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Cognition and ConditionalsProbability and Logic in Human Thinking$
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Mike Oaksford and Nick Chater

Print publication date: 2010

Print ISBN-13: 9780199233298

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199233298.001.0001

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The conditional in mental probability logic

The conditional in mental probability logic

(p.153) Chapter 9 The conditional in mental probability logic
Cognition and Conditionals

Niki Pfeifer

Gernot D. Kleiter

Oxford University Press

This chapter describes a probabilistic framework of human reasoning based on probability logic. While there are several approaches to probability logic, the chapter adopts the coherence based approach. It assumes that rules similar to the principles of probability logic are basic rules of the human inference engine. The approach is called ‘mental probability logic’. Conditionals are of special importance in the approach. These are conceived as non-truth functional, as uncertain, and as nonmonotonic.

Keywords:   human reasoning, mental probability logic, nonmonotonic conditionals, non-truth functional, uncertain, nonmonotonic

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