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On the Law of PeacePeace Agreements and the Lex Pacificatoria$

Christine Bell

Print publication date: 2008

Print ISBN-13: 9780199226832

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2009

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199226832.001.0001

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(p.310) APPENDIX 2 Intrastate Peace Agreements

(p.310) APPENDIX 2 Intrastate Peace Agreements

Source:
On the Law of Peace
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

This Appendix lists intrastate peace agreements signed since 1990. The agreements are organized alphabetically by conflict jurisdiction, and arranged chronologically within conflict jurisdictions. The full title of the agreement and the date on which the agreement was signed are given. An asterisk preceding the title of an agreement indicates that we have not had access to the full text of the agreement. Where an agreement is popularly known by an informal title, this is indicated in parenthesis and quotation marks after the formal title of the agreement. The source of each agreement is contained in square brackets after the date of the agreement (for websites of sources, see Appendix 1). Where relevant, a cross-reference to the related interstate peace agreements in Appendix 3 is included.

Afghanistan

Agreement on Provisional Arrangements in Afghanistan Pending the Re-establishment of Permanent Government Institutions (‘Bonn Agreement’), 5 December 2001 [USIP]

Tashkent Declaration on Fundamental Principles for a Peaceful Settlement of the Conflict in Afghanistan, 21 July 1999 [UN Peacemaker]

*Mahipar Agreement, 24 May 1996 [listed in Uppsala]

*Jalalabad Agreement, 20 May 1993 [listed in Uppsala]

Islamabad Accord, 7 March 1993 [UN Peacemaker]

Peshawar Accord in the Name of Allah the Most Beneficent the Most Merciful, 24 April 1992 [UN Peacemaker]

Algeria

*Platform adopted by the participating parties of the Conference of the National Settlement, 1996 [listed in Europ Publications (2002) The Middle East and North Africa 2003 49th Ed. London & New York, Routledge]

*Communication of the State Presidency on the Evolution of Dialogue between the State and the ex-FIS, 1995 [listed in Europ Publications (2002) The Middle East and North Africa 2003 49th Ed. London & New York, Routledge]

*Document on ‘the Principles of Dialogue’, 1995

Platform of National Consensus: Text adopted by Conference (French), 1994 http://www.apn-dz.org/apn/french/histoire/plate_form/plate_form.htm> [listed in Europ Publications (2002) The Middle East and North Africa 2003 49th Ed. London & New York, Routledge]

(p.311) Angola (see also Appendix 3, African Great Lakes)

Memorandum of Understanding addendum to the Lusaka Protocol for the cessation of hostilities and the resolution of the outstanding military issues under the Lusaka Protocol, April 2002 [Accord]

Angolan Government's Peace Plan, 13 March 2002 [Accord]

Agreement with UNITA-Renovada Updating the Lusaka Protocol Concerning a Second Round of Presidential Elections, 18 February 1999 [Accord]

Agreement with UNITA-Renovada Updating the Lusaka Protocol Concerning the Appointment of UNITA Cadres to Government Positions, 18 February 1999 [Accord]

Agreement with UNITA-Renovada Updating the Lusaka Protocol Concerning the Reinstatement of Government Administration over the National Territory, 18 February 1999 [Accord]

*Government-UNITA Agreement on Implementation of the Lusaka Protocol, 9 January 1998 [Human Rights Watch World Report 1999]

*Agreement between Government of Angola and the Front for the Liberation of the Cabinda Enclave, April 1996 [listed by Marshall]

Lusaka Protocol, 15 November 1994 [Accord]

Accordos de Paz para Angola, Lisbon (‘Bicesse Accords’), 31 March 1991 [Accord]

Azerbaijan/Nagorno-Karabakh

Minsk Group Proposal (‘common state deal’), November 1998 [Accord]

Minsk Group Proposal (‘step-by-step deal’), November 1998 [Accord]

Minsk Group Proposal (‘package deal’), November 1998 [Accord]

Statement of the OSCE Chairman-in-Office, 3 December 1996 [Accord]

CSCE Budapest Declaration: Toward a Genuine Partnership in a New Era, 1994 [Accord]

Bishkek Protocol, 5 May 1994 [Accord]

Helsinki Additional Meeting of the CSCE Council: Summary of Conclusions, March 1992 [Accord]

Zheleznovodsk Declaration, 23 September 1991 [Accord]

Bangladesh/Chittagong Hill Tracts

Agreement between the National Committee on Chittagong Hill Tracts Constituted by the Government and the Parbattya Chattagram Janasanghati Samity, 2 December 1997 [copy on file with author]

Bosnia-Herzegovina (see also Appendix 3, Croatia/FRY, Croatia/FRY/Serbia, and FRY/Republika Srpska)

Framework Agreement on Police Restructuring, Reform and Democratization in Republika Srpska, 9 December 1998 [UN Peacemaker]

Bonn-Petersburg Agreement on Restructuring the Police, Federation of Bosnia Herzegovina, 25 April 1996 [UN Peacemaker]

(p.312) General Framework Agreement for Peace in Bosnia and Herzegovina, 21 November 1995 [USIP]

Dayton Agreement on Implementing the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina, Dayton, 10 November 1995 [Office of High Representative (1998)]

Ceasefire Agreement for Bosnia and Herzegovina, 5 October 1995 [UN Peacemaker]

Further Agreed Basic Principles (additional to those issued 8 September 1995, in Geneva), 26 September 1995 [Office of High Representative (1998)]

Agreed Basic Principles, 8 September 1995 [Office of High Representative (1998)]

*Contact Group Plan, April 1994–Summer 1995 [contemporary documentation]

Washington Agreement, 1 March 1994 [USIP]

*Owen-Stoltenberg Peace Plan, July 1993–November 1993 [contemporary documentation]

*Vance-Owen Peace Plan, January 1993–May 1993 [contemporary documentation]

*Statements on Principles for New Constitutional Arrangements for Bosnia and Herzegovina, 23 February 1992 [contemporary documentation]

*Peace Conference on Yugoslavia: Arrangements for General Settlement, 18 October 1991 [contemporary documentation]

*Joint Declaration of the EC Troika and the Parties directly concerned with the Yugoslav Crisis, 7 July 1991 [contemporary documentation]

Burundi (see also Appendix 3, African Great Lakes)

Comprehensive Ceasefire Agreement between the Government of the Republic of Burundi and the Palipehutu—FNL, 7 September 2006 [UN Peacemaker]

Accord de Partage de Pouvoir au Burundi, 6 August 2004 [UN Peacemaker]

The Global Ceasefire Agreement, 16 November 2003 [UN Peacemaker]

The Protocol on Outstanding Issues of Political, Defence and Security Power Sharing in Burundi (‘Pretoria II Protocol’), 2 November 2003 [UN Peacemaker]

The Forces Technical Agreement, 2 November 2003 [USIP]

The Pretoria Protocol on Political, Defence and Security Power Sharing in Burundi, 8 October 2003 [USIP]

Ceasefire Agreement between the Transitional Government of Burundi and the Conseil National pour la Defence de la Democratie-Forces pour la Defense de la Democratie, 2 December 2002 [UN Peacemaker]

*Power-sharing Agreement between President Buyoya and Hutu Parties, July 2001 [listed by Marshall]

Arusha Peace and Reconciliation Agreement for Burundi, 28 August 2000 [USIP]

*Final Declaration and Press Release, 21 June 1998

*Protocol of Agreement between Political ‘Families’ on the Reallocation of Responsibilities in the Territorial Administration, Foreign Service and Immigration Service, 1994

*Agreements endorsed by the Government, between the Forces of democratic change and Political Parties of the Opposition, 1994

*Declaration of the Agreed Political Parties and the Government Against War and in favour of Peace and Security, 1994

Cambodia

*The Four Pillars Peace Plan, 15 February 1998 [listed in Accord]

(p.313) Accord between the Cambodian People's Party (CPP) and the National United Front for an Independent, Neutral, Peaceful and Cooperative Cambodia (FUNCINPEC), 20 November 1991 [Accord]

Declaration on the Rehabilitation and Reconstruction of Cambodia, 23 October 1991 [USIP]

Agreement on a Comprehensive Political Settlement of the Cambodia Conflict, 23 October 1991 [USIP]

Agreement Concerning the Sovereignty, Independence, Territorial Integrity and Inviolability, Neutrality and National Unity of Cambodia, 23 October 1991 [USIP]

Final Act of the Paris Conference on Cambodia, 23 October 1991 [USIP]

Central African Republic (see also Appendix 3, African Great Lakes and Sudan/Chad/Central African Republic)

National Reconciliation Pact, 5 March 1998 [UN Peacemaker]

Mandate established by the Countries designated by the 19th Summit of France and Africa, for the inter-African Supervision Mission for the Bangui Agreements, 6 March 1997 [UN Peacemaker]

Declaration on the End of the Rebellious Action, 25 January 1997 [UN Peacemaker]

Solemn Declaration of the Heads of African States who are members of the ‘Comité du Suivi’, and the Central African President, on the Preliminary Accord to a pact of national reconciliation, 25 January 1997 [UN Peacemaker]

Preliminary Agreement on National Reconciliation Pact, 18 January 1997 [UN Peacemaker]

