The Decline of Patronage
This chapter shows that during the late Republic patrocinium of cities flourished because it was a mutually beneficial relationship. It was advantageous for a provincial city to have a senatorial patron in Rome to defend its interests before his peers. The senator also benefited: having distant cities in his clientele, and being seen to defend their interests and to exercise influence in their favour, increased his prestige before his peers and the electorate. This changed with the introduction of the principate. The very existence of the emperor, combined with the ease with which provincial cities could approach him with their problems, undercut the cities' need for senatorial patrons.
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