State solidarism and global liberalism
This chapter addresses three questions: what are the main features of the liberal solidarist conception of international society? What are the major forces and factors that not only explain the emergence of solidarist forms of international society but also demand that international society move further in this direction? In what ways has liberal solidarism complicated the search for legitimacy? It builds on earlier usages of the term solidarism, taking it as a composite label for a qualitatively different kind of international society, in which four dimensions are especially important: the move to institutions and expansion of global rule-making; changes in the making, development, and justification of international law; the increasing emphasis placed on the enforcement of international norms and rules; and a changed understanding of the state and of state sovereignty. It is shown that all political orders struggle with the trade-offs amongst the different dimensions of legitimacy. They dominate politics even within the most well-established example of governance beyond the state, namely in Europe.
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