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The Islamic ChallengePolitics and Religion in Western Europe$
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Jytte Klausen

Print publication date: 2007

Print ISBN-13: 9780199231980

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199231980.001.0001

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Conclusion: Liberal Muslims and the Emergence of European Islam

Conclusion: Liberal Muslims and the Emergence of European Islam

(p.204) Conclusion: Liberal Muslims and the Emergence of European Islam
The Islamic Challenge

Jytte Klausen

Oxford University Press

Europe's Muslim leaders have embraced liberalism by engaging with the institutions of democracy. They invoke human rights to claim equality or they appeal to the principles of humanist universalism to argue for the equal worth of Christianity and Islam. Either way, they draw on varieties of liberalism. The common premise of Muslim leaders is that Islam is a minority religion in Europe, and that Muslims must find their place within the framework of liberal democracy. Overall, however, their views and policy preferences do not derive from faith or theology. Instead, they are the product of individual negotiation, choice, and contextual adaptation. It is quite misleading to see all this as a straightforward confrontation between Western governments and Muslim populations as there are many other factors that come into play.

Keywords:   Europe, Muslim leaders, liberalism, democracy, universalism, Islam, Muslims

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