ‘To be is to be the value of a variable (or some values of some variables)’, Journal of Philosophy, 81: 430–49. Page references are to Boolos 1998: 54–87.

—— (1985a), ‘Nominalist platonism’, Philosophical Review, 94: 327–44. Page references are to Boolos 1998: 73–87.

—— (1985b), ‘Reading the Begriffsschrift’, Mind, 94: 331–44. Page references are to Boolos 1998: 155–70.

—— (1998), Logic, Logic, and Logic (Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press).

Bostock, D. (1988), ‘Necessary truth and a priori truth’, Mind, 97: 343–79.

Bricker, P. (1989), ‘Quantified modal logic and the plural de re’, Midwest Studies in Philosophy, 14: 372–94.

Bruce, V., Green, P. R., and Georgeson, M. A. (1996), Visual Perception: Physiology, Psychology and Ecology, 3rd edn (Hove, East Sussex: Psychology Press).

(p.312) Burge, T. (1974), ‘Truth and singular terms’, Noûs, 8: 309–25.

—— (1977), ‘A theory of aggregates’, Noûs, 11: 97–117.

Campbell, J. (1993), ‘The role of physical objects in spatial thinking’, in N. Eilan, R. McCarthy, and B. Brewer (eds.), Spatial Representation (Oxford: Basil Blackwell), 65–95.

—— (1994), Past, Space and Self (Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press).

—— (1997), ‘Sense, reference and selective attention’, Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society, suppl. vol. 71: 55–74.

—— (2002), Reference and Consciousness (Oxford: Clarendon Press).

Carl, W. (1994), Frege's Theory of Sense and Reference: Its Origins and Scope (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press).

Cartwright, R. L. (1994), ‘Speaking of everything’, Noûs 28: 1–20.

Cassam, Q. (1994) (ed.), Self-Knowledge (Oxford: Oxford University Press).

—— (1995), ‘Introspection and bodily self-ascription’, in J. L. Bermúdez, A. J. Marcel, and N. Eilan (eds.), The Body and the Self (Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press), 311–26.

—— (1997), Self and World (Oxford: Oxford University Press).

—— (1998), ‘Mind, knowledge and reality: Themes from Kant’, in A. O'Hear (ed.), Current Issues in Philosophy of Mind (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press), 321–48.

—— (1999), ‘Self-directed transcendental arguments’, in R. Stern (ed.), Transcendental Arguments: Problems and Prospects (Oxford: Clarendon Press), 83–110.

Caston, V. (2002), ‘Aristotle on consciousness’, Mind, 111: 751–815.

Chierchia, Gennaro (1989), ‘Anaphora and attitudes de se’, in R. Bartsch, J. van Benthem, and P. van Emde Boas (eds.), Semantics and Contextual Expression (Dordrecht: Foris), 1–31.

Chomsky, Noam (1971), Problems of Knowledge and Freedom (New York: Random House).

—— (1976a), ‘Conditions on rules of grammar’, Linguistic Analysis, 2: 303–51.

—— (1976b), Knowledge of Language (New York: Pantheon).

—— (1981), Lectures on Government and Binding (Dordrecht: Foris).

Coltheart, Max (1999), ‘Modularity and cognition’, Trends in Cognitive Sciences, 3: 115–20.

Davidson, D. (1967), ‘Truth and meaning’, Synthese 7: 304–23; repr. in Inquiries into Truth and Interpretation (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1984), 17–36.

—— (1970), ‘Mental events’, in L. Foster and J. Swanson (eds.), Experience and Theory (Amherst, Mass.: University of Massachusetts Press), 79–101; repr. in Essays on Actions and Events (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1980), 207–25.

(p.313) —— and Harman, G. (1972) (eds.), Semantics of Natural Language (Dordrecht: Reidel).

Donnellan, K. S. (1966), ‘Reference and definite descriptions’, Philosophical Review, 75: 281–304.

Dretske, F. (1981), Knowledge and the Flow of Information (Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press).