Chad (see also Appendix 3, Sudan/Chad and Sudan/Chad/Central African Republic)

*Yebibou Agreement 2005, 18 August 2005 [listed in Uppsala]

Agreement between the Government of Chad and the Movement for Democracy and Justice in December 2003 [listed by Marshall]

*Draft Agreement between the Government of Chad and the National Resistance Army, January 2003 [listed by Marshall]

*Tripoli 2 Agreement, 7 January 2002 [listed in Uppsala]

*Agreement between Government of Chad and the Armed Resistance against Anti-Democratic Forces, June 2000 [listed by Marshall]

*Reconciliation Agreement, 3 July 1999 [listed in Uppsala]

*Donya Agreement, 7 May 1998 [listed in Uppsala]

*National Reconciliation Agreement, 3 October 1997 [listed in Uppsala]

*Agreement between Government of Chad and the Chadian National Liberation Front- People's Armed Force (Frolinat-FAP), August 1997 [listed by Marshall]

*Agreement between Government of Chad and the Armed Forces for a Federal Republic (FARF), April 1997 [listed by Marshall]

*Agreement between the Government of Chad and Action for Unity and Development, January 1996 [listed by Marshall]

*The Dougia Accord, 22 October 1995 [listed in Uppsala]

*Abeche Agreement, 12 October 1994 [listed in Uppsala]

(p.314) *Bangui 2 Agreement, 11 August 1994 [listed in Uppsala]

*Tripoli 1 Agreement, 16 October 1993 [listed in Uppsala]

*El Geina Agreement, 31 October 1992 [listed in Uppsala]

*Agreement between Government of Chad and Chadian National Front, September 1992 [listed by Marshall]

Colombia

*Sante Fe de Ralito II, 13 May 2004 [cited in Laplante & Theidon (2006)]

Sante Fe de Ralito Accord to contribute to peace in Colombia, 15 July 2003 [Diaz Uribe & Villamizar Herrera (1995)]

Acuerdo de Cronograma de Consenso para el Futuro del Proceso de Paz, 20 November 2002 [UN Peacemaker]

Acuerdo sobre el Acompañamiento Naciona E International a la Mesa de Dialogo y Negociación, 7 February 2002 [UN Peacemaker]

Accord for Colombia between the Colombian Government and the ELN, 24 November 2001 [Accord]

*Secret Agreement with Mayors and ELN Guerrillas (see Letter from AUC to Antioquia Governor Guillermo Gaviria), 19 November 2001

Acuerdo de San Francisco de la Sombra para Concretar y Consolidar el Proceso de Paz, 5 October 2001 [UN Peacemaker]

Government-FARC humanitarian exchange accord, 2 June 2001 [Accord]

Declaración de Aguas Lindas, 31 February 2001 [Center for International Policy]

Acuerdo de Los Pozos, 9 February 2001 [UN Peacemaker]

Comunicado Publico: Declaración de San José de Costa Rica, 18 October 2000 [Center for International Policy]

Declaración de Ginebra, 25 July 2000 [Center for International Policy]

Communicado FARC-Gobierno del viaje a Europa, 2 March 2000 [Center for International Policy]

Communicado no 6 de la Mesa de Diálogós y Negociación, 19 December 1999 [Center for International Policy]

Communicado no 5 de la Mesa de Diálogos y Negociación, 3 December 1999 [Center for International Policy]

Communicado no 4 de la Mesa de Diálogos y Negociación, 19–20 November 1999 [Center for International Policy]

Communicado no 3 de la Mesa de Diálogos y Negociación, 5 November 1999 [Center for International Policy]

Communicado no 2 de la Mesa de Dialogos y Negociacion, 2 November 1999 [Center for International Policy]

Communicado no 1 de la Mesa de Dialogos y Negociacion, 25 October 1999 [Center for International Policy]

Communicado Final Mesa de Dialogo FARC-Gobierno, 6 May 1999 [Center for International Policy]

Common Agenda for the Path to a New Colombia, [Accord]

Communicado FARC-Gobierno, 6 de mayo de 1999, 6 May 1999 [Center for International Policy]

(p.315) Acuerdo Final Entre el Gobierno Nacional y la Organización Alzada en Armas Movimiento Independiente Revolucionario, 29 July 1998 [UN Peacemaker]

Acuerdo de la Puerto del Cielo, 15 July 1998 [UN Peacemaker]

Declaración de Viana, 9 February 1998 [UN Peacemaker]

Acuerdo Final Gobierno Nacional Frente Francisco Garnica de la Coordinadora Guerrillera, 30 June 1994 [Diaz Uribe & Villamizar Herrera (1995)]

Acuerdo para la Convivencia Ciudadana Gobierno Nacional Milicias Populares del Pueblo y para el Pueblo, Milicias Independientes, de Valle de Aburra y Milicias Metropolitanas, de la Ciudad de Medellin, 26 May 1994 [Diaz Uribe & Villamizar Herrera (1995)]

Acuerdo Político Final Gobierno Nacional Corriente de Renovación Socialista, 9 April 1994 [Diaz Uribe & Villamizar Herrera (1995)]

Pacto por la Consolidación de los procesos de Paz, 11 May 1993 [Diaz Uribe & Villamizar Herrera (1995)]

Acuerdo entre los Comandos Ernesto Rojas y el Gobierno Nacional Protocolo, 20 March 1992 [Diaz Uribe & Villamizar Herrera (1995)]

Acuerdo Final entre el Gobierno Nacional y el Movimieto Armado Quintin Lame, Campamento de Pueblo Nuevo Caldono-Cauca, 27 May 1991 [Diaz Uribe & Villamizar Herrera (1995)]

Acuerdo de Crave Norte, 15 May 1991 [UN Peacemaker]

The Caracas Agenda, 6 June 1991 [Accord]

Acuerdo Final Gobierno Nacional- Ejercito Popular de Liberación, 15 February 1991 [Diaz Uribe & Villamizar Herrera (1995)]

Acuerdo Final, 25 January 1991 [Diaz Uribe & Villamizar Herrera (1995)]

Political Agreement between the National Government, the Political Parties, M-19 and the Catholic Church as Moral and Spiritual Guardian of the Process, 9 March 1990 [Accord]

Comoros/Anjouan

*Agreement on the Transitional Arrangements in the Comoros, 20 December 2003 [listed in Uppsala]

*The Famboni II Agreement, 17 February 2001 [listed in Uppsala]

*The Famboni Declaration, 26 August 2000 [listed in Uppsala]

*Antanavarivo Peace Agreement between Comoran Government and delegation from island of Moheli, April 1999 [listed by Marshall]

Congo-Brazzaville

Accord de Decembre 29, 1999 (French), 29 December 1999 [UN Peacemaker]

Accord de Cessation des Hostilities, 16 November 1999 [UN Peacemaker]

Côte d'Ivoire

Ouagadougou Political Agreement, 4 March 2007 [UN Doc S/2007/144]

(p.316) UN SC Resolution 1633 (2005), 21 October 2005 [UN Peacemaker]

Declaration on the Implementation of the Pretoria Agreement on the Peace Process in the Côte d'Ivoire (‘Pretoria II’), 29 June 2005 [UN Peacemaker]

Pretoria Agreement on the Peace Process in Côte d'Ivoire (‘Pretoria I'), 6 April 2005 [UN Peacemaker]

Accra III Agreement on Côte d'Ivoire, 30 July 2004 [UN Peacemaker]

Joint Declaration of the Defence and Security Forces, 4 July 2003 [UN Peacemaker]

Accord de Cessez-le-Feu (French), 3 May 2003 [UN Peacemaker]

Accord Accra II (Ghana) sur la Crise en Côte d'Ivoire (French), 8 March 2003 [UN Peacemaker]

Paris Conclusions of the Conference of Heads of State on Côte d'Ivoire, 26 January 2003 [UN Peacemaker]

Linas-Marcoussis Agreement, 24 January 2003 [USIP]

Accords de Lomé (French), 1 November 2002 [UN Peacemaker]

Accord de Cessation des Hostilites (French), 17 October 2002 [UN Peacemaker]

Sommet Extraordinaire des Chefs d'Etat de Governement sur la Situation en Côte d'Ivoire: Accra 1 (French), 29 September 2002 [UN Peacemaker]

Croatia

Basic Agreement on the Region of Eastern Slavonia, Baranja, and Western Sirmium (‘The Erdut Agreement’), 12 November 1995 [USIP]

Ceasefire Agreement of 29 March 1994, 29 March 1994 [UN Peacemaker]

Cease-fire Agreement, 23 November 1991 [UN Peacemaker]

Cyprus

Annan Plan for Cyprus Settlement, 21 November 2002 [http://www.tcea.org.uk/Annan-Plan-For-Cyprus-Settlement.htm>]

Democratic Republic of Congo (see also Appendix 3, African Great Lakes)

Intercongolese Negotiations: The Final Act (‘The Sun City Agreement’), 2 April 2003 [UN Peacemaker]

Memorandum sur le Mechanisme pour la formation d'une Armée Nationale, Restructurée et Intergrée, 7 March 2003 [UN Peacemaker]

