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Intonation and Meaning$
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Daniel Büring

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780199226269

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2016

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199226269.001.0001

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Prosodic structure and information structure

Prosodic structure and information structure

Chapter:
(p.164) 7 Prosodic structure and information structure
Source:
Intonation and Meaning
Author(s):

Daniel Büring

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199226269.003.0007

The earlier rules for relating syntactic focus and givenness marking to accenting are replaced by mapping principles that relate to prosodic structure as introduced in the previous chapter. The resulting picture is similar in spirit and empirical coverage to the purely accent-based incarnation, but is more detailed, accurate, and, arguably, elegant. Subtle effects of focussing and deaccenting follow from the interaction of a small number of general constraints, applied to the kinds of focus-related representations introduced earlier. One striking feature of the resulting picture is that many exceptions to the popular equation focussed=accented, given/backgrounded=unaccented, both known and novel, are systematically predicted. Finally, by giving stress its proper place alongside pitch accenting, an account of so-called Second Occurrence Focus becomes possible; such a ‘focus without accent’ is now a phrasal stress which, by virtue of general constraints on the realization of focus domains, cannot be associated with a pitch accent.

Keywords:   prosodic structure, stress, stress assignments, information structure, pre-nuclear accents, deaccenting, Second Occurrence Focus

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