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The Phonology of Icelandic and Faroese$
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Kristján Árnason

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780199229314

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199229314.001.0001

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Allomorphy, morphophonemics, and phonological levels

Allomorphy, morphophonemics, and phonological levels

(p.234) 12 Allomorphy, morphophonemics, and phonological levels
The Phonology of Icelandic and Faroese

Kristján Árnason

Oxford University Press

The chapter starts by giving an overview of lexical and postlexical effects in some Icelandic paradigms. Vocalic patterns due to historical ablaut and umlaut are shown to be prominent in Icelandic morphophonemics, and to some extent also in Faroese. Early generative analyses of patterns like those deriving from historical u‐umlaut create more problems than they solve. It is suggested that the patterns of vocalic alternation found in many Icelandic and Faroese paradigms should be recognized as morphophonemic. It is suggested that the relation between ‘long’ and ‘short’ vowel pairs in Faroese has been fossilized phonologically and now has much in common with correspondences deriving from umlaut and ablaut. The stratification into lexical vs postlexical patterning helps to characterize the status of some clitic forms involving fusion of pronominal and other forms with their anchors into phonological words.

Keywords:   allomorphy, morphophonemics, word formational levels, inflectional paradigms, lexical phonology, postlexical phonology

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