Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Sexual and Marital metaphors in Hosea, Jeremiah, Isaiah, and Ezekiel$

Sharon Moughtin-Mumby

Print publication date: 2008

Print ISBN-13: 9780199239085

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2008

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199239085.001.0001

Show Summary Details
Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.oxfordscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2018. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use (for details see www.oxfordscholarship.com/page/privacy-policy). Subscriber: null; date: 19 November 2018

(p.277) Works Cited

(p.277) Works Cited

Sexual and Marital metaphors in Hosea, Jeremiah, Isaiah, and Ezekiel
Oxford University Press

Bibliography references:

Abma, R. (1999), Bonds of Love: Methodic Studies of Prophetic Texts with Marriage Imagery (Isaiah 50: 1–3 and 54: 1–10, Hosea 1–3, Jeremiah 2–3), SSN (Assen: van Gorcum).

Abrams, M. H. (1993), A Glossary of Literary Terms, 6th edn. (Fort Worth: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich College Publishers).

Achtemeier, E. (1982), The Community and Message of Isaiah 56–66: A Theological Commentary (Minneapolis: Augsburg).

Ackerman, S. (1992), ‘Isaiah’, in C. A. Newsom and S. H. Ringe (eds.), The Women' Bible Commentary (London: SPCK; Louisville, Ky.: Westminster John Knox Press), 161–8.

—— (1993), ‘The Queen Mother and the Cult in Ancient Israel’, JBL 112, 385–401.

Ackroyd, P. R. (1962), ‘Hosea’, in M. Black and H. H. Rowley (eds.), Peake' Commentary on the Bible, rev. edn. (London and New York: T. Nelson), 603–13.

—— (1987), ‘Isaiah 1–12: Presentation of a Prophet’, in Studies in the Religious Tradition of the Old Testament (London: SCM), 79–104.

Adler, E. J. (1990), ‘The Background for the Metaphor of Covenant as Marriage in the Hebrew Bible’ (Ph.D. dissertation, University of California, Berkeley).

Albertz, R. (1982), ‘Jer. 2–6 und die Frühzeitverkündigung Jeremias’, ZAW 94, 20–47.

Allen, L. (1990), Ezekiel 20–48, WBC 29 (Dallas: Word Books).

—— (1992), ‘The Structuring of Ezekiel' Revisionist History Lesson (Ezekiel 20. 3–31)’, CBQ 54, 448–62.

—— (1994), Ezekiel 1–19 WBC 28 (Dallas: Word Books).

Alonso‐Schökel, L. (1967), The Inspired Word: Scripture in the Light of Language and Literature, trans. F. Martin (London: Burns & Oates).

Andersen, F. T., and D. N. Freedman (1980), Hosea: A New Translation with Introduction and Commentary, AB 24 (New York: Doubleday).

Andreasen, N.‐E. (1983), ‘The Role of the Queen Mother in Israelite Society’, CBQ 45, 179–94.

Auld, A. G. (1986), Amos, OTG (Sheffield: JSOT Press).

Bailey, K. E., and Holladay W. L. (1968), ‘The “Young Camel” and “Wild Ass” in Jer 2: 23–25’, VT 18, 256–60.

Bal, M. (1988), Death and Dissymmetry: The Politics of Coherence in the Book of Judges (Chicago and London: University of Chicago Press).

—— (1993), ‘Metaphors He Lives By’, in C. V. Camp and C. R. Fontaine (eds.), Women, War, and Metaphor: Language and Society in the Study of the Hebrew Bible, Semeia 61, 185–207.

Baltzer, K. (2001), Deutero‐Isaiah: A Commentary on Isaiah 40–55, trans. M. Kohl, Herm (Minneapolis: Fortress Press).

(p.278) Balz‐Cochois, H., (1982a), Gomer: Der Höhenkult‐Israels im Selbstverständnis der Volksfrömmigkeit: Untersuchungen zu Hosea 4, 1–5, 7, EH 23 (Frankfurt: Peter Lang).

—— (1982b), ‘Gomer oder die Macht der Astarte: Versuch einer feministischen Interpretation von Hos. 1–4’, Evangelische Theologie 42, 37–65.

Barr, J. (1961), The Semantics of Biblical Language (London: OUP).

Barton, J. (1990), ‘History and Rhetoric in the Prophets’, in M. Warner (ed.), The Bible as Rhetoric: Studies in Biblical Persuasion and Credibility, WSPL (London and New York: Routledge), 51–64.

—— (1995), Isaiah 1–39, OTG (Sheffield: SAP).

—— (1998), ‘Historical‐critical Approaches’, in J. Barton (ed.), The Cambridge Companion to Biblical Literature, CCR (Cambridge: CUP), 9–20.

—— (2002), ‘Thinking about Reader‐Response Criticism’, ET 113.5, 147–51.

Batten, L. W. (1929), ‘Hosea' Message and Marriage’, JBL 48, 257.

Bauer, A. (1999a), ‘Dressed to be Killed: Jeremiah 4.29–31 as an Example for the Functions of Female Imagery in Jeremiah’, in A. R. P. Diamond, K. M. O'Connor, and L. Stulman (eds.), Troubling Jeremiah, JSOTS 260 (Sheffield: SAP), 293–305.

—— (1999b), Gender in the Book of Jeremiah: A Feminist Literary Reading (New York: Peter Lang).

Baumann, G. (1999), ‘Connected by Marriage, Adultery, and Violence: The Prophetic Marriage Metaphor in the Book of the Twelve and in the Major Prophets’, Society of Biblical Literature Seminar Papers 38 (Atlanta: Scholars Press), 552–69.

—— (2001), ‘Prophetic Objections to YHWH as the Violent Husband of Israel: Reinterpretations of the Prophetic Marriage Metaphor in Second Isaiah (Isaiah 40–55)’, in A. Brenner (ed.), Prophets and Daniel: A Feminist Companion to the Bible, 2nd ser. (Sheffield: Continuum), 88–120.

—— (2003), Love and Violence: Marriage as Metaphor for the Relationship between YHWH and Israel in the Prophetic Books, trans. L. M. Maloney (Collegeville, Minn.: Liturgical Press).

Beardsley, M. C. (1958), Aesthetics: Problems in the Philosophy of Criticism (New York: Harcourt, Brace & World).

—— (1981), ‘The Metaphorical Twist’, in M. Johnson (ed.), Philosophical Perspectives on Metaphor (Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press), 105–22.

Bechtel, L. M. (2004), ‘The Metaphors of “Canaanite” and “Baal” in Hosea’, in J. Kaltner and L. Stulman (eds.), Inspired Speech: Prophecy in the Ancient Near East: Essays in Honour of H. B. Huffmon, JSOTS 378 (London and New York: T. & T. Clark), 203–15.

Ben Zvi, E. (2004), ‘Observations on the Marital Metaphor of YHWH and Israel in its Ancient Israelite Context: General Considerations and Particular Images in Hosea 1.2’, JSOT 28.3, 363–84.

—— (2005), Hosea, FOTL 21A/1 (Grand Rapids, Mich., and Cambridge: William B. Eerdmans).

Berges, U. (2001), ‘Personifications and Prophetic Voices of Zion in Isaiah and Beyond’, in J. C. de Moor (ed.), The Elusive Prophet: The Prophet as a Historical Person, Literary Character and Anonymous Artist, OTS 45 (Leiden, Boston, and Cologne: Brill), 54–82.

(p.279) Bergman, J., A. O. Halder, and G. Wallis (1974), ‘אׇהַב‎’, in TDOT, i. Mich.: 99–118.

Beuken, W. A. M. (1974), ‘Isaiah 54: The Multiple Identity of the Person Addressed’, in Language and Meaning: Studies in Hebrew Language and Biblical Exegesis, OTS 19 (Leiden: Brill), 29–70.

Biddle, M. E. (1990), A Redaction History of Jeremiah 2: 1–4: 2, ATANT 77 (Zürich: Theologischer Verlag).

—— (1991), ‘The Figure of Lady Jerusalem: Identification, Deification and Personification of Cities in the Ancient Near East’, in K. Lawson, W. W. Hallo, and B. F. Batto (eds.), The Biblical Canon in Comparative Perspective, Ancient Near Eastern Texts and Studies 11 (Lewiston, NY: Edwin Mellen Press), 173–94.

—— (1996), ‘Lady Zion' Alter Egos: Isaiah 47. 1–15 and 57. 6–13 as Structural Counterparts’, in R. F. Melugin and M. A. Sweeney (eds.), New Visions of Isaiah, JSOTS 214 (Sheffield: SAP), 124–39.

Biggs, C. R. (1996), The Book of Ezekiel, EC (London: Epworth Press).

Binger, T. (1997), Asherah: Goddesses in Ugarit, Israel and the Old Testament, JSOTS 232, CIS 2 (Sheffield: SAP).

Bird, P. A. (1989), ‘ “To Play the Harlot”: An Inquiry into an Old Testament Metaphor’, in P. L. Day (ed.), Gender and Difference in Ancient Israel (Minneapolis: Fortress Press), 75–94.

—— (1997), ‘Cultic Prostitution’, in J. A. Emerton (ed.), Congress Volume 1995, VTS 66 (Leiden: Brill, 1997), 37–80.

—— (1998), ‘What Makes a Feminist Reading Feminist? A Qualified Answer’, in H. C. Washington, S. L. Graham, and P. Thimmes (eds.), Escaping Eden: New Feminist Perspectives on the Bible, The Biblical Seminar 65 (Sheffield: SAP), 124–31.

Bisschops, R. (2003), ‘Are Religious Metaphors Rooted in Experience? On Ezekiel' Wedding Metaphors’, in K. Feyaerts (ed.), The Bible through Metaphor and Translation: A Cognitive Semantic Perpsective, Religions and Discourse 15 (Bern: Peter Lang), 113–51.

Bitter, S. (1975), Die Ehe des Propheten Hosea: eine auslegungsgeschichtliche Untersuchung, GTA 3 (Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht).

Black, M. (1962), ‘Metaphor’, in Models and Metaphors: Studies in Language and Philosophy (Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press), 25–47.

