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The Life of David Hume$
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Ernest C. Mossner

Print publication date: 2001

Print ISBN-13: 9780199243365

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199243365.001.0001

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The Philosophes

The Philosophes

Chapter:
(p.475) Chapter 33 The Philosophes
Source:
The Life of David Hume
Author(s):

Ernest Campbell Mossner

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199243365.003.0033

One of the first philosophes that David Hume met at Paris, the German-born Paul-Henri Thiry, Baron d'Holbach, was devoting all his efforts and his great wealth to the interests of the arts and sciences. Skilled in languages, ancient and modern, and well read in modern literature, philosophy, and science, he had contributed articles on metallurgy to the Encyclopédie and was a patron of its general editors, Denis Diderot and Jean D'Alembert. Holbach's house on the rue Royale, Butte St Roche, was the meeting place – facetiously named the ‘synagogue’ – of the leading intellectuals, and sumptuous dinners with costly wines were served every Sunday and Thursday. D'Alembert was Hume's favourite among the philosophes. To a foundling exposed near the church of St Jean le Rond in Paris was given the name of Jean Le Rond, to which was later added the surname of D'Alembert. Educated in philosophy and theology by the Jansenists, he acquired higher mathematics by himself.

Keywords:   philosophes, David Hume, Paul-Henri Thiry, Baron d'Holbach, arts, philosophy, Encyclopédie, Denis Diderot, Jean D'Alembert, Butte St Roche

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