Dummett, M. (1973), Frege: Philosophy of Language (London: Duckworth).

—— (1976), ‘What is a theory of meaning? II’, in Evans and McDowell 1976: 67–137.

—— (1981), Truth and Other Enigmas (London: Duckworth).

—— (1991a), Frege: Philosophy of Mathematics (London: Duckworth).

—— (1991b), ‘The relative priority of thought and language’, in Frege and Other Philosophers (Oxford: Oxford University Press), 315–24.

—— (1994), Origins of Analytical Philosophy (London: Duckworth).

Elbourne, Paul (2001), ‘E-type anaphora as NP-deletion’, Natural Language Semantics, 9: 241–88.

Evans, G. (1973), ‘The causal theory of names’, Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society, Suppl. vol. 47: 187–208. Page references are to Evans 1985a: 1–24.

—— (1975), ‘Identity and predication’, Journal of Philosophy, 72: 343–63. Page references are to Evans 1985a: 25–48.

—— (1976), ‘Semantic structure and logical form’, in Evans and McDowell 1976: 199–222. Page references are to Evans 1985a: 49–75.

—— (1977), ‘Pronouns, quantifiers, and relative clauses I–II’, Canadian Journal of Philosophy, 7 (3): 467–536 and 7 (4): 777–97. Page references are to Evans 1985a: 76–175.

—— (1978), ‘Can there be vague objects?’, Analysis, 38: 208. Page references are to Evans 1985a: 176–7.

—— (1979), ‘Reference and contingency’, The Monist, 62 (2): 161–89. Page references are to Evans 1985a: 178–213.

—— (1980), ‘Pronouns’, Linguistic Inquiry, 11: 337–62. Page references are to Evans 1985a: 214–48.

—— (1980a), ‘Things without the mind: a commentary upon chapter two of Strawson's Individuals’, in Z. Van Straaten (ed.), Philosophical Subjects: Essays Presented to P. F. Strawson (Oxford: Clarendon Press), 76–116. Page references are to Evans 1985a: 240–90.

—— (1981a), ‘Semantic theory and tacit knowledge’, in Holtzman and Leich 1981: 118–37. Page references are to Evans 1985a: 322–42.

—— (1981b), ‘Understanding demonstratives’, in H. Parret and J. Bouveresse (eds.), Meaning and Understanding (Berlin: W. de Gruyter) 280–303. Page references are to Evans 1985a: 291–321.

(p.314) Evans, G. (1982), The Varieties of Reference (Oxford: Clarendon Press).

—— (1985a), Collected Papers (Oxford: Clarendon Press).

—— (1985b), ‘Molyneux's question’, in Evans 1985a: 362–99.

—— and McDowell, J. (1976) (eds.), Truth and Meaning: Essays in Semantics (Oxford: Oxford University Press).

Falkenstein, L. (1995), Kant's Intuitionism: A Commentary on the Transcendental Aesthetic (Toronto: University of Toronto Press).

Fiengo, R., and May, R. (1994), Indices and Identity (Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press).

Fodor, J. (1983), The Modularity of Mind (Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press).

Fox, D. (1998), ‘Locality in variable binding’, in P. Barbosa, D. Fox, P. Hagstrom, M. McGinnis, and David Pesetsky (eds.), Is the Best Good Enough? (Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press), 129–55.

Frege, G. (1884), Die Grundlagen der Arithmetik (Breslau: Koebner).

—— (1892), ‘On sense and reference’, in P. Geach and M. Black, Translations from the Philosophical Writings of Gottlob Frege (Oxford: Blackwell, 1960), 56–78.

—— (1903), Grundgesetze der Arithmetik II (Jena: Pohle).

—— (1914), ‘Logic’, in Frege 1969: 126–51.

—— (1918), ‘The thought: a logical inquiry’, in P. F. Strawson (ed.), Philosophical Logic (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1966), 17–38.

—— (1969), Posthumous Writings, ed. H. Hermes, F. Kambartel, and F. Kaulbach; page references are to the English trans. by P. Long and White (Oxford: Basil Blackwell, 1979).