Global and Inclusive Agreement on Transition in the Democratic Republic of Congo (‘The Pretoria Agreement’), 16 December 2002 [UN Peacemaker]

*Political Agreement on Consensual Management of the Transition in the Democratic Republic of Congo, 16 April 2002 [listed in Uppsala]

Acte d'Engagement Gaborone (French), 24 August 2001 [UN Peacemaker]

Declaration of Fundamental Principles of the Inter-Congolese Political Negotiations, 4 May 2001 [UN Peacemaker]

Ceasefire Agreement, 10 July 1999 (Lusaka Agreement) [USIP]

(p.317) Djibouti

Accord de Reforme et de Concorde Civile, 12 May 2001 [listed in Uppsala]

Accord cadre de reforme et de concorde civile, 7 February 2000 [copy on file with author]

Le Accord de Paix, 26 December 1994 [copy on file with author]

East Timor

UN SC Res 1257, 3 August 1999 [USIP]

UN SC Res 1246, 11 June 1999 [UN SC website]

UN SC Res 1236, 7 May 1999 [UN SC website]

Agreement Between the Republic of Indonesia and the Portuguese Republic on the Question of East Timor, providing for a constitutional framework for autonomy to be put to the people of East Timor in a referendum, and providing for its implementation if accepted, and if not accepted, severing of Indonesian links with East Timor, and restoration of its prior status, 5 May 1999 [USIP]

Agreement Regarding the Modalities for the Popular Consultation of the East Timorese Through a Direct Ballot, 5 May 1999 [USIP]

East Timor Popular Consultation Agreement Regarding Security 5 May 1999 [USIP]

Dili Peace Accord, 21 April 1999 [copy on file with author]

El Salvador

Joint Declaration Signed on 4 October 1994 by the Representatives of the Government of El Salvador and of the Frente Farabundo Marti para la Liberacion Nacional (FMLN), 4 October 1994 [copy on file with author]

Timetable for the Implementation of the Most Important Outstanding Agreements, 19 May 1994 [copy on file with author]

Agreement of the Tripartite Meeting, 8 September 1993 [copy on file with author]

Supplementary Agreement, 5 February 1993 [copy on file with author]

Complementary Agreement, 22 December 1992 [copy on file with author]

New York Act II, 16 January 1992 [USIP]

Peace Agreement, 16 January 1992 [USIP]

New York Act, 31 December 1991 [USIP]

Understandings Regarding the New York Agreement (‘The Compressed Negotiations’), 25 September 1991 [USIP]

New York Agreement, 25 September 1991 [USIP]

Mexico Agreements, 27 April 1991 [USIP]

Agreement on Human Rights, 26 July 1990 [USIP]

General Agenda and Timetable for the Comprehensive Negotiating Process, Caracas, 21 May 1990 [USIP]

Press Communiqué Issued Following the Geneva Meeting Presided over by the Secretary General between Representatives of the Government of El Salvador and of the Frente Farabundo Martí para la Liberación nacional (‘Geneva Agreement’), 4 April 1990 [USIP]

(p.318) Eritrea

Constitutional Commission of Eritrea Draft Constitution, July 1996 [copy on file with author]

Ethiopia

*Communiqué Commun des Groupes Rebelles Ethiopiens, 1991

Fiji

Constitution (Amendment) Act 1997 of the Republic of the Fiji Islands, 25 July 1997 [http://www.unescap.org/esid/psis/population/database/poplaws/law_fiji/fiji_004.htm>]

France/New Caledonia

Agreement on New Caledonia, 5 May 1998 [copy on file with author]

Gabon

*Accord de Paris, November 1994 [US State Department Background note on Gabon, http://www.state.gov/r/pa/ei/bgn/2826.htm>]

Georgia/Abkhazia

Yalta Declaration of the Georgian and Abkhaz Sides, 16 March 2001 [UN Peacemaker]

Istanbul Statement of the Georgian and Abkhaz sides on confidence-building measures, 9 June 1999 [Accord]

*Decision on the further measures on settlement of the conflict in Abkhazia, Georgia, The Council of the Heads of State of the Commonwealth of Independent States, 2 April 1999 [listed in Accord]

Protocol on Meeting of Geo and Ark Sides, 21 December 1998 [copy on file with author]

Protocol of the sixth session of the Coordinating Council of the Georgian and Abkhaz sides, 18 December 1998 [copy on file with author]

Athens Meeting of the Georgian and Abkhaz sides on confidence-building measures, 18 October 1998 [Accord]

Minutes of the meeting between the Georgian and Abkhaz sides on stabilization of the situation along the line separating the sides, 24 September 1998 [copy on file with author]

Protocol of the fifth session of the Coordinating Council of the Georgian and Abkhaz sides, 2 September 1998 [copy on file with author]

(p.319) Concluding statement on the results of the second meeting of the Georgian and Abkhaz sides, Geneva, 23–25 July 1998 [copy on file with author]

Protocol on the ceasefire, separation of armed units and guarantees for the prevention of acts involving force (‘Gagra Protocol’), 26 May 1998 [copy on file with author]

Protocol of the fourth (second special) session of the Coordinating Council of the Georgian and Abkhaz sides, 22 May 1998 [copy on file with author]

Decision of 28 April 1998 on additional measures for the settlement of the conflict in Abkhazia, Georgia, The Council of Heads of State of the Commonwealth of Independent State, 28 April 1998 [copy on file with author]

Record of the first extraordinary session of the Coordinating Council of the Georgian and Abkhaz parties, 22 January 1998 [copy on file with author]

Record of the Second Session of Working Group 1 of the Coordinating Council of the Georgian and Abkhaz parties on issues related to the lasting non-resumption of hostilities and to security problems, 22 January 1998 [copy on file with author]

Record of the first session of the Coordinating Council of the Georgian and Abkhaz Parties, 18 December 1997 [Accord]

Concluding Statement on the Outcome of the Resumed Meeting between the Georgian and Abkhaz parties, 17–19 November 1997 [copy on file with author]

*Protocol of the meeting of the Georgian and Abkhaz parties, 20 August 1997 [listed in Accord]

Statement on the meeting between the Georgian and Abkhaz parties, 14 August 1997 [copy on file with author]

Rules Governing the Work of the Working Groups, 12 June 1997 [copy on file with author]

*Decision on the expansion of the operation for maintaining peace in Abkhazia, Georgia, The Council of Heads of State of the Commonwealth of Independent States, 28 March 1997 [listed in Accord]

*Decision on measures for the settlement of the conflict in Abkhazia, Georgia and the resolution on the extension of the mandate of the Collective Peacekeeping Forces in the zone of conflict, The Council of Heads of State of the Commonwealth of Independent States, 19 January 1996 [listed in Accord]

UNOMIG Mandate adopted by Security Council Resolution 937, 21 July 1994 [UN SC website]

Agreement on a Ceasefire and Separation of Forces, 14 May 1994 [USIP]

Proposal for the Establishment of a Coordinating Commission, 11 May 1994 [USIP]

Declaration on Measures or a Political Settlement of the Georgia-Abkhaz Conflict, 4 April 1994 [USIP]

Quadripartite Agreement on Voluntary Return of Refugees and Displaced Persons, 4 April 1994 [USIP]

Communiqué on the second round of negotiations between the Georgian and Abkhaz sides, 13 January 1994 [copy on file with author]

Memorandum of understanding between the Georgian and Abkhaz sides at the negotiations held in Geneva, 1 December 1993 [copy on file with author]

Agreement on a Ceasefire in Abkhazia and Arrangements to Monitor its Observance (‘The Sochi Agreement’), 27 July 1993 [UN Peacemaker]

*Ceasefire Agreement, 14 May 1993 [listed in Accord]

Ceasefire, 3 September 1992 [copy on file with author]

(p.320) Guatemala

Agreement on the Implementation, Compliance and Verification Timetable for the Peace Agreements, 29 December 1996 [UN Peacemaker]

Agreement on a Firm and Lasting Peace, 29 December 1996 [UN Peacemaker]

Agreement on the Basis for the Legal Integration of the Unidad Revolucionaria Nacional Guatemalteca, 12 December 1996 [USIP]

Agreement on Constitutional Reforms and the Electoral Regime, 7 December 1996 [USIP]

Agreement on a Definitive Ceasefire, 4 December 1996 [USIP]

Agreement on the Strengthening of Civilian Power and on the Role of the Armed Forces in a Democratic Society, 19 September 1996 [USIP]

Agreement on the Social and Economic Aspects and Agrarian Situation, 6 May 1996 [USIP]

Agreement on the Identity and Rights of Indigenous Peoples, 31 March 1995 [USIP]

Agreement to establish Commission to clarify past human rights violations and acts of violence that caused the Guatemalan population to suffer, 23 July 1994 [USIP]

Agreement on Resettlement of the Population Groups uprooted by the Armed Conflict, 17 June 1994 [USIP]

Comprehensive Agreement on Human Rights, 29 March 1994 [USIP]

Agreement on a Timetable for Negotiations of a Firm and Lasting Peace in Guatemala, 29 March 1994 [USIP]

