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VerbsAspect and Causal Structure$
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William Croft

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780199248582

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199248582.001.0001

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Introduction

Introduction

Chapter:
(p.1) 1 Introduction
Source:
Verbs
Author(s):

William Croft

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199248582.003.0001

Chapter 1, “Introduction”, provides the theoretical framework for the analyses in the subsequent chapters. Different means for representing semantic structure - logical formulas, diagrams, and geometric representations - are compared. The approach taken in this book is to employ a largely geometric representation because aspectual structure in particular requires representation with continuous dimensions. Two major constructs in conceptual semantics are introduced: semantic frames, in which conceptually presupposed semantic structure is included with the denoted concept; and construal, in which alternative conceptualizations of a single event are expressed in different grammatical constructions and lexical choices. Finally, the focus on tense-aspect constructions and argument structure constructions is motivated in terms of the principles of construction grammar.

Keywords:   verbs, case, grammatical relations, event structure, semantic frames, construal, construction grammar, semantic representation

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