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The Creation of States in International Law$
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James R. Crawford

Print publication date: 2007

Print ISBN-13: 9780199228423

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2010

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199228423.001.0001

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Mandates and Trust Territories

Mandates and Trust Territories

(p.565) Chapter 13 Mandates and Trust Territories
The Creation of States in International Law


Oxford University Press

The Mandate system, established by the Principal Allied and Associated Powers in conjunction with the League of Nations under Article 22 of the Covenant, was replaced after World War II by the International Trusteeship System, established under Chapters XII and XIII of the United Nations (UN) Charter. The new system distinguished between two classes of Trust territory: ordinary Trusteeships under the authority of the UN General Assembly and ‘strategic Trusteeships’ under the authority of the UN Security Council. Perhaps the fundamental question for both kinds of territory was the location of ultimate authority; specifically, whether these territories were genuinely under international government, or whether they were merely disguised colonies of the administering authority. That issue was much discussed, directly in terms of the application of the concept of ‘sovereignty’ to Mandates and Trust Territories, indirectly in terms of such issues as revocation and termination.

Keywords:   mandates, trust territories, League of Nations, sovereignty, trusteeships, revocation, termination, United Nations, authority

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