Framework Agreement for the Resumption of the Negotiating Process between the Government of Guatemala and the ‘Unidad Revolucionaria Nacional Guatemalteca’ (URNG), 10 January 1994 [USIP]

Framework Agreement on Democratization in the Search for Peace by Political Means (‘The Queretaro Agreement’), 25 July 1991 [UN Peacemaker]

Agreement on the Procedure for the Search for Peace by Political Means (‘The Mexico Agreement’), 26 April 1991 [UN Peacemaker]

Agreement on a General Agenda, 26 April 1991 [UN Peacemaker]

Basic Agreement for the Search for Peace by Political Means (‘Oslo Agreement’), 30 March 1990 [UN Peacemaker]

Guinea-Bissau

Additional Protocol to the Abuja Accord of 1 November 1998 Concerning the Formation of the Government of National Unity of Guinea-Bissau, 15 December 1998 [UN Peacemaker]

Final Communiqué of the Lomé Meeting on the Peace Process in Guinea-Bissau, 15 December 1998 [UN Peacemaker]

Agreement between the Government of Guinea Bissau and the Self-proclaimed military junta (‘Abuja Accord’), 1 November 1998 [USIP]

Ceasefire Agreement in Guinea-Bissau, 26 August 1998 [UN Peacemaker]

*Communiqué final de la Reunion du Comite des Sept de la CEDEAO et du Groupe de contact de la CPLP, 25 August 1998 [UN Doc S/1998/825]

(p.321) Haiti

Governors Island Accord, July 1993 [http://www-cgsc.army.mil/carl/resources/csi/kretchik/appendixd.asp>]

Protocol of agreement between President Jean-Bertrand Aristide and Prime Minister- Designate René Théodore under the auspices of the Organization of American States (OAS), 25 February 1992 [http://www.cidh.org/countryrep/EnHa93/annexes.htm>]

Protocol between President Jean-Bertrand Aristide and the parliamentary negotiating commission to find a definitive solution to the Haitian crisis, 23 February 1992 [http://www.cidh.org/countryrep/EnHa93/annexes.htm>]

India/Adivaasi

Memorandum of Settlement on Bodoland Territorial Council, 10 February 2003 [<www.satp.org>]

Bodoland Autonomous Council Act 1993, 20 February 1993 [reproduced in Datta (1995)]

Memorandum of Settlement (‘Bodo Accord’), 20 February 1993 [reproduced in Datta (1995)]

The Darjeeling Gorkha Hill Council (Amendment) Act, 1994 [reproduced in Datta (1995)]

Five Point Agreement between the Government of Mizoram and the HMAR People's Convention, 29 September 1993 [reproduced in Datta (1995)]

Memorandum of Settlement, 23 August 1993 [reproduced in Datta (1995)]

Indonesia/Aceh

Memorandum of Understanding between the Government of the Republic of Indonesia and the Free Aceh Movement, 15 August 2005 [BBC website]

Cessation of Hostilities Framework Agreement between Government of the Republic of Indonesia and the Free Aceh Movement, 9 December 2002 [USIP]

*Joint Statement by the Government of the Republic of Indonesia and the Free Aceh Movement, 10 May 2002 [listed by Centre for Humanitarian Dialogue]

*Points for Further Consultation, 3 February 2002 [listed by Centre for Humanitarian Dialogue]

*Directives to the Joint Council for Political Dialogue, 1 July 2001 [listed by Centre for Humanitarian Dialogue]

*Evaluation of the Conduct of Cessation of Violence, 4 April 2001 [listed by Centre for Humanitarian Dialogue]

*4th Commander to Commander Agreement: The Follow-Up of Security Arrangements in Aceh, 18 March 2001 [listed by Centre for Humanitarian Dialogue]

*3rd Commander to Commander Agreement: The Third Term Evaluation Results of the Cessation of Violence in Aceh, 1 March 2001 [listed by Centre for Humanitarian Dialogue]

(p.322) 2nd Commander to Commander Agreement: Results of 10-day Evaluation Concerning Agreement Implementation on Cessation of Violence in Aceh, 22 February 2001 [Centre for Humanitarian Dialogue]

Directive Agreed upon by the Government of the Republic of Indonesia and the Leadership of the Free Aceh Movement, 16 February 2001 [Centre for Humanitarian Dialogue]

Agreement Reached by both Field Commanders of the RI and the GAM, 10 February 2001 [Centre for Humanitarian Dialogue]

Provisional Understanding between the Government of the Republic of Indonesia and the Leadership of the Free Aceh Movement, 9 January 2001 [Centre for Humanitarian Dialogue]

Third Meeting of the Joint Forum, Switzerland, 23–24 September 2000 [Centre for Humanitarian Dialogue]

Second Meeting of the Joint Forum, Switzerland, 5–6 August 2000 [Centre for Humanitarian Dialogue]

First Meeting of the Joint Forum, Switzerland, 23–24 June 2000 [Centre for Humanitarian Dialogue]

Joint Understanding on Humanitarian Pause for Aceh, 12 May 2000 [Centre for Humanitarian Dialogue]

Bavois Agreement, 27 January 2000 [Centre for Humanitarian Dialogue]

Indonesia/Moluccas

The Moluccas Agreement in Malino (‘Malino II’), 14 February 2002 [UN Peacemaker]

Malino Declaration Signed by Two Warring Parties to End Conflict and Create Peace in Poso, Central Sulawesi (‘Malino I’), 20 December 2001 [UN Peacemaker]

Israel/PLO (see also Appendix 3, Israel/Jordan, Israel/Jordan/PLO, Israel/Jordan/Lebanon/PLO/Syria)

The Sharm El Sheikh Memorandum on: Implementation Timeline of Outstanding Commitments of Agreements Signed and the Resumption of Permanent Status Negotiations, 4 September 1999 [Israeli Ministry of Foreign Affairs]

The Wye River Memorandum, 23 October 1998 [Israeli Ministry of Foreign Affairs]

Agreement on Temporary International Presence in the City of Hebron (II), 21 January 1997 [UN Peacemaker]

Protocol Concerning the Redeployment in Hebron, 17 January 1997 [Israeli Ministry of Foreign Affairs]

Agreement on the Temporary International Presence in the City of Hebron, 9 April 1996 [Israeli Ministry of Foreign Affairs]

(p.323) Israeli-Palestinian Interim Agreement on the West Bank and the Gaza Strip (‘Oslo II’), 28 September 1995 [Israeli Ministry of Foreign Affairs]

Protocol on Further Transfer of Powers and Responsibilities, 27 August 1995 [Israeli Ministry of Foreign Affairs]

Agreement on Preparatory Transfer of Powers and Responsibilities, 29 August 1994 [INCORE]

Agreement on the Gaza Strip and the Jericho Area (‘Cairo Agreement’), 4 May 1994 [INCORE]

Protocol on Economic Relations, 29 April 1994 [Israeli Ministry of Foreign Affairs]

Declaration of Principles on Interim Self-Government Arrangements (‘Oslo Accords’), 13 September 1993 [USIP]

Israel/PLO Recognition, 9–10 September 1993 [Israeli Ministry of Foreign Affairs]

Kosovo

Undertaking of Demilitarization and Transformation by the UCK, 21 June 1999 [UN Peacemaker]

UNSC Res 1244, 10 June 1999 [UN SC website]

Military Technical Agreement between the International Security Force and the Governments of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia and the Republic of Serbia, 9 June 1999 [UN Peacemaker]

*Kosovo Peace Plan, 3 June 1999 [BBC website, http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/europe/359803.stm>]

Interim Agreement for Peace and Self-Government in Kosovo (‘Rambouillet Accord’), 23 February 1999 [USIP]

Lesotho

*Agreement between Ruling Lesotho Congress for Democracy and Opposition Parties, October 1998 [listed by Marshall]

Liberia

Comprehensive Peace Agreement Between the Government of Liberia and the Liberians United for Reconciliation and Democracy (LURD) and the Movement for Democracy in Liberia (MODEL) and Political Parties, 18 August 2003 [USIP]

Agreement on Ceasefire and Cessation of Hostilities Between the Government of the Republic of Liberia and Liberians United for Reconciliation and Democracy and the Movement for Democracy in Liberia, 17 June 2003 [USIP]

Supplement to the Abuja Accord, 17 August 1996 [UN Peacemaker]

Abuja Agreement to Supplement the Cotonou and Akosombo Agreements as subsequently clarified by the Accra Agreement, 19 August 1995 [USIP]

(p.324) Accra Acceptance and Accession Agreement, 21 December 1994 [USIP]

Agreement on the clarification of the Akosombo Agreement, 21 December 1994 [USIP]

Akosombo Agreement, 12 September 1994 [USIP]

Cotonou Accord, 25 July 1993 [USIP]

*Geneva Ceasefire, 17 July 1993 [listed in Accord]

The Final Communique of the Fourth Meeting of the Committee of Five of the Economic Community of West African States of the Liberian Crisis, held in Yamoussoukro IV on the 29 and 30 October 1991 [Accord]

*Yamoussoukro III Accord, 17 September 1991 [listed in Accord]

*Yamoussoukro II Accord, 29 July 1991 [listed in Accord]

*Yamoussoukro I Accord, 30 June 1991 [listed in Accord]

