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Intonation and Meaning$
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Daniel Büring

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780199226269

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2016

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199226269.001.0001

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More on focus/givenness representation

More on focus/givenness representation

(p.63) 4 More on focus/givenness representation
Intonation and Meaning

Daniel Büring

Oxford University Press

Selkirk’s and Schwarzschild’s proposals represent focussing using syntactic F-markers, which can be stacked in the syntactic representation. Many proposals, however, assume just ‘the’ focus of a sentence, indicated by a single F-marker; some approaches combine this, or replace it, with a G-marker (for givenness). These choices are largely independent of the way intonation is interpreted and related to context. The notion of some constituents being focus domains can be combined with a more comprehensive theory of accenting. In various incarnations, the core concepts continue to be present, arguably because they are essential to modeling the phenomena. Also discussed are the ‘sharing’ of a single pitch accent by two lexical words, usually a predicate and its (accented) argument—‘integration’—as well as the relation between a phrasal focus and the pitch accents realizing it, referred to as ‘focus projection’ (which may be reducible to the basic rules relating focus/background and givenness to accenting).

Keywords:   F-marking, G-marking, focus domains, stacked F-markers, integration, focus projection

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