—— (1979), ‘More about Metaphor’, in A. Ortony (ed.), Metaphor and Thought (Cambridge: CUP), 19–43.

Bleeker, L. (1932), De kleine Profeten: Amos en Hosea, i (Groningen: Den Haag).

Blenkinsopp, J. (1990), Ezekiel, Interp (Louisville, Ky.: John Knox Press).

—— (2000), Isaiah 1–39: A New Translation with Commentary and Introduction, AB 19 (New York: Doubleday).

—— (2002), Isaiah 40–55: A New Translation with Commentary and Introduction, AB 19A (New York: Doubleday).

Bloch, A., and C. Bloch (1995), The Song of Songs: A New Translation (Berkeley, Los Angeles, and London: University of California Press).

Bloch, R. (1955), ‘Ézéchiel 16, exemple parfait du procédé midrashique dans la Bible’, CS 9, 193–223.

(p.280) Block, D. I. (1997), The Book of Ezekiel: Chapters 1–24 (Grand Rapids, Mich., and Cambridge: W. B. Eerdmans).

Boadt, L., (1980), Ezekiel' Oracles Against Egypt—A Literary and Philological Study of Ezekiel 29–32, BibOr 37 (Rome: Biblical Institute Press).

—— (1982), Jeremiah 1–25, OTM 9 (Wilmington, Del.: Michael Glazier).

—— (1986), ‘Rhetorical Strategies in Ezekiel' Oracles of Judgement’, in J. Lust (ed.), Ezekiel and His Book: Textual and Literary Criticism and their Relation, BETL 74 (Leuven: Leuven University Press and Peeters), 182–200.

Bons, E. (1999), ‘Osée 1, 2: un tour d'horizon de l'interprétation’, Revue des sciences religieuses 73.2, 207–27.

Booth, W. (1978), ‘Metaphor as Rhetoric: The Problem of Evaluation’, in S. Sacks (ed.), On Metaphor (Chicago: University of Chicago Press), 47–70.

Box, G. H. (1908), The Book of Isaiah: Translated from a Text Revised in Accordance with the Results of Recent Criticism (London and New York: I. Pitman).

Brenner, A. (1982), Colour Terms in the Old Testament, JSOTS 21 (Sheffield: JSOT Press).

—— (1985), The Israelite Woman: Social Role & Literary Type in Biblical Narrative, BibSem (Sheffield: JSOT Press).

—— (1993), ‘On “Jeremiah” and the Poetics of Pornography’, in A. Brenner and F. van Dijk‐Hemmes, On Gendering Texts: Female and Male Voices in the Hebrew Bible, BIS 1 (London, New York, and Cologne: Brill), 177–93.

—— (1994), ‘On Incest’, in A. Brenner, (ed.), A Feminist Companion to Exodus and Deuteronomy (Sheffield: SAP), 113–38.

—— (1995), ‘Introduction’, in A. Brenner (ed.) A Feminist Companion to the Latter Prophets, FCB 8 (Sheffield: SAP), 21–37.

—— (1996), ‘Pornoprophetics Revisited: Some Additional Reflections’, JSOT 70, 63–86.

—— (1997a), ‘Identifying the Speaker‐in‐the‐Text and the Reader' Location in Prophetic Texts: The Case of Isaiah 50’, in A. Brenner, and C. Fontaine (eds.), A Feminist Companion to Reading the Bible: Approaches, Methods and Strategies (Sheffield: SAP), 136–50.

—— (1997b), The Intercourse of Knowledge: On Gendering Desire and ‘Sexuality’ in the Hebrew Bible, IS 26 (Leiden, New York, and Cologne: Brill).

—— (2004), ‘Some Reflections on Violence against Women and the Image of the Hebrew God: The Prophetic Books Revisited’, in J. Schaberg, A. Bach, and E. Fuchs (eds.), On the Cutting Edge: The Study of Women in Biblical Worlds: Essays in Honor of Elisabeth Schüssler Fiorenza (New York and London: Continuum), 69–81.

Brettler, M. Z. (1998), ‘Incompatible Metaphors for YHWH in Isaiah 40–55’, JSOT 78, 97–120.

Bright, J. (1951), ‘The Date of the Prose Sermons of Jeremiah’, JBL 70, 15–35.

—— (1955), ‘The Book of Jeremiah: Its Structure, Its Problems, and Their Significance for the Interpreter’, Int 9, 259–78.

—— (1965), Jeremiah: A New Translation with Introduction and Commentary, AB 21 (New York: Doubleday & Company).

(p.281) Broome, E. C. (1946), ‘Ezekiel' Abnormal Personality’, JBL 65, 277–92.

Brownlee, W. H. (1986), Ezekiel 1–19, WBC 28 (Waco, Tex.: Word Books).

Brueggemann, W. (1973), ‘Jeremiah' Use of Rhetorical Questions’, JBL 92, 358–74.

—— (1998), To Pluck Up, To Tear Down: A Commentary on the Book of Jeremiah 1–25, ITC (Grand Rapids, Mich.: Eerdmans, 88).

Buber, M. (1949), The Prophetic Faith (New York: Macmillan).

—— (1968), On the Bible: Eighteen Studies (New York: Schocken Books).

Budde, K. (1922), ‘Eine folgenschwere Redaktion des Zwölfprophetenbuchs’, ZAW 39, 218–29.

Buss, M. J. (1969), The Prophetic Word of Hosea: A Morphological Study, BZAW 111 (Berlin: Alfred Töpelmann).

—— (1984), ‘Tragedy and Comedy in Hosea’, Semeia 32, 71–82.

Callaway, M. (1986), Sing, O Barren One: A Study in Comparative Midrash, SBLDS 91 (Atlanta: Scholars Press).

Camp, C. (1985), Wisdom and the Feminine in the Book of Proverbs, BLS 11 (Sheffield: Almond Press).

Carley, K. W. (1974), The Book of the Prophet Ezekiel (Cambridge: CUP).

Carr, D. (1993), ‘Reaching for Unity in Isaiah’, JSOT 57, 61–80.

Carroll, R. P. (1986), Jeremiah: A Commentary, OTL (London: SCM).

—— (1995), ‘Desire under the Terebinths: On Pornographic Representation in the Prophets—A Response’, in A. Brenner (ed.), A Feminist Companion to the Latter Prophets, FCB 8 (Sheffield: SAP), 275–307.

—— (1996), ‘Whorusalamin: A Tale of Three Cities as Three Sisters’, in B. Becking and M. Dijkstra (eds.), On Reading Prophetic Texts: Gender‐Specific and Related Studies in Memory of Fokkelein van Dijk‐Hemmes, BIS 18 (Leiden: Brill), 67–82.

Cassuto, U. (1973), ‘The Second Chapter of the Book of Hosea’, in Biblical and Oriental Studies, i (Jerusalem: Magnes Press), 101–40.

Chapman, C. R. (2004), The Gendered Language of Warfare in the Israelite‐Assyrian Encounter, HSM 62 (Winona Lake, Ind.: Eisenbrauns).

Childs, B. S. (2001), Isaiah, OTL (Louisville, Ky., and London: Westminster John Knox Press).

Chisholm, R. B. (1987), ‘Wordplay in the Eighth‐Century Prophets’, BS 144, 44–52.

Clements, R. E. (1975), Prophecy and Tradition, GPT (Oxford: Basil Blackwell).

—— (1988), Jeremiah, Interp (Atlanta: John Knox Press).

—— (1996), Ezekiel, WmBC (Louisville, Ky.: Westminster John Knox Press).

Clines, D. J. A. (1976), I, He, We & They: A Literary Approach to Isaiah 53, JSOTS 1 (Sheffield: JSOT Press).

—— (1979), ‘Hosea 2: Structure and Interpretation’, in E. A. Livingstone (ed.), Studia Biblica 1978, JSOTS 11 (Sheffield: SAP), 83–103.

—— and D. M. Gunn (1978), ‘ “You Tried to Persuade Me” and “Violence! Outrage!” in Jeremiah XX 7–8’, VT 28.1, 20–7.

Coggins, R. (2001), ‘Isaiah’, in J. Barton and J. Muddiman (eds.), The Oxford Bible Commentary (Oxford: OUP), 433–86.

Cohen, C. (1972), ‘Widow’, in EJ xvi (Jerusalem: Keter Publishing House), 487–96.

(p.282) Cohen, C. (1973), ‘The “Widowed” City’, JANESCU 5, 75–81.

Cohen, G. (1966), ‘The Song of Songs and the Jewish Religious Mentality’, in L. Finkelstein et al. (eds.), The Samuel Friedland Lectures: 1960–1966 (New York: Jewish Theological Seminary), 1–21.

Connolly, T. J. (1998), ‘Metaphor and Abuse in Hosea’, Feminist Theology 18 (May), 55–66.

Cooke, G. A. (1936), A Critical and Exegetical Commentary on the Book of Ezekiel, ICC (Edinburgh: T. & T. Clark).

Cooper, G., and J. Goldingay (2002), ‘Hosea and Gomer Visit the Marriage Counsellor’, in P. R. Davies (ed.), First Person Essays in Biblical Autobiography, The Biblical Seminar 81 (London and New York: SAP), 119–36.

Cornill, C. H. (1905), Das Buch Jeremia (Leipzig: C. H. Tauchnitz).

Craigie, P. C., P. H. Kelley, and J. F. Drinkard (1991), Jeremiah 1–25, WBC 26 (Dallas: Word Books).

Daniels, D. R. (1987), ‘Is There a “Prophetic Lawsuit” Genre?’, ZAW 99, 339–60.

Darr, K. P. (1992a), ‘Ezekiel’, in C. A. Newsom and S. H. Ringe (eds.), The Women's Bible Commentary (London: SPCK; Louisville, Ky.: Westminster John Knox Press), 183–190.

—— (1992b), ‘Ezekiel's Justification of God: Teaching Troubling Texts’, JSOT 55, 97–117.

—— (1994), Isaiah's Vision and the Family of God, LCBI (Louisville, Ky.: Westminster John Knox Press).