*Lomé Agreement, 13 February 1991 [listed in Uppsala]

*Banjul IV Agreement, 21 December 1990 [listed in Uppsala]

*Bamako Ceasefire Agreement, 28 November 1990

*Banjul III Agreement, 24 October 1990 [listed in Uppsala]

*ECOWAS Peace Plan -- Banjul Communiqué, 7 August 1990 [summary in Accord]

Macedonia (see also Appendix 3, FRY/Macedonia)

Framework Agreement (‘The Ohrid Agreement’), 13 August 2001 [USIP]

Mali/Azawad

*Pacte National, 11 April 1992 [listed in Uppsala]

Accord sur la cessation des hostilities entre le Gouvernement de la Republique du Mali d'une part, et le Mouvement Populaire de l'Azaouad et le Front Islamique Arabe d'autre part, 6 January 1991 [copy on file with author]

Mexico/Chiapas

Commitments for Chiapas by the State and Federal Governments and the EZLN under Paragraph 1.3 of the Rules of Procedure, 16 February 1996 [USIP]

Joint Declaration that the Federal Government and the EZLN shall submit to national debating and decision-making bodies, 16 February 1996 [USIP]

Agreement, 16 February 1996 [USIP]

Joint Proposals that the Federal Goverrment and the EZLN agree to remit to the National Debating and Decision-Making Bodies in accordance with paragraph 1.4 of the Rules of Procedure, 16 February 1996 [USIP]

Actions and Measures for Chiapas Joint Commitments and Proposals from the State and Federal Governments, and the EZLN, 17 January 1996 [USIP]

Protocole sur les principes de négociation en vue d'un accord de paix conclu par le Gouvernement et l'EZLN, 11 September 1995 [UN Peacemaker]

(p.325) Moldova/Transdniestria

*Chisinau, Tiraspol Cooperation Agreement, 11 November 1997

*Agreement between Chisinau and Tiraspol, 26 September 1997

Joint Statement of the Presidents of the Russian Federation and Ukraine in Connection with the Signing of the Memorandum on the Bases for Normalization of Relations between the Republic of Moldova and Transdniestria, 8 May 1997 [copy on file with author]

Memorandum on the Bases for Normalization of Relations between the Republic of Moldova and Transdniestria, 8 May 1997 [copy on file with author]

*Agreement on the withdrawal of Russian Forces, 21 October 1994

Morocco/Western Sahara

Peace plan for self-determination of the people of Western Sahara (‘Baker Plan II’), 23 May 2003 [outline in UN SG report 23/05/2003, full text available at http://www.wsahara.net>]

Framework Agreement on the Status of Western Sahara (‘Baker I’), 2001 [UN Doc S/2001/613]

Compromise Agreement on Troop Confinement, 29 August 1997 [INCORE]

1997 Houston Declaration, 14–16 September 1997 [INCORE]

Compromise on Outstanding Refugee Issues, 19–20 July 1997 [http://www.wsahara.net>]

Compromise Agreement on Outstanding Identification Issues, 19–20 July 1997 [INCORE]

UNSC Res 690 (1991), 29 April 1991 [UN SC website]

Mozambique

Protocol VII Donors' Conference, 4 October 1992 [USIP]

Protocol VI Cease-fire, 4 October 1992 [USIP]

Protocol V Guarantees, 4 October 1992 [USIP]

Protocol IV Military Questions, 4 October 1992 [USIP]

General Peace Agreement for Mozambique, 4 October 1992 [USIP]

Joint Declaration, 7 August 1992 [USIP]

Declaration by the Government of the Republic of Mozambique and RENAMO on the guiding principles for humanitarian assistance, 16 July 1992 [USIP]

*Agreed Minute on Rearrangement of Agenda, 19 June 1992 [listed in Accord]

Protocol III—Principles of the Electoral Act, 12 March 1992 [Accord]

Protocol II—Criteria and Arrangements for the Formation and Recognition of Parties 13 November 1991 [Accord]

Protocol I—Basic Principles, 18 October 1991 [Accord]

*Protocol on Detailed Agenda, 28 May 1991

Agreement on a Partial Ceasefire, 1 December 1990 [Accord]

Joint Communiqué, 10 July 1990 [USIP]

(p.326) Nepal

*Understanding on Interim Task Force, 21 December 2006 [listed by UN Peacemaker]

12-Point Understanding Between the Maoists, 22 November 2006 [UN Peacemaker]

Comprehensive Agreement concluded between the Government of Nepal and the Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist), 21 November 2006 [USIP]

*Decisions of the Seven Party Alliance (SPA)—Maoist Summit Meeting, 8 November 2006 [listed by UN Peacemaker]

Agreement on the Monitoring of Arms and Armies, 8 November 2006 [UN Peacemaker]

8-Point Seven Party Alliance (SPA)—Maoist Agreement, 16 June 2006 [UN Peacemaker]

25-Point Ceasefire Code of Conduct Agreed between the Government of Nepal and SPN (Maoist), 25 May 2006 [UN Peacemaker]

Nicaragua

The Managua Protocol on Disarmament, 30 May 1990 [UN Peacemaker]

Addendum to the Toncontin Agreement, 18 April 1990 [UN Peacemaker]

Definitive Ceasefire Agreement between the Government of the Republic of Nicaragua and the YATAMA Atlantic Front of the Nicaraguan Resistance under the Auspices of his Eminence Miguel Cardinal Obando y Bravo, 18 April 1990 [UN Peacemaker]

Effective and Definitive Ceasefire Agreement between the Government of Nicaragua and the Nicaraguan Resistance under the Auspices of his Eminence Miguel Cardinal Obando y Bravo, 18 April 1990 [UN Peacemaker]

The Toncontin Agreement, 23 March 1990 [UN Peacemaker]

Niger/Air and Azawad

Protocole d'accord additionnel entre le Gouvernement de la Republique du Niger et l'Union des Forces de la Resistance Armee (FPLS, MUR, FAR) et les Forces Armees Revolutionnaires du Sahara, 28 November 1997 [copy on file with author]

Accord establissant une paix definitive entre le Gouvernement de la Republique du Niger et l'Organisation de la Resistance Armee, 15 April 1995 [copy on file with author]

Accord entre le Gouvernement de la Republique du Niger et la Coordination de la Resistance Armee (‘Ouagadougou Accord’), 9 October 1994 [http://www.temoust.org/spip.php?article19>]

Accord establissant une paix entre le Gouvernement de la Republique du Niger et l'Organisation de la Resistance Armee, 9 October 1994 [copy on file with author]

*Paris Accord, 10 June 1993 [Summary in Accord; listed in Uppsala]

Papua New Guinea/Bougainville (see also Appendix 3, Papua New Guinea/Australia)

Resolution on Weapons Disposal, 9 October 2001 [Accord]

Bougainville Peace Agreement, 30 August 2001 [USIP]

(p.327) The Rotakas Record, 3 May 2001 [Accord]

Agreed Principles on Referendum, 26 January 2001 [Accord]

Gateway Communique, 9 June 2000 [Accord]

Loloata Understanding, 23 March 2000 [Accord]

The Hutjena Record, 15 December 1999 [Accord]

Joint Bougainville Negotiating Position, 14 December 1999 [Accord]

*The Arawa Resolution, 2 December 1999 [mentioned in Accord]

*The Buka Resolution, 16 November 1999 [mentioned in Accord]

*Nehan Resolution, 29 October 1999 [listed in Accord]

The Hutjena Minute, 30 June 1999 [Accord]

Matakana and Okataina Understanding, 22 April 1999 [Accord]

Draft Basic Agreement Concerning the Bougainville Reconciliation Government, 24 December 1998 [Accord]

Buin Declaration, 22 August 1998 [Accord]

The Arawa Agreement: Agreement covering Implementation of the Ceasefire, 30 April 1998 [Accord]

Protocol Concerning the Peace Monitoring Group, 29 April 1998 [Accord]

Lincoln Agreement on Peace, Security and Development on Bougainville, 23 January 1998 [USIP]

Cairms Commitment on Implementation of the Agreement Concerning the Neutral Regional Truce Monitoring Group for Bougainville, 24 November 1997 [Accord]

The Burnham Truce, 10 October 1997 [Accord]

The Burnham Declaration by Bougainville Leaders on the Re-Establishment of a Process for Lasting Peace and Justice on Bougainville, 5–18 July 1997 [USIP]

Memorandum of Understanding, 4 June 1996 [Accord]

Bougainville Transitional Government Peace Plan, February 1996 [Accord]

Cairns Joint Communiqué, 1 December 1995 [Accord]

Waigini Communiqué, 18 May 1995 [Accord]

Charter of Mirigini for a New Bougainville, 25 October 1994 [Accord]

North Nasioi Agreement, 18 October 1994 [Accord]

Agreement between Papua New Guinea and Fiji, Tonga, Solomon Islands, Vanuatu, Australia and New Zealand, concerning the Status of Elements of the Defence Forces of those countries deployed in the North Solomons Province of Papua New Guinea as part of the South Pacific Peacekeeping Force, 28 September 1994 [Australian Treaty Series]

*Honiara Commitments to Peace, 3 September 1994 [listed in Uppsala]