Furth, M. (1968), ‘Two types of designation’, in N. Rescher (ed.), Studies in Logical Theory, American Philosophical Quarterly Monograph, 2: 9–45.

Garnham, A. (1989), ‘A unified theory of the meaning of some spatial relational terms’, Cognition 31: 45–60.

Geach, P. T. (1962), Reference and Generality (Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press).

Gibson, J. J. (1979), The Ecological Approach to Visual Perception (Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum).

Goodman, N. (1966), The Structure of Appearance, 2nd edn. (Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press).

Gopnik, A., Meltzoff, A., and Kuhl, P. (1999), How Babies Think: The Science of Childhood (London: Weidenfeld & Nicolson). Also published as The Scientist in the Crib (New York: Harper Collins Publishers, 2000).

Gregory, R. (1970), The Intelligent Eye (London: Weidenfeld & Nicolson).

—— (1974), Concepts and Mechanisms of Perception (London: Duckworth).

(p.315) Grice, H. P. (1962), ‘Some remarks about the senses’, in R. J. Butler (ed.), Analytical Philosophy (Oxford: Blackwell), 133–53.

Grodzinsky, Y., and Reinhart, T. (1993), ‘The innateness of binding and coreference’, Linguistic Inquiry, 24: 69–102.

Gunther, Y. (2003) (ed.), Essays on Nonconceptual Content (Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press).

Guyer, P. (1987), Kant and the Claims of Knowledge (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press).

Heim, Irene (1993), ‘Anaphora and semantic interpretation: a reinterpretation of Reinhart's approach’, SfS-Report-07-93 (Tübingen: University of Tübingen).

Higginbotham, J. (1983), ‘Logical form, binding and nominals’, Linguistic Inquiry, 14: 395–420.

—— (1985), ‘On semantics’, Linguistic Inquiry, 16: 547–93.

Holtzman, S., and Leich, C. (1981), Wittgenstein: To Follow a Rule (London: Routledge & Kegan Paul).

Hornstein, Norbert (2001), Move! A Minimalist Theory of Construal (Oxford and Malden, Mass.: Blackwell).

Huang, C.-T. J., and Luther Liu, C.-S. (2001), ‘Logophoricity, attitudes and ziji at the interface’, in P. Cole, G. Hermon, and C.-T. James Huang (eds.), Syntax and Semantics, 33: Long Distance Reflexives (New York: Academic Press), 141–95.

Jackendoff, R. (1992), ‘Madame Tussaud meets the binding theory’, Natural Language and Linguistic Theory, 10: 1–31.

—— (1997), The Architecture of the Language Faculty (Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press).

Kant, I. (1787), Critique of Pure Reason, trans. N. Kemp Smith (London: Macmillan, 1929).

Kaplan, D. (1979), ‘On the logic of demonstratives’, Journal of Philosophical Logic, 8: 81–98.

—— (1989), ‘Demonstratives’, in J. Almog et al. (eds.), Themes from Kaplan (Oxford: Oxford University Press), 481–563.

Kayne, R. S. (2002), ‘Pronouns and their antecedents’, in S. D. Epstein and T. Daniel Seely (eds.), Derivation and Explanation in the Minimalist Program (Oxford and Malden, Mass.: Blackwell), 133–66.

Keefe, R. (1995), ‘Contingent identity and vague identity’, Analysis, 55: 183–90.

—— (2000), Theories of Vagueness (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press).

Koopman, H., and Sportiche, D. (1981), ‘Variables and the bijection principle’, in Linguistic Review, 2: 139–60.

Kripke, S. (1971), ‘Identity and necessity’, in M. K. Munitz (ed.), Identity and Individuation (New York: New York University Press), 135–64.

(p.316) Kripke, S. (1980), Naming and Necessity (Oxford: Blackwell).

Lakoff, G. (1968), ‘Counterparts, or the problem of reference in transformation grammar’, MS, Harvard University; distributed by the Indiana University Linguistics Club.