—— (1995), ‘Literary Perspectives on Prophetic Literature’, in J. L. Mays, D. L. Petersen, and K. H. Richards (eds.), Old Testament Interpretation: Past, Present and Future (Edinburgh: T. & T. Clark), 127–43.

Davidovich, T. (2005), ‘A New Approach to Ezekiel 23,20’, SJOT 19.2, 193–202.

Davidson, A. B. (1899), ‘Hosea’, in J. Hastings (ed.), A Dictionary of the Bible, ii (Edinburgh: T. & T. Clark), 419–25.

Davies, E. W. (2003), The Dissenting Reader: Feminist Approaches to the Hebrew Bible (Aldershot and Burlington, Vt.: Ashgate).

Davies, G. I. (1992), Hosea, NCBC (Grand Rapids, Mich.: W. B. Eerdmans; London: Marshall Pickering).

—— (1993), Hosea, OTG (Sheffield: SAP).

Davies, P. R. (1992), In Search of Ancient Israel, JSOTS 148 (Sheffield: SAP).

Davis, E. F. (1989), Swallowing the Scroll: Textuality and the Dynamics of Discourse in Ezekiel's Prophecy, JSOTS 21 (Sheffield: Almond Press).

Day, J. (1980), ‘A Case of Inner Scriptural Interpretation’, JTS 31, 314–15.

—— (1986), ‘Asherah in the Hebrew Bible and Northwest Semitic Literature’, JBL 105, 385–408.

—— (1989), Molech: A God of Human Sacrifice in the Old Testament, COP 41 (Cambridge: CUP).

—— (1992), ‘Asherah’, in ABD, i. 483–7.

—— (2001), ‘Hosea’, in J. Barton and J. Muddiman (eds.), The Oxford Bible Commentary (Oxford: OUP), 571–8.

(p.283) Day, L. (2000), ‘Rhetoric and Domestic Violence in Ezekiel 16’, BibInt 8.3, 205–30.

Day, P. L. (2000), ‘Adulterous Jerusalem's Imagined Demise: Death of a Metaphor in Ezekiel XVI’, VT 50.3, 285–309.

—— (2004), ‘Metaphor and Social Reality: Isaiah 23. 17–18, Ezekiel 16. 35–37 and Hosea 2. 4–5’, in J. Kaltner and L. Stulman (eds.), Inspired Speech: Prophecy in the Ancient Near East: Essays in Honour of Herbert B. Huffmon (London and New York: T. & T. Clark International), 63–71.

Dearman, A. (1999), ‘YHWH's House: Gender Roles and Metaphors for Israel’, JNSL 25.1, 97–108.

Delcor, M. (1967), ‘Two Special Meanings of the Word יד‎ in Biblical Hebrew’, JSS 12, 234–40.

Dempsey, C. J. (1998), ‘The “Whore” of Ezekiel 16: The Impact and Ramifications of Gender‐Specific Metaphors in Light of Biblical Law and Divine Judgement’, in V. H. Matthews, B. M. Levinson, and Tikva Frymer‐Kensky (eds.), Gender and Law in the Hebrew Bible and the Ancient Near East, JSOTS 262 (Sheffield: SAP), 57–78.

DeRoche, M. (1981), ‘The Reversal of Creation in Hosea’, VT 31.4, 400–9.

—— (1983a), ‘Jeremiah 2: 2–3 and Israel's Love for God during the Wilderness Wanderings’, CBQ 45.3, 364–76.

—— (1983b), ‘Structure, Rhetoric, and Meaning in Hosea IV 4–10’, VT 33.2, 185–98.

—— (1983c), ‘Yahweh's rîb against Israel: A Reassessment of the So‐called “Prophetic Lawsuit” in the Preexilic Prophets’, JBL 102, 563–74.

Diamond, A. R. P., and K. M. O'Connor (1996), ‘Unfaithful Passions: Coding Women Coding Men in Jeremiah 2–3 (4.2)’, BibInt 4, 288–310.

Dietrich, M., and O. Loretz (1992), ‘Jahwe und seine Aschera’: Anthropomorphes Kultbild in Mesopotamien, Ugarit und Israel: Das biblische Bilderverbot, UBL (Münster: Ugarit‐Verlag).

Dijk‐Hemmes, F. van (1989), ‘The Imagination of Power and the Power of Imagination: An Intertextual Analysis of Two Biblical Love Songs: The Song of Songs and Hosea 2’, JSOT 44, 75–88.

—— (1993), ‘The Metaphorization of Woman in Prophetic Speech: An Analysis of Ezekiel XXIII’, in A. Brenner and F. van Dijk‐Hemmes, On Gendering Texts: Female and Male Voices in the Hebrew Bible, BIS 1 (Leiden: Brill), 167–76.

Dille, S. J. (2004), Mixing Metaphors: God as Mother and Father, JSOTS 398, GCT 13 (London and New York: T. & T. Clark).

DiYanni, R. (1994), Modern American Poets: Their Voices and Visions, 2nd edn. (New York: McGraw‐Hill Publishing).

Döderlein, J. C. (1775), Esaias (Altdorf).

Domeris, W. R. (1999), ‘When Metaphor Becomes Myth: A Socio‐Linguistic Reading of Jeremiah’, in A. R. P. Diamond, K. M. O'Connor, and L. Stulman (eds.), Troubling Jeremiah, JSOTS 260 (Sheffield: SAP), 244–62.

Doorly, W. J. (1991), Prophet of Love: Understanding the Book of Hosea (Mahwah, NJ: Paulist Press).

Driver, G. R., and J. C. Miles (1935), The Assyrian Laws, ACLNE 2 (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1935).

(p.284) Driver, G. R., (1937/8), ‘Linguistic and Textual Problems: Jeremiah’, JQR NS 28, 97–129.

Driver, S. R. (1906), The Book of the Prophet Jeremiah: A Revised Translation with Introductions and Short Explanations (London: Hodder & Stoughton).

Duhm, B. (1892), Das Buch Jesaja, HAT (Tübingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht).

—— (1910), Die zwölf Propheten, in den Versmassen der Urschrift übersetzt, PPBAT 4 (Tübingen: Verlag von J. C. B. Mohr [Paul Siebeck]).

Durand, J‐M. (1991), ‘The Status and Right of the Gebira’, JBL 110, 23–34.

Durlesser, J. A. (1988), ‘The Rhetoric of Allegory in the book of Ezekiel’ (Ph.D. dissertation, University of Pittsburgh).

Ehrlich, A. B. (1912), Randglossen zur hebräischen Bibel: textkritisches sprachliches und sachliches IV: Jesaia, Jeremia (Leipzig: J. C. Hinrichs'sche Buchhandlung).

Eichrodt, W. (1970), Ezekiel, OTL (London: SCM).

—— (1993), ‘Lions and Birds as Literature: Some Notes on Isaiah 31 and Hosea 11’, SJOT 7, 78–87.

Eidevall, G. (1996), Grapes in the Desert: Metaphors, Models and Themes in Hosea 4–14, CBOT 43 (Stockholm: Almqvist & Wiksell).

Eilberg‐Schwartz, H. (1994), God's Phallus and Other Problems for Men and Monotheism (Boston: Beacon Press).

Eissfeldt, O. (1935), Molk als Opferbegriff im Punischen und Hebräischen und das Ende des Gottes Moloch, BRA 3 (Halle: M. Niemeyer).

—— (1965), The Old Testament: An Introduction (Oxford: Basil Blackwell).

Emmerson, G. I. (1984), Hosea: An Israelite Prophet in Judean Perspective, JSOTS 28 (Sheffield: JSOT Press).

—— (1992), Isaiah 56–66, OTG (Sheffield: SAP).

Erlandsson, S. (1980), ‘זׇנׇה‎’, in TDOT, iv. 99–104.

Eslinger, L. (1998), ‘Ezekiel 20 and the Metaphor of Historical Teleology: Concepts of Biblical Theology’, JSOT 81, 93–125.

Exum, J. C. (1996), ‘Prophetic Pornography’, in Plotted, Shot and Painted: Cultural Representations of Biblical Women, JSOTS 215, GCT 3 (Sheffield: SAP), 101–28.

—— (2000), ‘Ten Things Every Feminist Should Know about the Song of Songs’, in A. Brenner and C. R. Fontaine (eds.), A Feminist Companion to the Bible, 2nd ser. (Sheffield: SAP), 24–35.

—— (2005), Song of Songs, OTL (Louisville, Ky.: Westminster John Knox Press).

Eybers, I. H. (1964–5), ‘The Matrimonial Life of Hosea’, OTWSA 7.8, 11–34.

Eynde, S. van den (2001), ‘Taking Broken Cisterns for the Fountain of Living Water: On the Background of the Metaphor of the Whore in Jeremiah’, Biblische Notizen 110, 86–96.

Fensham, F. C. (1984), ‘The Marriage Metaphor in Hosea for the Covenant Relationship between the Lord and His People (Hos. 1: 2–9)’, JNSL 12, 71–8.

Ferber, M. (1991), The Poetry of William Blake, Penguin Critical Series (London: Penguin Books Ltd.).

Fisch, H. (1988), Poetry with a Purpose: Biblical Poetics and Interpretation, ISBL (Bloomington and Indianapolis: Indiana University Press).

(p.285) Fishbane, M. (1985), Biblical Interpretation in Ancient Israel (Oxford: OUP).

Fisher, E. J. (1996), ‘Cultic Prostitution in the Ancient Near East: A Reassessment’, BTB 6, 225–36.

Fitzgerald, A. (1972), ‘The Mythological Background for the Presentation of Jerusalem as a Queen and False Worship as Adultery in the OT’, CBQ 34, 403–16.

—— (1975), ‘BTWLT and BT as Titles for Capital Cities’, CBQ 27, 167–83.

Fohrer, G. (1962), ‘Jesaja 1 als Zusammenfassung der Verkündigung Jesajas’, ZAW 74, 251–68.

—— (1970), Introduction to the Old Testament (London: SPCK).

—— (1974), Die Propheten des Alten Testaments, i (Gütersloh: Gütersloher Verlaghaus Gerd Mohn).