The Tambea Accord 27 August 1994 [Accord]

*Kavieng Agreement, February 1991 [listed in Accord]

The Honiara Declaration, 23 January 1991 [Accord]

Endeavour Accord, 5 August 1990 [Accord]

Agreement to End Hostilities on Bougainville, 1 March 1990 [Accord]

Philippines/Mindanao

2003 GRP-MILF Joint Statement, 28 March 2003 [Accord]

Joint Statement signed by the MNLF and MILF, 9 May 2002 [Accord]

(p.328) Implementing Guidelines on the Humanitarian, Rehabilitation and Development Aspects of the GRP-MILF Tripoli Agreement on Peace of 2001, 7 May 2002 [Accord]

2002 Joint Communiqué between the GRP and the MILF, 6 May 2002 [Accord]

Implementing Guidelines on the Security Aspect of the GRP-MILF Tripoli Agreement of Peace of 2001, 7 August 2001 [USIP]

GRP-MILF Joint Communiqué, 7 August 2001 [Accord]

Agreement on Peace between the Government of the Republic of the Philippines (GRP) and the MILF, 22 June 2001 [UN Peacemaker]

Agreement on the General Framework for the Resumption of Peace Talks between the Government of the Republic of the Philippines and the Moro Islamic Liberation Front, 24 March 2001 [UN Peacemaker]

Agreement on Safety and Security Guarantees, 9 March 2000 [UN Peacemaker]

September 1999 Agreement, 2 September 1999 [Accord]

Rules and Procedures in the Administration of the Joint Secretariat of the Joint GRF-MILF Coordinating Committees on Cessation of Hostilities, 18 May 1999 [INCORE]

Rules and Procedures in the Determination and Verification of the Coverage of Cessation of Hostilities, 18 May 1999 [International Relations and Security Network]

1999 Joint Acknowledgement, 10 February 1999 [INCORE]

Resolution Creating a Joint Monitoring Contingent to Oversee the Peace Situation in Upper Minabay, Buldon, Maghuindanao, 16 October 1998 [INCORE]

General Framework of Agreement of Intent Between the Government of the Republic of Philippines (GRP) and the Moro Islamic Liberation Front (MILF), 27 August 1998 [USIP]

*General Framework of Agreement of Intent between the Government of the Republic of the Philippines and the Moro Islamic Liberation Front, 27 August 1998 [listed in Accord]

Agreement to Sustain the Quest for Peace II, 11 March 1998 [INCORE]

Agreement to Sustain the Quest for Peace I, 6 February 1998 [INCORE]

Implementing Operational Guidelines of the GRP-MILF Agreement on the General Cessation of Hostilities, 14 November 1997 [INCORE]

Implementing Administrative Guidelines of the GRP-MILF Agreement on the General Cessation of Hostilities, 12 September 1997 [Accord]

Agreement by the Government of the Philippines (GRP) and the Moro Islamic Liberation Front (MILF), 3 September 1997 [USIP]

Agreement for General Cessation of Hostilities, 18 July 1997 [INCORE]

Interim Cessation of Hostilities in Buldon, Maguindanao, 27 January 1997

Peace Agreement with the Moro National Liberation Front, 2 September 1996 [INCORE]

*Davao Accord, Points of Consensus of the 8th GRP-MNLF Mixed Committee Meeting with the participation of the OIC Ministerial Committee of the Six, Davao City, Philippines, 23 January 1996 [listed in Accord]

*Interim Agreement, third round of formal peace talks between the GRP and the MNLF with the participation of the Ministerial Committee of Six and the Secretary General of the OIC, Jakarta, Indonesia 1, December 1995 [listed in Accord]

*GRP-RAM/SFP/YOU General Agreement for Peace, 13 March 1995 [listed in Uppsala]

(p.329) Joint Agreement on the Formation, Sequence and Operationalization of the Reciprocal Working Committees, 26 June 1995 [http://www.derechos.org/nizkor/filipinas/>]

Joint Agreement on the Ground Rules of the Formal Meetings between the GRP and NDFP Panels, 26 February 1995 [http://www.derechos.org/nizkor/filipinas/>]

Joint Agreement on Safety and Immunity Guarantees, 24 February 1995 [http://www.philippinerevolution.net>]

*Interim Agreement, second round of formal Peace talks between the GRP and the MNLF with the participation of the OIC, Jakarta, Indonesia, 5 September 1994 [listed in Accord]

The Breukelen Joint Statement, 14 June 1994 [http://www.philippinerevolution.net>]

*Joint Guidelines and Ground Rules for the Implementation of the 1993 Interim GRP-MNLF Ceasefire Agreement—GRP-MNLF Panels, Zamboanga City, Philippines, 20 January 1994 [listed in Accord]

1993 Interim Ceasefire Agreement Between the Government of the Republic of The Philippines (GRP) and the Moro National Liberation Front (MNLF) with the Participation of the Organization of the Islamic Conference (OIC), 7 November 1993 [USIP]

Statement of Understanding, 16 April 1993 [USIP]

*Statement of Understanding between the GRP and the MNLF, first round of the GRP-MNLF exploratory talks, Tripoli, Libya, 4 October 1992 [listed in Accord]

The Hague Joint Declaration, 1 September 1992 [http://www.philippinerevolution.net>]

Philippines/National Democratic Front

Oslo Joint Statement, 14 February 2004 [Centre for Humanitarian Dialogue]

Second Oslo Joint Statement, 14 February 2004 [Centre for Humanitarian Dialogue]

Comprehensive Agreement on Respect for Human Rights and International Humanitarian Law between the Government of the Rep of the Philippines and the National Democratic Front of the Philippines, 16 March 1998 [INCORE]

Additional Implementation Rules of the Joint Agreement on Safety and Immunity Guarantees Pertaining to the Security of Personnel and Consultations in Furtherance of the Peace Negotiations, 16 March 1998 [INCORE]

Joint Agreement in Support of Socioeconomic Projects of Private Development Organizations and Institutes, 16 March 1998 [INCORE]

Russian Federation/Chechnya

*Chernomyrdin Agreement, 3 October 1997 [SIPRI yearbook]

Peace Treaty and Principles of Interrelation between Russian Federation and Chechen Republic Ichkeria, 12 May 1997 [INCORE]

Russian-Chechen Agreement, 23 October 1996 [copy on file with author]

Khasavyourt Joint Declaration and Principles for Mutual Relations, 31 August 1996

Russian-Chechen Truce Agreement: Principles for Determining the Fundamentals of Relations between the Russian Federation and the Chechen Republic (‘Khasavyut Accord’), 25 August 1996 [INCORE]

(p.330) Agreement ‘On Urgent Measures to Stop Fire and Combat Operations in the City of Grozny and on the Territory of Chechnya’, 22 August 1996 [copy on file with author]

Protocol of the Meeting of the Commissions on the Negotiations Regarding a Ceasefire and Cessation of Hostilities and on Measures to Settle the Armed Conflict on the Territory of the Chechen Republic, 10 June 1996 [INCORE]

Protocol of the Meeting of the Working Groups, Formed under the Negotiations Commissions, to Locate Missing Persons and to Free Forcibly Detained Persons, 10 June 1996 [INCORE]

Draft Treaty on the Delimitation of Subjects of Jurisdiction and Powers between the Russian Federation Organs of State Power and the Chechen Republic Organs of State Power, 31 May 1996 [copy on file with author]

Protocol of the Meeting of the Working Groups on the Question of a Settlement of the Armed Conflict on the Territory of the Chechen Republic, 28 May 1996 [INCORE]

Agreement on a Ceasefire, the Cessation of Military Activities, and on Measures for a Settlement of the Armed Conflict on the Territory of the Chechen Republic, 27 May 1996 [copy on file with author]

Decree of the President of the Russian Federation (‘Yeltsin's Peace Plan’), 31 March 1996

Agreement: On the basic principles of relations between the Russian Federation and the Chechen Republic, 3 December 1995 [copy on file with author]

Agreement on the Peaceful Regulation of the Situation in the Chechen Republic (on a set of military issues), 30 July 1995 [copy on file with author]

Protocol of the Meeting of Delegates for the Peaceful Resolution of the Crisis in the Chechen Republic, with the Cooperation of the OSCE, 21 June 1995 [copy on file with author]

Protocol of the Meeting of Delegations on the Issue of Peaceful Resolution of the Crisis in the Chechen Republic with OSCE Support, 20 June 1995 [copy on file with author]

Rwanda (see also Appendix 3, African Great Lakes)

Peace Agreement between the Government of the Republic of Rwanda and the Rwandese Patriotic Front (‘Arusha Agreement’), 4 August 1993 [UN Peacemaker]

Protocol of Agreement between the Government of the Republic of Rwanda and the Rwandese Patriotic Front on Miscellaneous Issues and Final Provisions, 3 August 1993 [UN Peacemaker]

Protocol of Agreement between the Government of the Republic of Rwanda and the Rwandese Patriotic Front on the Integration of the Armed Forces of the Two Parties, 3 August 1993 [UN Peacemaker]

Protocol of Agreement between the Government of the Republic of Rwanda and the RPF on the Repatriation of Rwandese Refugees and the Resettlement of Displaced Persons, 9 June 1993 [UN Peacemaker]

