This chapter looks at selection of mainly autonomic responses and their classical conditioning. Selection of approach or withdrawal, and their classical conditioning are also mentioned. It then goes on to describe a selection of fixed stimulus-response habits; and a selection of arbitrary behaviours to obtain goals, action-outcome learning, and emotional learning. The roles of the prefrontal cortex in decision-making and attention are described. The chapter then goes on to talk about neuroeconomics, reward magnitude, expected value, and expected utility; delay of reward, emotional choice, and rational choice; reward prediction error, temporal difference error, and choice; reciprocal altruism, strong reciprocity, generosity, and altruistic punishment; and dual routes to action, and decision-making.
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