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In two minds: Dual processes and beyond$
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Jonathan Evans and Keith Frankish

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9780199230167

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199230167.001.0001

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Thinking across cultures: Implications for dual processes

Thinking across cultures: Implications for dual processes

(p.217) Chapter 10 Thinking across cultures: Implications for dual processes
In two minds: Dual processes and beyond

Emma E. Buchtel

Ara Norenzayan

Oxford University Press

This chapter examines how analytic and holistic thinking have been defined by cultural psychologists, and briefly reviews the studies in this new tradition. It suggests that holistic and analytic thinking are in many ways very similar to the dual-process theories that have been described by Western cognitive psychologists, and in fact the cross-cultural evidence supports the plausibility of this distinction. However, the emphasis on holistic thinking that has occurred in East Asian societies may also have led to the development of a more sophisticated kind of non-analytic thinking than in the West. In particular, different cultural norms for thinking may have encouraged explicit, contextualized thinking in a way that is less common in the West, and in a way which is not fully captured by some aspects of popular dual-process theories.

Keywords:   cognitive psychology, cultural psychologists, analytic thinking, holistic thinking, dual-process theories, East Asia

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