Protocol of Agreement between the Government of the Republic of Rwanda and the RPF on Power-Sharing within the Framework of a Broad-Based Transitional Government, 30 October 1992 [UN Peacemaker]

Protocol of Agreement between the Government of the Republic of Rwanda and the RPF on the Rule of Law, 18 August 1992 [UN Peacemaker]

(p.331) N'SELE Ceasefire Agreement 29 March 1991 between the Government of the Republic of Rwanda (GRR) and the RPF as amended at Gbadolite on 16 September 1991 and at Arusha 12 July 1992 [UN Peacemaker]

Senegal/Casamance

*Accord general de paix entre le gouvernement de la republique du Senegal el le Mouvement des forces democratique de la Casamance (MFDC), 30 December 2004 [listed in Uppsala]

*Agreement between the Government of Senegal and the Movement for Democratic Forces of Casamance, March 2001 [listed by Marshall]

*Agreement between Government of Senegal and the Movement for Democratic Forces of Casamance, May 1991 [listed by Marshall]

Serbia-Montenegro

Starting Points for the Restructuring of Relations between Serbia and Montenegro (‘The Belgrade Agreement’), 14 March 2002 [UN Peacemaker]

Sierra Leone

*Peace Agreement between the Revolutionary United Front rebel group and the pro-government Civil Defence Forces (CDF, the Kamajor militia), May 2001 [listed by Marshall]

Ceasefire Agreement between the Sierra Leone Government and the RUF (‘Abuja Ceasefire Agreement’), 10 November 2000 [UN Peacemaker]

Peace Agreement between the Republic of Sierra Leone and the Revolutionary United Front of Sierra Leone (RUF/SL) (Lomé Agreement), 7 July 1999 [USIP]

Statement by the Government of Sierra Leone and the Revolutionary United Front of Sierra Leone on the Delivery of Humanitarian Assistance in Sierra Leone, 3 June 1999 [http://www.sierra-leone.org/lomeaccord.html>—ANNEX 4]

Statement by the Government of Sierra Leone and the Revolutionary United Front of Sierra Leone on the Release of Prisoners of War and Non-combatants, 2 June 1999 [http://www.sierra-leone.org/lomeaccord.html>—ANNEX 3]

Agreement on Ceasefire in Sierra Leone, 18 May 1999 [http://www.sierra-leone.org>]

Economic Community of West African States six-month peace plan for Sierra Leone (23 October 1997–22 April 1998), 23 November 1997 [USIP]

Communiqué issued at Conakry on 23 October 1997 at the conclusion of the meeting between the Ministers of Foreign Affairs of the Committee of Five on Sierra Leone of the Economic Community of West African States and the delegation representing Major Johnny Paul Koromah, 23 October 1997 [USIP]

Peace Agreement between the Government of the Republic of Sierra Leone and the Revolutionary United Front of Sierra Leone, signed at Abidjan (‘Abidjan Accord’), 30 October 1996 [USIP]

(p.332) Slovenia

*Brioni Agreement, 12 July 1991 [listed in Uppsala]

Solomon Islands

Townsville Peace Agreement, 15 October 2000 [http://www.commerce.gov.sb/Gov/Peace_Agreement.htmt;]

*Marau Communique, 15 July 2000 [listed in Townville Accord]

*Auki Communique, 12 May 2000 [listed in Townsville Accord]

*Buala Peace Communique, 5 May 2000 [listed in Townsville Accord]

*Panatina Agreement between Solomon Islands National Government, The Guadalcanal Provincial Government and the Police High Command, 12 August 1999

Honiara Peace Accord, 28 June 1999 [http://www.spc.int/coastfish/Countries/solomons/ACCORD.htm>]

*Memorandum of understanding between the Solomon Islands Government and the Guadalcanal Provincial Government, 13 June 1999 [referred to in Honiara Peace Accord]

Somalia

Final Communiqué of the 2nd Round of Talks between the Transitional Federal Government and the Islamic Courts, 4 September 2006 [UN Peacemaker]

Communiqué Issued by the Meeting of the Ministerial Committee on Somalia, 22 June 2006 [UN Peacemaker]

The Transitional Federal Charter of the Somali Republic, 29 January 2004 [UN Peacemaker]

Declaration on Cessation of Hostilities and the Structures and Principles of the Somalia National Reconciliation Process, 27 October 2002 [UN Peacemaker]

Cairo Declaration on Somalia, 22 December 1997 [INCORE]

*Sodere Declarations, January 1997 [UN Press Release SC/6327, 27 February 1997]

*Déclaration solennelle d'engagement national 1997, 3 January 1997 [listed in App. III of UN Doc S/1997/17]

*Nairobi Declaration on National Reconciliation, 24 March 1994 [listed in Uppsala]

Addis Ababa Agreement concluded at the first session of the Conference on National Reconciliation in Somalia, 27 March 1993 [USIP]

Agreement on the Establishment of an Ad Hoc Committee, 15 January 1993 [USIP]

Agreement on Implementing the Cease-fire and on Modalities of Disarmament (Supplement to the General Agreement signed in Addis Ababa on 8 January 1993), 15 January 1993 [USIP]

The General Agreement signed in Addis Ababa, 8 January 1993 [USIP]

South Africa

Interim Constitution, 6 December 1993 [http://www.servat.unibe.ch/law/icl/ sf10000_.html>]

(p.333) Meeting Between the State President of the Republic of South Africa and the President of the African National Congress, 26 September 1992 [ANC website]

1991 Declaration of Intent, 21 December 1991 [ANC website]

National Peace Accord, 14 September 1991 [ANC website]

Memorandum of Understanding between the Government of the Republic of South Africa and the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees on the Voluntary Repatriation and Reintegration of South African Returnees, 4 September 1991 [UNHCR website]

D.F. Malan Accord, 12 February 1991 [ANC website]

African National Congress/Inkatha Freedom Party Agreement, 29 January 1991 [ANC website]

Pretoria Minute, 6 August 1990 [ANC website]

Groot Schuur Minute, 4 May 1990 [ANC website]

Spain/Basque Country

*Joint Manifesto of the Basque Nationalist Forces: Building Peace, March 1999

*Statement of Officials in the Basque Town Halls Gathered in Iruna, 6 February 1999

*Public Statement by the Assembly of Basque Local Councillors and Mayors for the Aberri Aguna (Day of the Basque Nation), February 1999

The Lizarra Declaration , 12 September 1998 [http://www.tamilnation.org/conflictresolution/countrystudies/basque/basque.htm#Lizarra>]

Democratic Alternative for the Basque Country, 26 April 1995 [http://www.tamilnation.org/conflictresolution/countrystudies/basque/basque.htm#Lizarra>]

Sri Lanka

Status of Mission Agreement on the Establishment and Management of the Sri Lanka Monitoring Mission, 18 March 2002 [UN Peacemaker]

Agreement on a ceasefire between the Government of the Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka and the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam, 23 February 2002 [USIP]

1997 Draft Constitution, March 1997 [http://www.tamilnation.org/>]

1996 Legislative Draft of Devolution Proposals, 16 January 1996 [http://www.tamilnation.org/>]

1995 Devolution Proposals, 3 August 1995[http://www.tamilnation.org/>]

Declaration of Cessation of Hostilities, 7–8 January 1995 [Accord]

Sudan/Darfur (see also Appendix 3, Sudan/Chad)

Darfur Peace Agreement, 5 May 2006 [UN Peacemaker]

*Declaration of Principles for the Resolution of the Sudanese Conflict in Darfur, 5 July 2005 [summary in Accord]

*Protocol on the Enhancement of the Security Situation in Darfur, 9 November 2004 [referred to in Darfur Agreement]

(p.334) *Protocol on the Improvement of the Humanitarian Situation in Darfur, 9 November 2004 [referred to in Darfur Agreement]

*Agreement on the Modalities for the Establishment of the Ceasefire Commission (CFC) and the Deployment of Observers, 28 May 2004 [referred to in Darfur Agreement]

Humanitarian Ceasefire Agreement on the Conflict in Darfur, April 2004 [USIP]

*Protocol on the Establishment of Humanitarian Assistance in Darfur, 8 April 2004 [referred to in Darfur agreement]

Sudan/Eastern Sudan

Eastern Sudan Peace Agreement, 14 October 2006 [UN Peacemaker]

*Declaration of Principles for the resolution of the Conflict in Eastern Sudan, 19 June 2006 [referred to in Eastern Sudan Peace Agreement]

*Agreement on Providing a Conducive Atmosphere for the Peace Atmosphere for Peace, 19 June 2006 [referred to in Eastern Sudan Peace Agreement]

*Implementation Agreement for the Provisions of the Tripoli Agreement, 25 December 2005 [referred to in Eastern Sudan Peace Agreement]

Sudan/Southern Sudan (see also Appendix 3, Eritrea/Sudan and Uganda/Sudan, African Great Lakes)

Comprehensive Peace Agreement, 9 January 2005 [USIP]

The Implementation Modalities for the Protocol on the Resolution of Conflict in Southern Kordofan and Blue Nile States, dated 26th May, 2004, 31 December 2004 [USIP]