—— (1996), ‘Sorry, I'm not myself today: The metaphor system for conceptualizing the self’, in G. Fauconnier and E. Sweetser (eds.), Spaces, Worlds, and Grammar (Chicago: University of Chicago Press), 91–123.

Langacker, R. (1969), ‘On pronominalization and the chain of command’, in W. Reibel and S. Schane (eds.), Modern Studies in English (Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall), 160–86.

Larson, R., and Segal, G. (1995), Knowledge of Meaning: An Introduction to Semantic Theory (Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press).

Lasnik, H. (1976), ‘Remarks on coreference’, Linguistic Analysis, 2: 1–22; repr. in Lasnik 1989: 90–109.

—— (1989), Essays on Anaphora (Dordrecht: Kluwer).

Lees, R. B., and Klima, E. S. (1963), ‘Rules for English pronominalization’, Language, 39: 17–28.

Leibniz, G. W. (1982), New Essays on Human Understanding, trans. P. Remnant and J. Bennett (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press).

Levinson, S. (1987), ‘Pragmatics and the grammar of anaphora: A partial pragmatic reduction of binding and control phenomena’, Journal of Linguistics, 23: 379–434.

—— (1991), ‘Pragmatic reduction of the binding conditions revisited’, Journal of Linguistics, 27: 107–62.

Lewis, D. (1979), ‘Attitudes de dicto and de se’, Philosophical Review, 88: 513–43.

—— (1988), ‘Vague identity: Evans misunderstood’, Analysis, 48: 128–30.

—— (1991), Parts of Classes (Oxford: Blackwell).

Locke, J. (1975), An Essay Concerning Human Understanding, ed. P. H. Nidditch (Oxford: Oxford University Press).

Logan, Gordon (1995), ‘Linguistic and conceptual control of visual spatial attention’, Cognitive Psychology, 28: 103–74.

Lowe, E. J. (1982), ‘On the alleged necessity of true identity statements’, Mind, 91: 579–84.

—— (1994), ‘Vague identity and quantum indeterminacy’, Analysis, 54: 110–14.

—— (1998), The Possibility of Metaphysics: Substance, Identity and Time (Oxford: Clarendon Press).

McDowell, J. (1977), ‘On the sense and reference of a proper name’, Mind, 86: 159–85.

McGinn, C. (1982), ‘The structure of content’, in A. Woodfield (ed.), Thought and Object (Oxford: Clarendon Press), 207–58.

(p.317) Martin, M. G. F. (1997), ‘The shallows of the mind’, Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society, suppl. vol. 71: 75–98.

Masangkay, Z., McCluskey, K., McIntyre, C., Sims-Knight, J., Vaughn, B., and Flavell, J. (1974), ‘The early development of inferences about the visual percepts of others’, Child Development, 45: 357–66.

Meltzoff, A. (2002), ‘Elements of a developmental theory of imitation’, in A. Meltzoff and W. Prinz (ed.), The Imitative Mind: Development, Evolution and Brain Bases (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press), 19–41.

—— and Moore, M. K. (1977), ‘Imitation of facial and manual gestures by human neonates’, Science, 198: 179–92.

Mill, J. S. (1843), A System of Logic (London).

Milner, A. D., and Goodale, M. A. (1995), The Visual Brain in Action (Oxford: Oxford University Press).

Nudds, M. (2001), ‘Experiencing the production of sounds’, European Journal of Philosophy, 9: 210–29.

Oliver, A. D., and Smiley, T. J. (2001), ‘Strategies for a logic of plurals’, Philosophical Quarterly, 51: 289–306.

Parsons, T. (2000), Indeterminate Identity: Metaphysics and Semantics (Oxford: Clarendon Press).

Peacocke, C. (1981), ‘Demonstrative thought and psychological explanation’, Synthese, 49: 187–217.

—— (1992), A Study of Concepts (Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press).

