Semantic information and the network theory of account
The chapter provides the last necessary ingredient, in terms of a theory of account, in order to upgrade semantic information to knowledge. After an introductory section, Section 12.2 argues that, for relevant semantic information to be upgraded to knowledge, it is necessary and sufficient to be embedded in a network of questions and answers that correctly accounts for it. Section 12.3 shows that an information flow network of type A fulfils such a requirement. Section 12.4 illustrates some of the major advantages of such a Network Theory of Account (NTA) and clears the ground of a few potential difficulties. Section 12.5 clarifies why NTA, and an informational analysis of knowledge, according to which knowledge is semantic information for which we can provide an account, is not subject to Gettier-type counterexamples. A concluding section briefly summarizes the results obtained.
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