Follis, E. R. (1987), ‘The Holy City as Daughter’, in E. R. Follis (ed.), Directions in Biblical Hebrew Poetry, JSOTS 40 (Sheffield, SAP), 173–84.

Fontaine, C. (1995a), ‘Hosea’, in A. Brenner (ed.), A Feminist Companion to the Latter Prophets, FCB 8 (Sheffield: SAP), 40–59.

—— (1995b), ‘A Response to “Hosea” ’, in A. Brenner (ed.), A Feminist Companion to the Latter Prophets, FCB 8 (Sheffield: SAP), 60–9.

Fox, M. V. (1985), The Song of Songs and the Ancient Egyptian Love Songs (Madison: University of Wisconsin Press).

—— (2000), Proverbs 1–9: A New Translation with Introduction and Commentary, AB (New York: Doubleday).

Franzmann, M. (1995), ‘The City as Woman: The Case of Babylon in Isaiah 47’, Australian Biblical Review 43, 1–19.

Frazer, J. G. (1890), The Golden Bough: A Study in Comparative Religion (London: Macmillan).

Freedman, D. N., and B. E. Willoughby (1998), ‘נׇאַף‎’, in TDOT, ix. 113–18.

Friebel, K. G. (1999), Jeremiah and Ezekiel's Sign‐Acts, JSOTS 238 (Sheffield: SAP).

Friedman, M. A. (1980), ‘Israel's Response in Hosea 2:17b: “You are my Husband” ’, JBL 99, 199–204.

Frye, N. (1974), ‘Allegory’, in A. Preminger (ed.), Princeton Encyclopedia of Poetry and Poetics (Princeton: Princeton University Press), 12–15.

Frymer‐Kensky, T. (1992a), In the Wake of the Goddesses: Women, Culture, and the Biblical Transformation of Pagan Myth (New York and Toronto: Free Press).

—— (1992b), ‘Sex and Sexuality: D. The Metaphysics of Sexuality,’ ABD 5, 1144–6.

Fuerst, W. J. (1975), The Books of Ruth, Esther, Ecclesiastes, The Song of Songs, Lamentations: The Five Scrolls, CBC (Cambridge: CUP).

Galambush, J. (1992), Jerusalem in the Book of Ezekiel: The City as Yahweh's Wife, SBLDS 130 (Atlanta: Scholars Press).

Gelston, A. (1974), ‘Kingship in the Book of Hosea’, OTS 19, 71–85.

Giesebrecht, F. (1907), Das Buch Jeremia: übersetzt und erklärt, HAT 3 (Göttingen: Vanderhoeck & Ruprecht).

Gillingham, S. (1992), ‘ “Who Makes the Morning Darkness”: God and Creation in the Book of Amos’, SJT 45.2, 165–84.

Ginsberg, H. L. (1967), ‘Lexicographical Notes’, in Hebräische Wortforschung, VTS 16 (Leiden: Brill), 71–82.

(p.286) Glazov, G. Y. (2001), The Bridling of the Tongue and the Opening of the Mouth in Biblical Prophecy, JSOTS 311 (Sheffield: SAP).

Good, E. M. (1966), ‘The Composition of Hosea’, SEÅ 31, 21–63.

Goodfriend, E. A. (1992a), ‘Adultery’, in ABD i. 82–6.

—— (1992b), ‘Prostitution’, in ABD v. 505–10.

Goodman, N. (1968), Languages of Art: An Approach to a Theory of Symbols (Indianapolis: Bobbs‐Merrill).

Gordis, R. (1971), ‘Hosea's Marriage and Message’, in Poets, Prophets and Sages: Essays in Biblical Interpretation (Bloomington: Indiana University Press), 230–54.

Gordon, C. H. (1936), ‘Hos 2: 4–5 in the Light of New Semitic Inscriptions’, ZAW 54, 277–80.

Gordon, R. P. (1986), 1 & 2 Samuel: A Commentary (Exeter: The Paternoster Press).

Gottwald, N. K (1954), Studies in the Book of Lamentations, SBT 14 (London: SCM).

Gowan, D. E. (1985), Ezekiel (Atlanta: John Knox).

Graetz, N. (1995), ‘The Metaphoric Battering of Hosea's Wife’, in A. Brenner (ed.), A Feminist Companion to the Latter Prophets, FCB 8 (Sheffield: SAP), 126–45.

Gravett, S. (2004), ‘Reading “Rape” in the Hebrew Bible’, JSOT 28.3, 279–99.

Greenberg, M. (1983), Ezekiel 1–20, AB 22 (Garden City, NY: Doubleday).

—— (1987), ‘Ezekiel 15: A Panorama of Passions’, in J. H. Marks and R. M. Good (eds.), Love and Death in the Ancient Near East: Essays in Honor of Marvin H. Pope (Guilford, Conn.: Four Quarters Publishing Company), 143–50.

—— (1997), Ezekiel 21–37, AB 22A (New York: Doubleday, 1997).

Greenfield, J. C. (1982), ‘Two Biblical Passages in the Light of Their Near Eastern Background—Ezekiel 16:30 and Malachi 3:17’, Eretz Israel 16, 56–61.

Grey, W. (2000), ‘Metaphor and Meaning’, Minerva: An Internet Journal of Philosophy 4 (http://www.ul.i.e./∼philos/vol4/metaphor.html).

Gruber, M. I. (1983), ‘The Motherhood of God in Second Isaiah’, RB 90, 351–9.

—— (1986), ‘Hebrew qĕdēšÂh and her Canaanite and Akkadian Cognates’, UF 18, 133–48.

Gunn, D. M. (1982), The Story of King David: Genre and Interpretation, JSOTS 6 (Sheffield: SAP).

Hackett, J. A. (1989), ‘Can a Sexist Model Liberate Us? Ancient Near Eastern “Fertility” Goddesses’, Journal of Feminist Studies in Religion 5, 65–76.

Hadley, J. M. (2000), The Cult of Asherah in Ancient Israel and Judah: Evidence for a Hebrew Goddess, UCOP 57 (Cambridge: CUP).

Halperin, D. J. (1993), Seeking Ezekiel: Text and Psychology (University Park, Pa.: Pennsylvania State University Press).

Hals, R. M. (1989), Ezekiel, FOTL 19 (Grand Rapids, Mich.: Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing).

Hanson, P. (1975), The Dawn of Apocalyptic (Philadelphia: Fortress Press).

Harper, W. R. (1905), Amos and Hosea, ICC (Edinburgh: T. & T. Clark).

Harris R. (1974), ‘The Case of Three Babylonian Marriage Contracts’, JNES 33, 363–7.

(p.287) Harrison, R. K. (1973), Jeremiah and Lamentations: An Introduction and Commentary, TOTC (Leicester: Inter‐Varsity Press).

Harvey, J. (1962), ‘Le “Rîb‐Pattern”, réquisitoire prophétique sur la rupture de l'alliance’, Bib 43, 172–96.

Hauck, F., and S. Schulz (1968), ‘Porne’, in TDNT, vi. 579–95.

Hedwig‐Jahnow‐Forschungprojekt (1994), ‘Feministische Hermeneutik und Erstes Testament’, in Hedwig Jahnow et al. (eds.), Feministische Hermeneutik und Erstes Testament: Analysen und Interpretationen (Stuttgart: Kohlhammer), 9–25.

Heider, G. C. (1985), The Cult of Molek: A Reassessment, JSOTS 43 (Sheffield: JSOT Press).

—— (1992), ‘Molech’, in ABD, iv. 895–8.

Hempel, J. (1939), ‘Die Grenzen des Anthropos Jahwes im Alten Testament’, ZAW 57, 75–85.

Henshaw, R. A. (1994), Female & Male, the Cultic Personnel: The Bible and the Rest of the Ancient Near East (Allison Park, Pa.: Pickwick).

Herbert, A. S. (1973), The Book of the Prophet Isaiah: Chapters 1–39, CBC (Cambridge: CUP).

Hertzberg, H. W. (1964), I & II Samuel, trans. J. S. Bowden, OTL (London: SCM).

Hesse, F. (1953), ‘Wurzelt die prophetische Gerichtsrede im israelitischen Kult?’, ZAW NF 65, 45–53.

Hiebert, P. S. (1989), ‘“Whence Shall Help Come to Me?” The Biblical Widow’, in P. L. Day (ed.), Gender and Difference in Ancient Israel (Minneapolis: Fortress Press), 125–41.

Hillers, D. R. (1985), ‘Analysing the Abominable: Our Understanding of Canaanite Religion’, JQR 75, 253–69.

Hobbs, T. R. (1974), ‘Jeremiah 3:1–5 and Deuteronomy 24:1–4’, ZAW 86, 23–9.

Holladay, W. L. (1986), Jeremiah: A Commentary on the Book of the Prophet Jeremiah Chapters 1–25, Herm (Philadelphia: Fortress Press).

Hornsby, T. J. (1999), ‘“Israel has become a worthless thing”: Re‐Reading Gomer in Hosea 1–3’, JSOT 82, 115–28.

Huffmon, H. B. (1959), ‘The Covenant Lawsuit in the Prophets’, JBL 78, 285–95.

Hugenberger, G. P. (1994), Marriage as Covenant: A Study of Biblical Law and Ethics Governing Marriage Developed from the Perspective of Malachi, VTS 52 (Leiden: Brill).

Hyatt, J. P. (1956), ‘Jeremiah’, in The Interpreter's Bible, v (New York and Nashville: Abingdon Press), 775–1142.

Irwin, W. A. (1943), The Problem of Ezekiel: An Inductive Study (Chicago: University of Chicago Press).

Iser, W. (1971), ‘Indeterminacy and the Reader's Response in Prose Fiction’, in J. Hillis Miller (ed.), Aspects of Narrative, SPEI (New York and London: Columbia University Press), 1–45.

—— (2000), ‘The Reading Process: A Phenomenological Approach’, in D. Lodge and N. Wood (eds.), Modern Criticism and Theory: A Reader, 2nd edn. (Harlow: Longman), 189–205.