—— (1993), ‘Intuitive mechanics, psychological reality, and the idea of a material object’, in N. Eilan, R. McCarthy, and B. Brewer (eds.), Spatial Representation (Oxford: Basil Blackwell), 162–76.

—— (1999), Being Known (Oxford: Oxford University Press).

—— (2001a), ‘Does perception have a nonconceptual content?’, Journal of Philosophy, 98: 239–64.

—— (2001b), ‘Theories of concepts: A wider task’, in J. Branquinho, J. Saagua, and A. Marques (eds.), Foundations of Cognitive Science (Oxford: Oxford University Press), 157–82.

—— (2003), ‘Postscript’, in Gunther 2003: 318–22.

—— (2004), The Realm of Reason (Oxford: Oxford University Press).

—— (2005), ‘Explaining perceptual entitlement’, in R. Schantz (ed.), The Challenge of Externalism (Berlin: W. de Gruyter).

Perry, J. (1977), ‘Frege on demonstratives’, Philosophical Review, 86: 474–97.

—— (1979), ‘The problem of the essential indexical’, Noûs, 13: 3–21. Page references are to Cassam 1994: 167–83.

Postal, P. (1971), Crossover Phenomena (New York: Holt, Rinehart and Winston).

Prawitz, D. (1965), Natural Deduction (Stockholm: Almqvist and Wiksell).

(p.318) Prior, A. N. (1955), Formal Logic (Oxford: Clarendon Press).

Quine, W. V. (1972), ‘Methodological reflections on current linguistic theory’, in Davidson and Harman 1972: 442–54.

Rayo, A., and Yablo, S. (1999), ‘Nominalism through de-nominalization’, Noûs, 35 (1): 436–64.

Reinhart, T. (1983a), Anaphora and Semantic Interpretation (Chicago: University of Chicago Press).

—— (1983b), ‘Coreference and bound anaphora: A restatement of the anaphora questions’, Linguistics and Philosophy, 6: 47–88.

—— (1999), ‘Strategies of anaphora resolution’, OTS working paper, Utrecht Institute of Linguistics.

Reuland, E. (2001), ‘Primitives of binding’, Linguistic Inquiry, 32: 439–92.

Russell, B. (1905), ‘On denoting’, Mind, 14 (56): 479–93. References to the reprinted version in R. C. Marsh (ed.), Logic and Knowledge (London: George Allen and Unwin, 1956), 41–56.

—— (1912), The Problems of Philosophy (Oxford: Oxford University Press).

—— (1917), ‘Knowledge by acquaintance and knowledge by description’, in Mysticism and Logic (London: George Allen & Unwin), 152–67.

—— and Whitehead, A. N. (1910–13), Principia Mathematica (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press).

Safir, K. (1984), ‘Multiple variable binding’, Linguistic Inquiry, 15: 603–38.

—— (2003), ‘Anaphors, movement and coconstrual’, in L.-O. Delsing, C. Falk, G. Josefsson, and H. Sigurdsson (eds.), Grammar in Focus—Grammatik i Fokus, vol. 2,Festschrift for Christer Platzack (Lund: Lund University Press), 283–303.

—— (2004a), The Syntax of Anaphora (Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press).

—— (2004b), The Syntax of (In)dependence (Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press).

—— (2004c), ‘On person as a model for logophoricity’, in A. Akinlabi (ed.), Proceedings of the Fourth World Congress of African Linguistics (Cologne: Ruediger Koeppe Verlag).

Sag, Ivan (1976), ‘Deletion and logical form’ (doctoral dissertation, MIT).

Sainsbury, R. M. (1998), ‘Indexicals and reported speech’, in Sainsbury 2002: 137–58.

—— (1999), ‘Names, fictional names, and “really” ’, in Sainsbury 2002: 159–80.

—— (2002), Departing from Frege: Essays in the Philosophy of Language (London: Routledge).

—— (2005), Reference without Referents (Oxford: Clarendon Press).

(p.319) Salmon, N. (1986), Frege's Puzzle (Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press).

Schein, B. (1993), Plurals and Events (Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press).

