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Intonation and Meaning$
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Daniel Büring

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780199226269

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2016

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199226269.001.0001

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More on focus/givenness realization

More on focus/givenness realization

(p.189) 8 More on focus/givenness realization
Intonation and Meaning

Daniel Büring

Oxford University Press

Italian and Hungarian highlight aspects of focus realization which are easily overlooked when concentrating on Germanic-type languages. Italian in particular suggests that focussing and givenness deaccenting are not two sides of the same coin, since Italian clearly displays the former but not the latter. Also, contrastive focus, can be argued to be grammatically distinct from elaboration (or ‘new information’) focus, as Italian realizes them in different syntactic positions. The unification achieved in the approaches discussed earlier may be ‘too successful’. Additionally, the distinction between different types of foci proposed independently for Hungarian is not the same as that suggested by Italian. In the second part of the chapter approaches based on Nuclear Stress Rules are argued to be subsumed by the realization rules in the previous chapters, or to be inadequate where they differ from them. Their effect should be reduced to the very local phenomenon of integration plus the stress-to-accent rule.

Keywords:   Italian, Hungarian, focus, contrastive focus, exhaustivity, Nuclear Stress Rule, integration

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