This chapter covers the early influence on Wittgenstein's thought concerning selfhood of Schopenhauer. It details the picture of philosophical solipsism and the grammar of the ‘I’, what Wittgenstein called ‘the inner picture’ and its metaphysical presuppositions concerning privacy, and the value of turning to cases to see how the concept of privacy actually functions. Cases from Rousseau, Frederick Douglass, Jane Addams, Ellen Glasgow, Siegfried Sassoon, and others, as adapted from philosophically helpful discussions by Jill Kerr Conway are given. Genuine versus philosophically-misled wonder concerning what is going on behind a facial expression is discussed.
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