The Implementation Modalities of the Framework Agreement on Wealth Sharing, dated 7th January 2004, 31 December 2004 [USIP]

The Implementation Modalities of the Protocol on the Resolution of the Abyei Conflict, dated 26th May, 2004, 31 December 2004 [USIP]

Agreement on Implementation Modalities of the Protocols and Agreements, 31 December 2004 [USIP]

Agreement on Permanent Ceasefire and Security Arrangements Implementation Modalities between the Government of Sudan and the SPLM/SPLA during the pre-interim and interim periods, 31 December 2004 [USIP]

The Implementation Modalities of the Protocol on Power Sharing, dated 26th May, 2004, 31 December 2004 [USIP]

Declaration on the Conclusion of IGAD Negotiations on Peace in the Sudan, 19 November 2004 [UN Peacemaker]

The Nairobi Declaration on the Final Phase of Peace in the Sudan, 5 June 2004 [UN Peacemaker]

The Protocol between the Government of Sudan and the People's Liberation Movement on the Resolution of the Abyei Conflict, 26 May 2004 [UN Peacemaker]

Protocol between the Government of Sudan and the Sudan People's Liberation Movement on the Resolution of Conflict in Southern Kordofan/Nuba Mountains and the Blue Nile States, 26 May 2004 [UN Peacemaker]

(p.335) Protocol between the Government of the Sudan and the Sudan People's Liberation Movement (SPLM) on Power Sharing, 26 May 2004 [UN Peacemaker]

Framework Agreement on Wealth Sharing during the Pre-interim and Interim Periods between the Government of the Sudan and the Sudan People's Liberation Movement/Sudan People's Liberation Army, 7 January 2004 [UN Peacemaker]

Agreement on Security Arrangements during the Interim Period, 25 September 2003 [UN Peacemaker]

Agreement between the Government of Sudan and the Sudan People's Liberation Movement on Capacity Building and the Creation of a Joint Planning Mechanism from the Sudan Technical Meeting, 10 May 2003 [UN Peacemaker]

Addendum to the Memorandum of Understanding on Cessation of Hostilities between the Government of Sudan and the Sudan People's Liberation Movement/Army, 4 February 2003 [UN Peacemaker]

Memorandum of Understanding between the Government of the Sudan and the Sudan People's Liberation Movement/Army on Aspects of Structures of Government, 18 November 2002 [UN Peacemaker]

Memorandum of Understanding on Cessation of Hostilities between the Government of the Sudan and the Sudan People's Liberation Movement/Army, 15 October 2002 [USIP]

Machakos Protocol, 20 July 2002 [UN Peacemaker]

Nuba Mountains Ceasefire Agreement on Sudan, 19 January 2002 [UN Peacemaker]

*Communiqué final sur la poursuite des initiatives de paix d l'IGAD du Soudan, 1997

Peace Agreement between the Government of Sudan and South Sudan United Democratic Salvation Front, 21 April 1997 [INCORE]

SPLM-United/ Operation Lifeline Sudan Agreement on Ground Rules, May 1996

Political Charter between the Sudan Government and the SPLA (United), 26 April 1996 [UN Peacemaker]

Political Charter, 10 April 1995 [INCORE]

Tajikistan (see also Appendix 3, Tajikistan/China/Kyrgyzstan/Kazakhstan/Russian Federation)

Law on amnesty to the participants of the political and military confrontation in the republic of Tajikistan, July 1997 [Accord]

Act on Mutual Forgiveness, July 1997 [Accord]

General Agreement on the Establishment of Peace and National Accord in Tajikistan, 27 June 1997 [USIP]

The Moscow Declaration, 27 June 1997 [USIP]

Protocol of Mutual Understanding between the President of Tajikistan, E. S. Rakhmonov and the leader of the United Tajik Opposition, S. A. Nuri, 27 June 1997 [USIP]

Protocol on the Guarantees of Implementation of the General Agreement on Establishment of Peace and National Accord in Tajikistan, 28 May 1997 [Accord]

Declaration, 18 May 1997 [Accord]

The Bishkek Memorandum, 18 May 1997 [Accord]

Protocol on Political Issues, 18 May 1997 [Accord]

Protocol on Military Issues, 8 March 1997 [Accord]

(p.336) Joint Statement by the Delegation of the Government of the Rep of Tajikistan and the Delegation of the United Tajik Opposition on the outcome of the Inter-Tajik Talks held in Moscow from 26 February to 8 March 1997 [Accord]

Statute of the Commission on National Reconciliation, 21 February 1997 [Accord]

Joint Statement of 21 February 1997 [Accord]

Additional Protocol to the Protocol on the main functions and powers of the Commission on National Reconciliation, 21 February 1997 [Accord]

Joint Statement by the Delegation of the Government of Tajikistan and the Delegation of the United Tajik Opposition, 5–19 January 1997 [Accord]

Protocol on Refugee Issues, 13 January 1997 [Accord]

Protocol on the Main Functions and Powers of the Commission on National Reconciliation, 23 December 1996 [Accord]

*Mise en oeuvre de l'Accord de paiz du 23 Decembre 1996—Reunion de Meched-Iran Communiqué commun, 23 December 1996

Agreement between the President of the Republic of Tajikistan, E.S. Rakhmonov, and the leader of the United Tajik-Opposition, S.A.Huri, on the Results of the Meeting held in Moscow on 23 December 1996 [Accord]

Protocol on Settlement of the Military and Political Situation in the areas of Confrontation, 11 December 1996 [copy on file with author]

Joint Statement of the President of the Republic of Tajikistan, E.S. Rakhmonov, and the leader of the United Tajik-Opposition, S.A. Nuri, 11 December 1996 [Accord]

Protocol on the meeting of the delegation of the state commission of the republic of Tajikstan and field commanders of Karategin administration, held in Garm 15–16 September 1996 [copy on file with author]

Protocol on the fundamental Principles for establishing Peace and National Accord in Tajikstan, 17 August 1995 [Accord]

The Protocol on the Joint Commission for the Implementation of the Agreement on a Provisional Ceasefire and the Cessation of Other Hostilities on the Tajik-Afghan Border and within the Country, 1 November 1994 [UN Peacemaker]

Agreement on a Temporary Ceasefire and the Cessation of Other Hostile Acts on the Tajik-Afghan Border and within the Country for the Duration of the Talks (‘The Tehran Agreement’), 17 September 1994 [UN Peacemaker]

Uganda (see also Appendix 3, DRC/Uganda, Uganda/Rwanda, and Uganda/Sudan, African Great Lakes)

Annexure to the Agreement on Accountability and Reconciliation, 19 February 2008 [copy on file with author]

Agreement on Accountability and Reconciliation between the Government of the Republic of Uganda and the Lord's Resistance Army/Movement, 29 June 2007 [copy on file with author]

Agreement on Cessation of Hostilities between the Government of the Republic of Uganda and the Lord's Resistance Army/Movement (LRA/M), 26 August 2006 [UN Peacemaker]

*Yumbe Peace Agreement, 24 December 2002 [listed in Uppsala]

(p.337) The Agreement between the Uganda Government and the Lord's Resistance Army (‘Gulu Ceasefire’), 2 February 1994 [Accord]

*Agreement between Government of Uganda and the Uganda People's Democratic Movement, 14 July 1990 [listed by Marshall and listed in Accord]

UK/Northern Ireland

St Andrew's Agreement, 13 October 2006 [Irish Dept of Foreign Affairs]

Joint Strategy for the Restoration of the Assembly and Executive, 6 April 2006 [Irish Dept of Foreign Affairs]

Joint Statement January 2006, 26 January 2006 [Irish Dept of Foreign Affairs]

Proposals for a Comprehensive Agreement, 8 December 2004 [Irish Dept of Foreign Affairs]

Agreement between the British and Irish Governments: Monitoring and Compliance, 1 May 2003

Joint Declaration by the British and Irish Governments, 1 May 2003 [Irish Dept of Foreign Affairs]

Proposals in Relation to On the Runs, 1 May 2003 [Irish Dept of Foreign Affairs]

Implementation of the Good Friday Agreement: Proposals by the Two Governments, 1 August 2001 [Irish Dept of Foreign Affairs]

Draft Declaration at Hillsborough, 1 April 1999 [Irish Dept of Foreign Affairs]

Treaty Establishing Implementation Bodies, 8 March 1999 [Irish Dept of Foreign Affairs]

Treaty Establishing North/South Ministerial Council, 8 March 1999 [Irish Dept of Foreign Affairs]

The Agreement Reached in Multi-Party Negotiations, 10 April 1998 [USIP]

Agreement between the Government of Ireland and the Government of the United Kingdom establishing the Independent International Commission on Decommissioning, 26 August 1997 [Irish Dept of Foreign Affairs]

Mitchell Report, 22 January 1996 [Irish Dept of Foreign Affairs]

Joint Framework Document, 22 February 1995 [Irish Dept of Foreign Affairs]

Downing Street Declaration, 15 December 1993 [Irish Dept of Foreign Affairs]

Yemen

Agreement on a Ceasefire in the Republic of Yemen, 30 June 1994 [UN Peacemaker]