This chapter begins with a review of the reasons for delving into cognitive science. It then considers two rival views of knowledge: the mainstream computational-representational view and the emerging situated-action view. The latter underpins the interactionist, constructivist view of knowledge adopted in this book. However mental representations are retained in some sense by employing Edelman's ‘neural Darwinism’. For a further exploration of cognitive structure, the chapter considers the concept of scripts, and the criticism of it.
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