(p.288) Janzen, J. G. (1973), Studies in the Text of Jeremiah, HSM 6 (Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press).

Jeppesen, K. (1993), ‘Mother Zion, Father Servant: A Reading of Isaiah 49–55’, in H. A. McKay and D. Clines (eds.), Of Prophets' Visions and the Wisdom of Sages: Essays in Honour of R. Norman Whybray on His Seventieth Birthday (Sheffield: JSOT Press), 109–25.

Jones, D. R. (1992), Jeremiah, NCBC (Grand Rapids, Mich.: W B. Eerdmans).

Joüon, P. and T. Muraoka (1993), A Grammar of Biblical Hebrew, SB (Rome: Editrice Pontifico Istituto Biblico).

Joyce, P. (1989), Divine Initiative and Human Response in Ezekiel, JSOTS 51 (Sheffield: SAP).

Kaiser, O. (1983), Isaiah 1–12: A Commentary, 2nd edn., trans. J. Bowden, OTL (London: SCM).

Kamionkowski, S. T. (2001), ‘The Savage Made Civilized: An Examination of Ezekiel 16.8’, in L. L. Grabbe and R. D. Haak (eds.), Every City shall be Forsaken: Urbanism and Prophecy in Ancient Israel and the Near East, JSOTS 330 (Sheffield: SAP), 124–36.

—— (2003), Gender Reversal and Cosmic Chaos: A Study on the Book of Ezekiel, JSOTS 368 (Sheffield: SAP).

Kaufman, S. A. (1987), ‘Rhetoric, Redaction and Message in Jeremiah’, in J. Neusner (ed.), Judaic Perspectives on Ancient Israel (Philadelphia: Fortress Press), 63–74.

—— (1995), ‘The Female Body, the Body Politic and the Land: A Sociopolitical Reading of Hosea 1–2’, in A. Brenner (ed.), A Feminist Companion to the Latter Prophets, FCB 8 (Sheffield: SAP), 70–100.

Keefe, A. (1999), Review of R. J. Weems, Battered Love: Marriage, Sex and Violence in the Hebrew Prophets (Minneapolis: Fortress Press, 1995), JBL 118, 138–40.

—— (2001), Woman's Body and the Social Body in Hosea, JSOTS 338, GCT 10 (Sheffield: SAP).

Keel, O. (1998), Goddesses and Trees, New Moon and Yahweh: Ancient Near Eastern Art and the Hebrew Bible, JSOTS 261 (Sheffield: SAP).

Kessler, M. (1980), ‘An Introduction to Rhetorical Criticism of the Bible: Prolegomena’, Sem 7, 1–27.

—— (1982), ‘A Methodological Setting for Rhetorical Criticism’, in D. J. A. Clines, D. M. Gunn, and A. J. Hauser (eds.), Art and Meaning: Rhetoric in Biblical Literature, JSOTS 19 (Sheffield: JSOT Press), 1–19.

Kissane, E. J. (1943), The Book of Isaiah, ii: chapters XL–LXVI (Dublin: Browne & Nolan Ltd.).

—— (1960), The Book of Isaiah, i: chapters I–XXXIX, rev. edn. (Dublin: Browne & Nolan Ltd.).

Kittay, E. F. (1987), Metaphor: Its Cognitive Force and Linguistic Structure, CLLP (Oxford: Clarendon Press).

Klein, R. W. (1988), ‘Ezekiel the Literary Historian’, in Ezekiel: The Prophet and His Message, SPOT (Columbia: University of South Carolina Press).

(p.289) Kletter, R. (1996), The Judean Pillar Figurines and the Archaeology of Israel, BAR IS 636 (Oxford: Hadrian Books).

Klostermann, A. (1877), ‘Ezekiel: Ein Beitrag zu besserer Würdigung seiner Person und seiner Schrift’, TSK 50, 391–439.

Knight, G. A. F. (1984), Isaiah 40–55: Servant Theology, ITC (Grand Rapids, Mich.: Wm. B. Eerdmans; Edinburgh: The Handsel Press).

Köhler, L. (1923), Deuterojesaja stilkritisch untersucht, BZAW 37 (Giessen: A. Töpelmann).

Korpel, M. C. A. (1990), A Rift in the Clouds: Ugaritic and Hebrew Descriptions of the Divine, UBL 8 (Münster: UGARIT‐Verlag).

—— (1996), ‘The Female Servant of the LORD in Isaiah 54’, in B. Becking and M. Dijkstra (eds.), On Reading Prophetic Texts: Gender‐Specific and Related Studies in Memory of F. van Dijk‐Hemmes (Leiden: Brill), 153–67.

Krüger, T. (1989), Geschichtskonzepte im Ezechielbuch, BZAW 180 (Berlin and New York: Walter de Gruyter).

Kruger, P. A. (1983), ‘Israel the Harlot (Hos. 2:4–9)’, JNSL 11, 107–16.

—— (1984), ‘The Hem of the Garment in Marriage: The Meaning of the Symbolic Gesture in Ruth 3: 9 and Ezek 16: 8’, JNSL 12, 79–86.

—— (1988), ‘Prophetic Imagery: On Metaphors and Similes in the book Hosea’, JNSL 14, 143–50.

—— (1999), ‘“I will hedge her way with thornbushes” (Hosea 2,8): Another Example of Literary Multiplicity?’, BZ 43.1, 92–9.

Kuntz, J. K. (1997), ‘The Form, Location and Function of Rhetorical Questions in Deutero‐Isaiah’, in C. C. Broyles and C. A. Evans (eds.), Writing and Reading the Scroll of Isaiah: Studies of an Interpretive Tradition, VTS 70 (Leiden: Brill), 121–41.

Labuschagne, C. J. (1966), The Incomparability of Yahweh in the Old Testament, POS 5 (Leiden: Brill).

Lakoff, G., and M. Johnson (1980), Metaphors We Live By (Chicago: University of Chicago Press).

Landy, F. (1995), Hosea, RNBC (Sheffield: SAP).

—— (2001), Beauty and the Enigma and Other Essays on the Hebrew Bible, JSOTS 312 (Sheffield: SAP).

Leeuwen, C. van (2003), ‘Meaning and Structure of Hosea x 1–8’, VT 53.3, 367–78.

Leick, G. (1994), Sex and Eroticism in Mesopotamian Literature (London: Routledge).

Leith, M. J. W. (1989), ‘The Transformation of the Woman, Israel’, in P. L. Day (ed.), Gender and Difference in Ancient Israel (Minneapolis: Fortress Press), 95–108.

Lemaire, A. (1977), ‘Les inscriptions de Khirbet el‐Qôm et l'Ashérah de YHWH’, RB 84, 595–608.

Leslie, E. A. (1954), Jeremiah: Chronologically Arranged, Translated and Interpreted (New York: Abingdon Press).

Leupold, H. C. (1977), Exposition of Isaiah, i: Chapters 1–39 (Welwyn: Evangelical Press).

Lewy, J. (1944), ‘The Old West Semitic Sun God Hammu’, HUCA 18, 436–44.

Liebreich, L. J. (1955–6), ‘The Compilation of the Book of Isaiah’, JQR 46, 259–77.

(p.290) Limburg, J. (1969), ‘The Root ריב‎ and the Prophetic Lawsuit Speeches’, JBL 88, 291–304.

—— (1988), Hosea‐Micah, Interp (Atlanta: John Knox Press).

Linafelt, T. (1997), ‘Surviving Lamentations’, in A. Brenner and C. Fontaine (eds.), A Feminist Companion to Reading the Bible: Approaches, Methods and Strategies (Sheffield: SAP), 344–57.

Lipiński, E. (1972), ‘The Goddess’Atirat in Ancient Arabia, in Babylon, and in Ugarit’, OLP 3, 101–19.

Lippl, J. (1937), ‘Der Prophet Osee übersetzt und erklärt’, in F. Feldmann and H. Herkenne (eds.), Die Heilige Schrift des Alten Testamentes, übersetzt und erklärt in Verbindung mit Fachgelehrten, VIII. 3. 1 (Bonn: Peter Hanstein Verlagsbuchhandlung), 7–84.

Loades, A. (1998), ‘Feminist Interpretation’, in J. Barton (ed.), The Cambridge Companion to Biblical Interpretation (Cambridge: CUP), 81–94.

Lohfink, N. (1963), ‘Hate and Love in Osee 9,15’, CBQ 25, 417.

Long, B. O. (1976), ‘The Stylistic Components of Jeremiah 3.1–5’, ZAW 88, 386–90.

Lundbom, J. R. (1999), Jeremiah 1–20: A New Translation with Introduction and Commentary, AB 21A (New York: Doubleday).

McComiskey, T. E. (1993), ‘Prophetic Irony in Hosea 1: 4: A Study of the Collocation paqad al and its Implications for the Fall of Jehu's Dynasty’, JSOT 58, 93–101.

McConville, J. G. (1993), Judgment and Promise: An Interpretation of the Book of Jeremiah (Winona Lake, Ind.: Eisenbrauns).

McCurdy, J. F. (1909), ‘Hosea’, in S. M. Jackson (ed.), The New Schaff‐Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge, v (New York and London: Funk and Wagnalls), 369–73.

McFague Teselle, S. (1975), Speaking in Parables: A Study in Metaphor and Theology (London: SCM).

McFague, S. (1982), Metaphorical Theology: Models of God in Religious Language (Philadelphia: Fortress Press).

Macintosh, A. A. (1997), A Critical and Exegetical Commentary on Hosea, ICC (Edinburgh: T. & T. Clark).

McKane, W. (1981a), ‘Relations between Poetry and Prose in the Book of Jeremiah with Special Reference to Jeremiah III 6–11 and XII 14–17’, in J. A. Emerton (ed.), Congress Volume: Vienna 1980, VTS 32 (Leiden: Brill), 229–33.

—— (1981b), ‘ŠPY(Y)M with Special Reference to the Book of Jeremiah’, in A. Caquot et M. Delcor (eds.), Mélanges bibliques et orientaux en l'honneur de M. Henri Cazelles, AOAT 212 (Kevelaer: Butzon and Bercker; Neukirchen‐Vluyn: Neukirchener Verlag), 319–35.

