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Pleasure, Mind, and SoulSelected Papers in Ancient Philosophy$
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C. C. W. Taylor

Print publication date: 2008

Print ISBN-13: 9780199226399

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2008

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199226399.001.0001

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Plato, Hare, and Davidson on Akrasia 1

Plato, Hare, and Davidson on Akrasia 1

Chapter:
(p.42) 3 Plato, Hare, and Davidson on Akrasia1
Source:
Pleasure, Mind, and Soul
Author(s):

C. C. W. Taylor

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199226399.003.0003

This chapter argues against a principle on which Donald Davidson relies in his influential discussion of akrasia, viz: ‘If an agent judges that it would be better to do x than to do y, he wants to do x more than to do y’. It seeks to show by a counter-example that that principle is false, and then to explain the different reasons why Plato and R. M. Hare also accept it. Finally, the chapter proposes an alternative principle, acceptance of which both explains the occurrence of akrasia and does more justice to the complex phenomena of wanting than the positions criticized in this chapter.

Keywords:   intentional action, pleasure, self-interest, evaluation, prescriptivism, preference

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