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VerbsAspect and Causal Structure$
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William Croft

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780199248582

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199248582.001.0001

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The interaction of grammatical and lexical semantics: quantitative and qualitative analyses

The interaction of grammatical and lexical semantics: quantitative and qualitative analyses

Chapter:
(p.127) 4 The interaction of grammatical and lexical semantics: quantitative and qualitative analyses
Source:
Verbs
Author(s):

William Croft

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199248582.003.0004

Chapter 4, “The interaction of grammatical and lexical semantics: quantitative and qualitative analyses”, combines qualitative analysis with multidimensional scaling (MDS), a quantitative analysis of conceptual similarity using crosslinguistic data. Dahl's detailed questionnaire data on tense and aspect are subjected to an MDS analysis and the result is interpreted with respect to the basic tense distinctions (present, past, future) and a perfective-imperfective aspectual dimension. Then a qualitative analysis of the possible aspectual interpretations of around forty aspectually diverse predicates in English and Japanese is presented and subjected to an MDS analysis. The analysis supports a general distinction between a directed aspectual type (the perfective “prototype”) and an undirected aspectual type (the imperfective “prototype”).

Keywords:   aspect, perfective, imperfective, semantic map, multidimensional scaling, tense-aspect constructions, English, Japanese

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