Numerical Simulation Of Microflows And Nanoflows
In this chapter we review recent advances in numerical simulation of micro and nanoflows. For coarse-grained simulation of microfuidics, we present an overview of Lattice Boltzmann, Brownian dynamics, stochastic rotation dynamics, and smoothed particle hydrodynamics methods and discuss the dissipative particle dynamics method in detail as it shares many features with the other methods. In the area of nanoflows, we review recent advances in non-equilibrium molecular dynamics methods focusing on the development of self-consistent and grand canonical methods for electric-field mediated transport. We present examples showing the significance of quantum effects in nanoflows. Finally, we discuss multiscale modeling focusing on direct coupling of molecular dynamics with Navier-Stokes equations and hierarchical coupling of quantum, molecular dynamics and classical fluid equations.
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