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The HIV Pandemic
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The HIV Pandemic: Local and Global Implications

Eduard J. Beck, Nicholas Mays, Alan W. Whiteside, and José M. Zuniga

Abstract

This book examines how local and global responses to the HIV Pandemic are shaped by the history, culture, institutions, and health system of the countries affected. Country chapters combine health policy experts with HIV specialists, presenting a ‘top down’ health system approach and a ‘bottom up’ HIV-specific perspective. Thematic and analytical chapters provide a global overview and some suggestions for solutions. Increasingly, those involved are being forced to think differently about how services are financed, how resources are allocated, how systems are structured and organised, how servi ... More

Keywords: local responses, global responses, health system, HIV pandemic, top down approach, bottom up perspective

Bibliographic Information

Print publication date: 2007 Print ISBN-13: 9780199237401
Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2009 DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199237401.001.0001

Authors

Affiliations are at time of print publication.

Eduard J. Beck, editor
Associate Professor of Epidemiology, McGill University, Canada

Nicholas Mays, editor
Professor of Health Policy, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, UK

Alan W. Whiteside, editor
Professor and Director, Health Economics and HIV/AIDS Research Division, University of KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa

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Contents

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Section I The Pandemic

Chapter 2 The evolving HIV pandemic

Catherine A Hankins*, Karen A Stanecki, Peter D Ghys and Hein Marais

Section II Prevention, Treatment and Care: Advances in Knowledge

Chapter 5 HIV prevention programmes: an overview

Steffanie A Strathdee*, Marie-Louise Newell, Francisco Inacio Bastos and Thomas L Patterson

Chapter 7 HIV vaccines: development and future use

José Esparza*, Marie-Louise Chang and Helene D Gayle

Chapter 9 Legal and human rights implications

David Patterson* and Lisa Forman

Chapter 10 Strategic information for HIV programmes

Paul R De Lay*, Nicole Massoud, Deborah L Rugg, Karen A Stanecki and Michel Carael

Section III Country Responses

Chapter 12 Botswana

Louisiana Lush*, Ernest Darkoh and Segolame L Ramotlhwa

Chapter 13 Ethiopia

Yayehyirad Kitaw*, Damen Haile Mariam, Araya Demissie, Dawit Wolday*, Tsehaynesh Messele, Endalamaw Aberra, Teklu Belay and Afework Kassa

Chapter 14 Nigeria

Adeniyi Ogundiran, Bayo Fatunmbi and Berhe T Costantinos*

Chapter 15 Senegal

Chris Simms, Papa Salif Sow and Elhadj Sy*

Chapter 16 South Africa

David McCoy*, Robin Wood, Lilian Dudley and Peter Barron

Chapter 17 Uganda

Justin O. Parkhurst*, Freddie Ssengooba and David Serwadda

Chapter 18 Cambodia

Guy Morineau*, Maurits H van Pelt, Frédéric Bourdier and R Cameron Wolf

Chapter 19 China

Ma Shao-Jun, Sheila Hillier*, Zhang Kong-Lai*, Jay J Shen, Lu Fan, Liu Min and Jin Cheng-Gang

Chapter 20 India

R Priya*, N Kumarasamy, I Qadeer, AK Ganesh, S Solomon and SM Crowe

Chapter 21 Indonesia

Suriadi Gunawan*, Soewarta Kosen and Chris Simms

Chapter 22 The Philippines

Ofelia T Monzon* and Roderick E Poblete

Chapter 23 Thailand

Viroj Tangcharoensathien*, Wiput Phoolcharoen, Sombat Thanprasertsuk and Chutima Suraratdecha

Chapter 24 Barbados

E R Walrond* and T C Roach

Chapter 25 Cuba

M I Lantero Abreu*, J Waller, J Joanes Fiol, J Perez Avila, R Torres Peña, M Santín Peña, R Ochoa Soto and G Estevez Torres

Chapter 26 Haiti

Antoine Augustin, Daniel W Fitzgerald* and Jean William Pape

Chapter 27 Jamaica

Robert Carr*, J Peter Figueroa and Peter R Carr

Chapter 28 Argentina

Gabriela Hamilton*, Carlos Falistocco, Pedro Cahn and Carlos Zala

Chapter 29 Brazil

Maya L Petersen*, Claudia Travassos, Francisco I Bastos, Mariana A Hacker, Eduard J Beck and José Carvalho de Noronha

Chapter 30 Costa Rica

Jessica Salas Martínez and Ignacio Salom Echeverria*

Chapter 31 France

Yves-Antoine Flori, Céline Moty, Edith Patouillard, François Dabis* and Roger Salamon

Chapter 32 Italy

Francesco Taroni, George France*, Andrea Tramarin*, Emma Conti, Andrea Donatini and Fernando Antonio Compostella

Chapter 33 Russian Federation

J Stachowiak*, A Peryshkina and S Lessof

Chapter 34 Spain

Jesús Castilla, Isabel Noguer* and José Ramón Repullo

Chapter 35 Ukraine

Valerya Lekhan, Volodomyr Rudiy, Ellen Nolte*, Jantine Jacobi, Lidia Andrushchak, Alla Shcherbinska and Yuriy Kruglov

Chapter 36 The United Kingdom

John Imrie*, Sarah Dougan*, Kimberly Gray, Michael W Adler, Anne M Johnson, Barry G Evans and Barry S Peters

Chapter 37 Canada

Melanie Rusch, Victor Alfonso, Catherine Hankins, Julio Montaner, Michael O’Shaugnessy and Robert Hogg*

Chapter 38 Mexico

Jose Antonio Izazola-Licea*, Carlos Avila-Figueroa and Sandra Gómez-Fraga

Chapter 39 The United States of America

Bruce Fetter*, Douglas Morgan and Jeffrey Levi*

Section IV Global and National Responses

Chapter 40 The UN response to the HIV pandemic

Eric van Praag*, Karl L Dehne and Venkatraman Chandra-Mouli

Chapter 46 Developing human resources for the HIV pandemic

Norbert Dreesch, Mario R Dal Poz*, Gulin Gedik, Orvill Adams and Timothy Evans

Section V Strengthening the Response

Chapter 49 Responding effectively to the HIV pandemic

Catherine Hankins*, Chris Fontaine and Michel Sidibe

Chapter 50 Some lessons learned

Eduard J Beck* and Nicholas Mays

End Matter