—— (1986), A Critical and Exegetical Commentary on Jeremiah, i, ICC (Edinburgh: T. & T. Clark).

—— (1971), The Books of Amos, Hosea and Micah, CBC (Cambridge: CUP).

McKeating, H. (1993), Ezekiel, OTG (Sheffield: SAP).

McKenzie, J. L. (1955), ‘Divine Passion in Osee’, CBQ 17, 287–99.

(p.291) —— (1968), Second Isaiah: Introduction, Translation and Notes, AB 20 (Garden City, NY: Doubleday).

Magdalene, F. R. (1995), ‘Ancient Treaty‐Curses and the Ultimate Texts of Terror: A Study of the Language of Divine Sexual Abuse in the Prophetic Corpus’, in A. Brenner (ed.), A Feminist Companion to the Latter Prophets, FCB 8 (Sheffield: SAP), 326–52.

Magonet, J. (2002), ‘Gomer's Revenge’, in P. R. Davies (ed.), First Person Essays in Biblical Autobiography, The Biblical Seminar 81 (London and New York: SAP), 115–18.

Maier, C. (1994), ‘Jerusalem als Ehebrecherin in Ezechiel 16: zur Verwendung und Funktion einer biblischen Metapher’, in Hedwig Jahnow et al. (eds.), Feministische Hermeneutik und Erstes Testament, Analysen und Interpretationen (Stuttgart: Kohlhammer), 85–105.

Malul, M. (1990), ‘Adoption of Foundlings in the Bible and Mesopotamian Documents: A Study of Some Legal Metaphors in Ezekiel 16:1–7’, JSOT 46, 97–126.

Mankowski, P. V. (2000), Akkadian Loanwords in Biblical Hebrew (Winona Lake, Indi.: Eisenbrauns).

Margalit, B. (1990), ‘The Meaning and Significance of Asherah’, VT 40, 264–97.

Marti, K. (1904), Das Dodekapropheton: Hosea, KAT 13 (Tübingen: J. C. B Mohr).

Martin, J. D. (1969), ‘Forensic Background to Jeremiah 3:1’, VT 19.1, 82–92.

May, H. G. (1956), ‘The Book of Ezekiel’, in The Interpreter's Bible, vi (New York and Nashville: Abingdon Press), 39–338.

Mays, J. L. (1969), Hosea: A Commentary, OTL (Philadelphia: Westminster Press).

Miller, A. (1976), Death of a Salesman: Certain Private Conversations in Two Acts and a Requiem (Harmondsworth: Penguin).

Mitchell, M. W. (2004), ‘Hosea 1–2 and the Search for Unity’, JSOT 29.1, 115–27.

Moran, W. L. (1963), ‘The Ancient Near Eastern Background of the Love of God in Deuteronomy’, CBQ 25, 77–87.

Morris, G. (1996), Prophecy, Poetry and Hosea, JSOTS 219 (Sheffield: SAP).

Muilenburg, J. (1956), ‘The Book of Isaiah: Chapters 40–66’, in The Interpreter's Bible, V (New York and Nashville: Abingdon Press), 381–773.

Murphy, R. E. (1998), Proverbs, WBC 22 (Nashville: Thomas Nelson Publishers, 1998).

Neher, A. (1954), ‘Le symbolisme conjugal: expression de l'histoire dans l'Ancien Testament’, RHPR 34, 30–49.

Newsom, C. A. (1984), ‘A Maker of Metaphors: Ezekiel's Oracles Against Tyre’, Int 38, 151–64.

—— (1992), ‘Response to Norman K. Gottwald, “Social Class and Ideology in Isaiah 40–55”’, Semeia 59, 73–8.

Nicholson, E. W. (1986), God and his People: Covenant Theology in the Old Testament (Oxford: Clarendon Press).

North, C. R. (1964), The Second Isaiah: Introduction, Translation and Commentary to Chapters XL–LV (Oxford: Clarendon Press).

(p.292) Nyberg, H. S. (1935), Studien zum Hoseabuch: Zugleich ein Beitrag zur Klärung des Problems der alttestamentlichen Textkritik, Uppsala Universitets Årsskrift 6 (Uppsala).

Nyberg, H. S. (1935), Studien zum Hoseabuch: Zugleich ein Beitrag zur Klärung des Problems der alttestamentlichen Textkritik, Uppsala Universitets Årsskrift 6 (Uppsala).

———(1941), Hoseaboken: Ny översättnig med anmärkningar, Uppsala Universitets Årsskrift (Uppsala).

O'Connor, K. M. (1992), ‘Jeremiah’, in C. A. Newsom and S. H. Ringe (eds.), The Women's Bible Commentary (London: SPCK; Louisville, Ky.: Westminster John Knox Press), 169–77.

——— (1999a), ‘ “Speak Tenderly to Jerusalem”: Second Isaiah's Reception and Use of Daughter Zion’, Princeton Seminary Bulletin 20.3, 281–94.

——— (1999b), ‘The Tears of God and Divine Character’, in A. R. P. Diamond, K. M. O'Connor, and L. Stulman (eds.), Troubling Jeremiah, JSOTS 260 (Sheffield: SAP), 387–401.

O'Connor, M. (1987), ‘The Pseudo‐Sorites in Hebrew Verse’, in E. W. Conrad and E. G. Newing (eds.), Perspectives on Language and Text: Essays and Poems in Honor of F. I. Andersen's Sixtieth Birthday (Winona Lake, Ind.: Eisenbrauns), 239–53.

Odell, M. S. (1992), ‘The Inversion of Shame and Forgiveness in Ezekiel 16. 59–63’, JSOT 56, 101–12.

Oden, R. A. (1987), ‘Religious Identity and the Sacred Prostitution Accusation’, in The Bible Without Theology: The Theological Tradition and Alternatives to It, NVBS (San Francisco: Harper & Row), 131–53.

Olyan, S. M. (1988), Asherah and the Cult of Yahweh in Israel, SBLMS 34 (Atlanta: Scholars Press).

Ortlund, R. C. (1996), Whoredom: God's Unfaithful Wife in Biblical Theology, New Studies in Biblical Theology 2 (Leicester: Apollos).

Ostriker, A. (2000), ‘A Holy of Holies: The Song of Songs as Countertext’, in A. Brenner and C. R. Fontaine (eds.), A Feminist Companion to the Bible, 2nd ser. (Sheffield: SAP), 36–54.

Oswalt, J. N. (1986), The Book of Isaiah: Chapters 1–39, NICOT (Grand Rapids, Mich.: W. B. Eerdmans).

——— (1998), The Book of Isaiah: Chapters 40–66, NICOT (Grand Rapids, Mich.: W. B. Eerdmans).

Parpola, S. (1988), ‘The Neo‐Assyrian Word for “Queen” ’, SAAB 2.2, 73–6.

Parunak, H. V. (1980), ‘The Literary Architecture of Ezekiel's Mar'ôt 'Ělōhîm’, JBL 99, 61–74.

Peake, A. S. (1910), Jeremiah i, The Century Bible (Edinburgh: T. C. & E. C. Jack).

Pfeiffer, R. H. (1941), Introduction to the Old Testament, 5th edn. (New York: Harper).

Phillips, A. (1981), ‘Another Look at Adultery’, JSOT 20, 3–25.

Pope, M. H. (1977), Song of Songs: A New Translation with Introduction and Commentary, AB 7C (Garden City, NY: Doubleday & Company).

——— (1995), ‘Mixed Marriage Metaphor in Ezekiel 16’, in A. B. Beck, A. H. Bartelt, P. R. Raabe, and C. A. Franke (eds.), Fortunate the Eyes that See: Essays in Honor of David Noel Freedman in Celebration of His Seventieth Birthday (Grand Rapids, Mich., and Cambridge: W. B. Eerdmans), 384–99.

(p.293) Pressler, C. (1994), ‘Sexual Violence and Deuteronomic Law’, in A. Brenner (ed.), A Feminist Companion to Exodus and Deuteronomy, FCB 6 (Sheffield: SAP), 102–12.

Rad, G. von (1965), Old Testament Theology, ii: The Theology of Israel's Prophetic Traditions, trans. D. M. G. Stalker (Edinburgh: Oliver & Boyd).

——— (1966), Deuteronomy: A Commentary, OTL (London: SCM).

Renger, J. (1967), ‘Untersuchungen zum Priestertum in der altbabylonischen Zeit’, ZA 58, 110–88.

Reynolds, C. B. (1935), ‘Isaiah's Wife’, JTS 36, 182–5.

Richards, I. A. (1936), The Philosophy of Rhetoric, Bryn Mawr College, The Mary Flexner Lectures 3 (Oxford: OUP).

Ricoeur, P. (1978), The Rule of Metaphor: Multi‐disciplinary Studies of the Creation of Meaning in Language, trans. R. Czerny, K. McLaughlin, and J. Costello (London: Routledge).

——— (1979), ‘The Metaphorical Process as Cognition, Imagination and Feeling’, in S. Sacks (ed.), On Metaphor (Chicago: Chicago University Press), 141–57.

Ringgren, H. (1987), ‘The Marriage Motif in Israelite Religion’, in P. D. Miller and P. D. Hanson (eds.), Ancient Israelite Religion: Essays in Honor of F. M. Cross (Philadelphia: Fortress Press), 421–8.

——— (1911), The Christian Doctrine of Man (Edinburgh: T. & T. Clark).

Roberts, K. L. (2003), ‘Isaiah 49:14–18’, Int 57, 58–60.

Robinson, H. W. (1935), ‘Die Ehe des Hosea’, TSK 106, 301–13.

Rogerson, J. W. (1985), ‘The Hebrew Conception of Corporate Personality: A Re‐examination (1970)’, in B. Lang (ed.), Anthropological Approaches to the Old Testament, IRT 8 (Philadelphia: Fortress Press; London: SPCK), 43–59.

——— (1992), ‘Corporate Personality’, in ABD, i. 156–7.

