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A Decade of HAARTThe Development and Global Impact of Highly Active Antiretroviral Therapy$
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José M. Zuniga, Alan Whiteside, Amin Ghaziani, and John G. Bartlett

Print publication date: 2008

Print ISBN-13: 9780199225859

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2009

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199225859.001.0001

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Country review: Brazil

Country review: Brazil

Chapter:
(p.241) Chapter 16 Country review: Brazil
Source:
A Decade of HAART
Author(s):

Celso Ferreira Ramos-Filho

Cledy Eliana dos Santos

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199225859.003.0016

This chapter begins with a description of the epidemiology of AIDS and HIV in Brazil. It then discusses treatment, results of free access to antiretroviral drugs, co-infection, and prevention. The HIV/AIDS epidemic in Brazil was detected early in the 1980s. Its progress seems to have been at least partially curbed by early and integrated response, including the establishment of an inclusive epidemiological surveillance system. The epidemic is characterized as concentrated since the prevalence among certain vulnerable groups is higher than 5%, but it is below 1% in the general population.

Keywords:   highly active antiretroviral therapy, HIV/AIDS, epidemiology, treatment, HAART, free access

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