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The Philosophy of Information$
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Luciano Floridi

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780199232383

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199232383.001.0001

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Consciousness, agents, and the knowledge game

Consciousness, agents, and the knowledge game

Chapter:
(p.290) 13 Consciousness, agents, and the knowledge game
Source:
The Philosophy of Information
Author(s):

Luciano Floridi (Contributor Webpage)

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199232383.003.0013

The chapter applies the informational analysis of knowledge in order to pursue three goals. The first is to introduce the ‘knowledge game’, a new, simple and yet powerful tool for analysing some intriguing philosophical questions. The second is to apply the knowledge game as an informative test to discriminate between conscious (human) and conscious-less agents (zombies and robots), depending on which version of the game they can win. And the third is to use a version of the knowledge game to provide an answer to Dretske's question ‘how do you know you are not a zombie?’. At the end of the chapter one should have a better view of which agents count as conscious informational organisms (inforgs), that is, the sort of inforgs that can intentionally process relevant semantic information.

Keywords:   artificial agents, consciousness, inferentialism, informational organisms, knowledge game, muddy children theorem, the three wise men theorem, zombies

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