Rooke, D. W. (2000), ‘Wayward Women and Broken Promises: Marriage, Adultery and Mercy in Old and New Testaments’, in L. J. Kreitzer and D. W. Rooke (eds.), Ciphers in the Sand: Interpretations of the Woman Taken in Adultery (John 7.53–8.11), Bib Sem 74 (Sheffield: SAP), 17–52.

Rosenberg, J. (1987), ‘Jeremiah and Ezekiel’, in R. Alter and F. Kermode (eds.), The Literary Guide to the Bible (London: Collins), 184–204.

Rowley, H. H. (1963), ‘The Marriage of Hosea’, in Men of God: Studies in Old Testament History and Prophecy (London: Nelson), 66–97.

Roy, A. (1997), The God of Small Things (London: Flamingo).

Rudolph, W. (1966a), Hosea, KAT (Gütersloh: Gerd Mohn).

——— (1966b), ‘Eigentümlichkeiten der Sprache Hoseas’, in Studia Biblica et Semitica: Festschrift T. C. Vriezen (Wageningen: H. Veenen en Zonen), 313–17.

Runions, E. (2001), ‘Violence and the Economy of Desire in Ezekiel 16.1–45’, in A. Brenner (ed.), Prophets and Daniel: A Feminist Companion to the Bible, 2nd ser. (Sheffield: Continuum), 156–69.

Rushdie, S. (1995), Midnight's Children (London: Vintage).

Sanderson, J. E. (1992), ‘Nahum’, in C. A. Newsom and S. H. Ringe (eds.), The Women's Bible Commentary (London: SPCK; Louisville, Ky.: Westminster John Knox Press), 217–21.

(p.294) Satlow, M. (2000), ‘The Metaphor of Marriage in Early Judaism’, in J. W. van Henten and A. Brenner (eds.), Families and Family Relations as Represented in Early Judaisms and Early Christianities: Texts and Fictions (Leiden: Deo Publishing), 13–43.

Sawyer, J. F. A. (1989), ‘Daughter of Zion and Servant of the Lord in Isaiah: A Comparison’, JSOT 44, 89–107.

Schmidt, H. (1923), Die grossen Propheten übersetzt und eklärt, SAT II/2, 2nd edn. (Göttingen: Vanderhoeck & Ruprecht).

——— (1924), ‘Die Ehe des Hosea’, ZAW 42, 245–72.

Schmitt, J. J. (1985), ‘The Motherhood of God and Zion as Mother’, RB 92, 557–69.

——— (1989), ‘The Wife of God in Hosea 2’, BR 34, 5–18.

——— (1995), ‘Yahweh's Divorce in Hosea 2: Who is that Woman?’, SJOT 9, 119–32.

——— (1996), ‘Gender Correctness and Biblical Metaphors: The Case of God's Relation to Israel’, BTB 26.3, 96–106.

——— (1997), ‘The City as Woman in Isaiah 1–39’, in C. C. Broyles and C. A. Evans (eds.), Writing and Reading the Scroll of Isaiah: Studies of an Interpretive Tradition, VTS 70 (Leiden: Brill), 95–119.

Schökel, L. A. (1987), ‘Isaiah’, in R. Alter and F. Kermode (eds.), The Literary Guide to the Bible (London: Collins), 165–83.

Schöpflin, K. (2005), ‘The Composition of Metaphorical Oracles within the Book of Ezekiel’, VT 55.1, 101–20.

Schreiner, J. (1977), ‘Hoseas Ehe, ein Zeichen des Gerichts’, BZ 21, 163–83.

Schulte, H. (1992), ‘Beobachtungen zum Begriff der Zônâ im Alten Testament’, ZAW 104, 255–62.

Schulz‐Rauch, M. (1996), Hosea und Jeremia: Zur Wirkungsgeschichte des Hoseabuches (Stuttgart: Calwer).

Scott, R. B. Y. (1956), ‘Isaiah 1–39: Introduction and Exegesis’, in The Interpreter's Bible, v (New York and Nashville: Abingdon Press), 151–381.

Scullion, J. J. (1972), ‘Some Difficult Texts in Isaiah cc. 55–66 in the Light of Modern Scholarship’, UF 4, 105–28.

——— (1982), Isaiah 40–66, OTM 12 (Wilmington, Del.: Michael Glazier).

Seifert, E. (1997), Tochter und Vater im Alten Testament: Eine ideologiekritische Untersuchung zur Verfügungsgewalt von Vätern über ihre Töchter, Neukirchener Theologische Dissertationen und Habilitationen 9 (Neukirchen‐Vluyn: Neukirchener Verlag).

Seitz, C. (1996), ‘How is the Prophet Isaiah Present in the Latter Half of the Book? The Logic of Chapters 40–55 within the Book of Isaiah’, JBL 115, 219–40.

Setel, T. D. (1985), ‘Prophets and Pornography: Female Sexual Imagery in Hosea’, in L. M. Russell (ed.), Feminist Interpretation of the Bible (Oxford: Basil Blackwell, 1985), 86–95.

Sherwood, Y. (1995), ‘Boxing Gomer: Controlling the Deviant Woman in Hosea 1–3’, in A. Brenner (ed.), A Feminist Companion to the Latter Prophets, FCB 8 (Sheffield: SAP), 101–25.

(p.295) ——— (1996), The Prostitute and the Prophet: Hosea's Marriage in Literary‐Theoretical Perspective, JSOTS 212 (Sheffield: SAP).

Shields, M. E. (1995), ‘Circumcision of the Prostitute: Gender, Sexuality and the Call to Repentance in Jer. 3: 1–4: 4’, Bib Int 3.1, 61–74.

——— (1998), ‘Gender and Violence in Ezekiel 23’, in Society of Biblical Literature 1998 Seminar Papers, No. 37, Part 1, 86–105.

——— (2001), ‘Multiple Exposures: Body Rhetoric and Gender in Ezekiel 16’, in A. Brenner (ed.), Prophets and Daniel: A Feminist Companion to the Bible, 2nd ser. (Sheffield: Continuum), 137–53.

——— (2004), Circumscribing the Prostitute: The Rhetorics of Intertextuality, Metaphor, and Gender in Jeremiah 3.1–4.4, JSOTS 387 (London and New York: T. & T. Clark International).

Siebert‐Hommes, J. (2001), ‘ “With Bands of Love”: Hosea 11 as “Recapitulation” of the Basic Themes in the Book of Hosea’, in Janet W. Dyk et al. (eds.), Unless Some One Guide Me…Festschrift for Karel A. Deurloo, Amsterdamse Cahiers voor Exegese van de Bijbel en zijn Tradities (Maastricht: Uitgeverij Shaker Publishing), 167–73.

Simundson, D. J. (2005), Hosea, Joel, Amos, Obadiah, Jonah, Micah, Abingdon Old Testament Commentaries (Nashville: Abingdon Press).

Skinner, J. (1954), The Book of the Prophet Isaiah: Chapters I–XXXIX (Cambridge: CUP).

Slotki, I. W. (1949), Isaiah: Hebrew Text and English Translation with an Introduction and Commentary (London: Soncino Press).

Smelik, K. A. D. (1995), ‘Moloch, Molech or Molk‐Sacrifice? A Re‐assessment of the Evidence Concerning the Hebrew Term Molekh’, SJOT 9.1, 133–42.

Smend, R. (1880), Der Prophet Ezechiel für die zweite Auflage erklärt, 2nd edn, (Leipzig: S. Hirzel).

Smith, M. (1990), The Early History of God: Yahweh and Other Deities in Ancient Israel (San Francisco and London: Harper & Row).

Smith‐Christopher, D. L. (2004), ‘Ezekiel in Abu‐Ghraib: Rereading Ezekiel 16:37–39 in the Context of Imperial Conquest’, in S. L. Cook and C. L. Patton (eds.), Ezekiel's World: Wrestling with a Tiered Reality, SBLMS (Leiden: Brill), 141–57.

Sommer, B. D. (1998), A Prophet Reads Scripture: Allusion in Isaiah 40–55 (Stanford, Calif.: Stanford University Press).

Soskice, J. (1985), Metaphor and Religious Language (Oxford: Clarendon Press).

Stacey, W. D. (1990), Prophetic Drama in the Old Testament (London: Epworth Press).

Stavrakopoulou, F. (2004), King Manasseh and Child Sacrifice: Biblical Distortions of Historical Realities (Berlin and New York: Walter de Gruyter).

Steck, O. H. (1989), ‘Zion als Gelände und Gestalt: überlegungen zur Wahrnehmung Jerusalems als Stadt und Frau im Alten Testament’, ZThK 86, 261–81.

Stienstra, N. (1993), YHWH is the Husband of His People: Analysis of a Biblical Metaphor with Special Reference to Translation (Kampen: Kok Pharos).

Stuart, D. (1987), Hosea‐Jonah, WBC 31 (Waco, Tex.: Word Books).

(p.296) Swanepoel, M. G. (1993), ‘Ezekiel 16: Abandoned Child, Bride Adorned or Unfaithful Wife?’, in P. R. Davies and D. J. A. Clines (eds.), Among the Prophets: Language, Imagery and Structure in the Prophetic Writings, JSOTS 144 (Sheffield: JSOT Press), 84–104.

Sweeney, M. (1988), Isaiah 1–4 and the Postexilic Understanding of the Isaianic Tradition (Berlin: de Gruyter).

——— (1996), Isaiah 1–39, FOTL 16 (Grand Rapids, Mich.: Eerdmans).

Tarlin, J. W. (1997), ‘Utopia and Pornography in Ezekiel: Violence, Hope, and the Shattered Male Subject’, in T. K. Beal and D. M. Gunn (eds.), Reading Bibles, Writing Bodies: Identity and the Book (London and New York: Routledge), 175–83.

Taylor, J. B. (1969), Ezekiel: An Introduction and Commentary, TOTC (London: Tyndale Press).

Taylor, J. E. (1995), ‘The Asherah, the Menorah and the Sacred Tree’, JSOT 66, 29–54.

Thiel, W. (1973), Die deuteronomistiche Redaktion von Jeremia 1–25, WMANT 41 (Neukirchen‐Vluyn: Neukirchener Verlag).