Schlenker, P. (2000), ‘Propositional attitudes and indexicality: A cross-categorial approach’ (revised doctoral dissertation, MIT).

Searle, J. (1958), ‘Proper names’, Mind, 67: 166–73.

—— (1983), Intentionality: An Essay in the Philosophy of Mind (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press).

Sharvy, R. (1980), ‘A more general theory of definite descriptions’, Philosophical Review, 89: 607–24.

Shoemaker, S. (1968), ‘Self-reference and self-awareness’, Journal of Philosophy, 65: 555–67.

—— (1970), ‘Persons and their pasts’, American Philosophical Quarterly, 7: 269–85.

Sloman, A. (1965), ‘Functions and rogators’, in J. Crossley and M. Dummett (eds.), Formal Systems and Recursive Functions (Amsterdam: North Holland), 55–174.

Soames, S. (2002), Beyond Rigidity (New York: Oxford University Press).

Stalnaker, R. C. (1995), ‘The interaction of modality with quantification and identity’, in W. Sinnott-Armstrong et al. (eds.), Modality, Morality, and Belief: Essays in Honour of Ruth Barcan Marcus (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press), 12–28.

Stich, S. (1979), ‘Beliefs and sub-doxastic states’, Philosophy of Science, 45 (4): 499–518.

Strawson, P. F. (1950), ‘On referring’, Mind, 59: 320–44.

—— (1956), ‘Construction and analysis’, in A. J. Ayer et al. (eds.), The Revolution in Philosophy (London: Macmillan), 97–110.

—— (1959), Individuals (London: Methuen).

—— (1971), ‘Identifying reference and truth-values’, in Logico-Linguistic Papers (London: Methuen), 75–95.

—— (1982), ‘Review of Bieri et al., Transcendental Arguments and Science’, Journal of Philosophy, 79 (1): 45–50.

—— (1997), ‘Kant's new foundations of metaphysics’, in Entity and Identity and Other Essays (Oxford: Clarendon Press), 232–43.

Streri, A. (1993), Seeing, Reaching, Touching: The Relations between Vision and Touch in Infancy (Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press).

—— and Pêcheux, M. G. (1986), ‘Cross-modal transfer of form in 5-month-old infants’, British Journal of Developmental Psychology, 4: 161–7.

Thompson, J. J. (1974), ‘Molyneux's problem’, Journal of Philosophy, 71: 637–50.

Warren, D. (1998), ‘Kant and the apriority of space’, Philosophical Review, 107: 179–224.

(p.320) Wasow, T. (1979), Anaphora in Generative Grammar (Ghent: E. Story-Scientia).

Wiggins, D. (1975), ‘Identity, designation, essentialism and physicalism’, Philosophia, 5: 1–30.

Williams, E. (1977), ‘Discourse and logical form’, Linguistic Inquiry, 8: 103–39.

Williamson, T. (1996), ‘The necessity and determinacy of distinctness’, in S. Lovibond and S. G. Williams (eds.), Essays for David Wiggins: Identity, Truth and Value (Oxford: Blackwell), 1–17.

Wimmer, H., Hogrefe, J., and Sodian, B. (1988), ‘A second stage in children's conception of mental life: Understanding informational accesses as origins of knowledge and belief’, in J. Astington, P. Harris, and D. Olson (eds.), Developing Theories of Mind, (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press), 173–93.

Wittgenstein, L. (1958), Philosophical Investigations, trans. G. E. M Anscombe, 2nd edn (Oxford: Blackwell).

Wright, C. (1981), ‘Rule-following, objectivity and theory of meaning’, in Holtzman and Leich 1981: 99–117.

Yaniv, I., and Shatz, M. (1988), ‘Children's understanding of perceptibility’, in J. Astington, P. Harris, and D. Olson (eds.), Developing Theories of Mind (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press), 93–108.

Yi, B.-U. (1999), ‘Is two a property?, Journal of Philosophy, 96: 163–90.

—— (2002), Understanding the Many (London: Routledge).