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Polymorphism in Molecular Crystals$
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Joel Bernstein

Print publication date: 2007

Print ISBN-13: 9780199236565

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2010

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199236565.001.0001

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Introduction and historical background

Introduction and historical background

(p.1) 1 Introduction and historical background
Polymorphism in Molecular Crystals

Joel Bernstein

Oxford University Press

This chapter provides a general introduction to the topic. It provides definitions of terms used by practitioners (e.g., polymorphism, solvates, hydrates, pseudopolymorphism) and conventions for naming polymorphs. Following a foray into the statistics of the occurrence of polymorphism, the criteria for determining if a material is polymorphic are presented, and then a survey of the historical and modern literature sources of examples of polymorphic systems. The latter part of the chapter consists of an historical account of polymorphism, dating from its discovery in the early 19th century to modern times. It closes with an account of the commercial and industrial importance of polymorphism.

Keywords:   polymorphism, solvates, hydrates, pseudopolymorphism, occurrence, historical account

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