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Intonation and Meaning$
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Daniel Büring

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780199226269

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2016

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199226269.001.0001

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Association with focus

Association with focus

Chapter:
(p.261) 10 Association with focus
Source:
Intonation and Meaning
Author(s):

Daniel Büring

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199226269.003.0010

Associated focus—co-occurring with focus-sensitive particles like only/also—has been central to the development of focus semantics. This chapter highlights similarities and differences between those and pragmatic/free foci. Associated foci are, by all indications, free foci, but their effects on interpretation have not been successfully derived from their status as free focus alone. Work by Beaver and Clark argues that the association between focus and (certain) particles manifests itself not only semantically, but also morphosyntactically, in a ‘hard-wired’, grammatical relationship. Associated foci open new ways of controlling/probing what is focussed, so new, complex issues about sentences with multiple foci can be tackled, for example if it is necessary to make the relation between particles and their foci selective by employing coindexing (as argued by Kratzer, as well as examples combining several particles in a single clause as discussed by Rooth, Krifka, and Wold) A fully formalized indexing system is provided.

Keywords:   association with focus, focus sensitivity, multiple focus, focus indexing, focus semantics

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