——— (1981), Die deuteronomistiche Redaktion von Jeremia 26–45, WMANT 52 (Neukirchen‐Vluyn: Neukirchener Verlag).

Thistlethwaite, S. B. (1993), ‘ “You May Enjoy the Spoil of Your Enemies”: Rape as a Biblical Metaphor for War’, in C. V. Camp and C. R. Fontaine (eds.), Women, War, and Metaphor: Language and Society in the Study of the Hebrew Bible, Semeia 61, 59–75.

Thompson, J. A. (1977), ‘Israel's “lovers” ’, VT 27, 475–81.

——— (1980), The Book of Jeremiah, NICOT (Grand Rapids, Mich.: Eerdmans).

Törnkvist, R. (1998), The Use and Abuse of Female Sexual Imagery in the Book of Hosea: A Feminist Critical Approach to Hos 1–3, Uppsala Women's Studies, A. Women in Religion 7 (Uppsala: Acta Universitatis Uppsaliensis).

Torrey, C. C. (1928), The Second Isaiah: A New Interpretation (Edinburgh: T. & T. Clark).

Toy, C. H. (1913), ‘Note on Hosea 1–3’, JBL 32, 75–9.

Trible, P. (1978), God and the Rhetoric of Sexuality, OBT 2 (Philadelphia: Fortress Press).

Turbayne, C. M. (1962), The Myth of Metaphor (New Haven: Yale University Press).

Turner, M. D. (2003), ‘Daughter Zion: Giving Birth to Redemption’, in C. A. Kirk‐Duggan (ed.), Pregnant Passion: Gender, Sex, and Violence in the Bible (Atlanta: Society of Biblical Literature), 193–204.

Tushingham, A. D. (1953), ‘A Reconsideration of Hosea Chapters 1–3’, JNES 12, 150–9.

Untermann, J. (1987), From Repentance to Redemption: Jeremiah's Thought in Transition, JSOTS 54 (Sheffield: SAP).

Vaughan, P. H. (1974), The Meaning of ‘bāmâ’ in the Old Testament (London and New York: CUP).

Vogels, W. (1988), ‘Hosea's Gift to Gomer (Hos 3,2)’, Bib 69, 412–21.

Volz, P. (1932), Jesaia II: übersetzt und erklärt, KAT 9 (Leipzig: Deichertsche).

Vriezen, T. C. (1941), Hosea: profeet en cultuur (Groningen: Wolters).

(p.297) Wacker, M‐T. (1987), ‘Frau‐Sexus‐Macht: Eine feministische Relecture des Hoseabuches’, in M‐T. Wacker (ed.), Der Gott der Männer und die Frauen, TZ 2 (Düsseldforf: Patmos), 101–25.

—— (1995), ‘Traces of the Goddess in the Book of Hosea’, in A. Brenner (ed.), A Feminist Companion to the Latter Prophets, FCB 8 (Sheffield: SAP), 219–41.

—— (1996), Figuration des Weiblichen im Hosea‐Buch, Herders Biblische Studies 8 (Freiburg: Herder).

Ward, J. M. (1966), Hosea: A Theological Commentary (New York: Harper & Row).

Washington, H. C. (1997), ‘Violence and the Construction of Gender in the Hebrew Bible: A New Historicist Approach’, BibInt 5.4, 324–63.

Waterman, L. (1918), ‘The Marriage of Hosea’, JBL 37, 193–208.

—— (1955), ‘Hosea Chaps. 1–3 in Retrospect and Prospect’, JNES 14, 100–9.

Watts, J. D. W. (1985), Isaiah 1–33, WBC 24 (Waco, Tex.: Word Books).

—— (1987), Isaiah 34–66, WBC 25 (Waco, Tex.: Word Books).

Weeks, S. D. E. (1999), ‘Whose Words? Qoheleth, Hosea and Attribution in Biblical Literature’, in P. J.Harland and C. T. R. Hayward (eds.), New Heaven and New Earth: Prophecy and the Millennium: Essays in Honour of Anthony Gelston (London, Boston, and Cologne: Brill), 151–70.

Weems, R. (1989), ‘Gomer: Victim of Violence or Victim of Metaphor?’, Semeia 47, 87–104.

—— (1995), Battered Love: Marriage, Sex and Violence in the Hebrew Prophets, OBT (Minneapolis: Fortress Press).

Weider, A. (1993), Ehemetaphorik in prophetischer Verkündigung: Hos 1–3 und seine Wirkungsgeschichte im Jeremiabuch: ein Beitrag zum alttestamentlichen Gottes‐Bild (Würzburg: Echter).

Weinfeld, M. (1972a), Deuteronomy and the Deuteronomic School (Oxford: Clarendon Press).

—— (1972b), ‘The Worship of Molech and of the Queen of Heaven and its Background’, UF 4, 133–54.

—— (1975), ‘ברית‎’, in TDOT, ii. 253–79.

—— (1984), ‘Kuntillet ‘Ajrud Inscriptions and their Significance’, SEL 1, 121–30.

Weippert, H. (1973), Die Prosareden des Jeremiabuches, BZAW 132 (Berlin: Walter de Gruyter).

Weiser, A. (1961), The Old Testament: Its Formation and Development, trans. D. M Barton (New York: Associated Press).

—— (1974), Das Buch die zwölf kleinen Propheten: die Propheten Hosea, Joel, Amos, Obadja, Jona, Micha, 6th edn., ATD 24 (Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht).

Wellhausen, J. (1963), Die kleinen Propheten übersetzt und erklärt, 4th edn., SV 5 (Berlin).

Westbrook, R. (1986), ‘The Prohibition on Restoration of Marriage in Deuteronomy 24:14’, in S. Japhet (ed.), Studies in Bible, SH 31 (Jerisalen: Magres Press), 387–405.

Westenholz, J. G. (1989), ‘Tamar, Qĕdēšā, Qadištu and Sacred Prostitution in Mesopotamia’, HTR 82, 245–65.

(p.298) Westermann, C. (1967), Basic Forms of Prophetic Speech, trans. H. C. White (London: Lutterworth Press).

—— (1969), Isaiah 40–66: A Commentary, OTL (London: SCM).

—— (1981), Praise and Lament in the Psalms, trans. K. R. Crim and R. N. Soulem (Atlanta: John Knox Press).

Wevers, J. W. (1969), Ezekiel, NCBC (London: Nelson).

White, J. B. (1978), A Study of the Language of Love in the Song of Songs and Ancient Egyptian Poetry, SBLDS 38 (Missoula, Mont.: Scholars Press).

Whitt, W. D. (1992), ‘The Divorce of Yahweh and Asherah in Hos. 2.4–7, 12 ff’, SJOT 6, 31–67.

Whybray, R. N. (1975), Isaiah 40–66, NCBC (London: Oliphants).

—— (1994), Proverbs, NCBC (Grand Rapids, Mich.: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company).

Wildberger, H. (1991), Isaiah 1–12: A Continental Commentary, trans. T. H. Trapp, CC (Minneapolis: Fortress Press).

—— (1997), Isaiah 13–27: A Commentary, trans. T. H. Trapp, CC (Minneapolis: Fortress Press).

Willey, P. T. (1997), Remember the Former Things: The Recollection of Previous Texts in Second Isaiah, SBLDS 161 (Atlanta: Scholars Press).

Williamson, H. G. M. (1994), The Book Called Isaiah: Deutero‐Isaiah's Role in Composition and Redaction (Oxford: Clarendon Press).

—— (2006), Isaiah 1–5: A Critical and Exegetical Commentary on Isaiah 1–27 in Three Volumes, i, ICC (London and New York: T. & T. Clark).

Wilshire, L. E. (1975), ‘The Servant‐City: A New Interpretation of the “Servant of the Lord” in the Servant Songs of Deutero‐Isaiah’, JBL 94, 356–67.

Winton Thomas, D. (1967), ‘Some Observations on the Hebrew word רענן‎’, Hebräische Wortforschung, VTS 16 (Leiden:Brill), 387–97.

Wolff, H. W. (1974), Hosea: A Commentary on the Book of the Prophet Hosea, trans. G. Stanstell, Herm (Philadelphia: Westminster Press).

—— (1997), Joel and Amos, trans. W. Janzen, S. D. McBride, and C. A. Muenchow, Herm (Philadelphia: Fortress Press).

Woude, van der A. (2004), ‘Can Zion Do without the Servant in Isaiah 40–55’, Calvin Theological Journal 39.1, 109–16.

Würthwein, E. (1952), ‘Der Ursprung der prophetischen Gerichtsrede’, ZThK 49, 1–16.

Yamauchi, E. (1973), ‘Cultic Prostitution: A Case Study in Cultural Diffusion’, in H. A. Hoffner (ed.), Orient and Occident: Essays Presented to Cyrus H. Gordon, AOAT 22 (Kevelaer: Butzon & Bercker), 213–22.

Yee, G. A. (1987), Composition and Tradition in the Book of Hosea: A Redaction Critical Investigation, SBLDS 102 (Atlanta: Scholars Press).

—— (1992), ‘Hosea’, in C. A. Newsom and S. H. Ringe (eds.), The Women's Bible Commentary (London: SPCK; Louisville, Ky.: Westminster John Knox Press), 195–202.

(p.299) —— (2003), Poor Banished Children of Eve: Woman as Evil in the Hebrew Bible (Minneapolis: Fortress Press).

Young, E. J. (1969), The Book of Isaiah: The English Text with Introduction, Exposition, and Notes, ii, NICOT (Grand Rapids, Mich.: Wm. B. Eerdmans).

—— (1972), The Book of Isaiah: The English Text with Introduction, Exposition, and Notes, iii, NICOT (Grand Rapids, Mich.: Wm. B. Eerdmans).

Zimmerli, W. (1979), Ezekiel 1, trans. R. Clements, Herm (Philadelphia: Fortress Press).

Zipor, M. A. (1995), ‘“Scenes from a Marriage” according to Jeremiah’, JSOT 65, 83–91. (p.300)