An Anti‐Imperialist Junction Box? Metropolitan Anti‐Imperialism in the early 1930s
This chapter returns to Congress' dilemma of metropolitan organization. It examines the constellation of anti-imperialist groups in Britain in the early 1930s, identifying their relationships with and dependence on British associations and parties. In doing so, it also tests the theory that London acted as an anti-imperialist junction box, providing connections between nationalists from India (and other colonized countries) and metropolitan radicals. It is argued that the tendency of metropolitan anti-imperialism was to become more parasitic, working not through direct connections between British anti-imperialists and Indian nationalists, but through a delicate web of connections between the nationalists and a variety of other-directed movements and causes: theosophy, socialism, communism, pacifism, feminism, and others. The strengths and weaknesses of each alliance are analysed, as are the uncompromising terms of the Gandhians with respect to them.
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