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The World of The Neo-Hittite KingdomsA Political and Military History$

Trevor Bryce

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780199218721

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199218721.001.0001

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(p.301) Appendix II Neo-Hittite and Aramaean Rulers

(p.301) Appendix II Neo-Hittite and Aramaean Rulers

A Summary List

Source:
The World of The Neo-Hittite Kingdoms
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

(p.301) Appendix II

Neo-Hittite and Aramaean Rulers

A Summary List

Conventions

  • PN personal name

  • (PN) not explicitly attested as a king

  • ‘PN’ appointed as nominal ruler

The letters prefixed in superscript to the inscription references indicate the language in which the inscriptions are written:

  • AR Aramaean

  • ASS Assyrian

  • BAB Babylonian

  • LUW Luwian

  • PH Phoenician

  • UR Urartian

  • OT is prefixed to Old Testament references.

    succeeded by

    (↓)

    non-royal succession; i.e. either the first or the second of the persons thus linked is not attested as a ruler of the kingdom.

    --

    a gap in the succession, occupied by one or more unknown rulers.

    --?

    a possible gap in the succession

    ↔?

    possible simultaneous rule

    =?

    possibly to be identified with

    -- before date

    unknown starting-point of reign

    -- after date

    unknown end-point of reign

    C + no.

    a particular century BC. Thus C5 = 5th century BC.

The references appended to each entry indicate translated passages and the relevant page numbers in the publications cited.

(p.302) I: The Rulers of the Neo-Hittite Kingdoms in the Euphrates Region

Carchemish (mid C12–2nd half of C8)

Ku(n)zi-Teshub dynasty

Kuzi-Teshub (early–mid C12) (LUW Hawkins (1988: 100), CHLI I: 296–7, 300, 302)

—?

Ir-Teshub? (later C12) (LUW CHLI I: 289–90)

—?

Ini-Teshub? (late C12–early C11) (ASS RIMA 2: 37, 42)

—?

Tudhaliya? (probably C11 or C10) (LUW CHLI I: 82)

—?

x-pa-ziti (probably later C11 or C10) (LUW CHLI I: 80)

Ura-Tarhunza (son) (probably later C11 or C10) (LUW CHLI I: 80)

—?

Suhi dynasty

Suhi I (probably C10) (LUW CHLI I: 80 (§6), 85–6)

Astuwatamanza (son) (probably C10) (LUW CHLI I: 85–6, 103)

Suhi II (son) (probably C10) (LUW CHLI I: 85–6, 88–9, 92, 93)

Katuwa (son) (probably C10 or early C9) (LUW CHLI I: 95–6, 103–4, 109–10, 113–14, 115–16, 119–20, 122?)

—?

Sangara (— c.870–848 —) (ASS RIMA 2: 217, 3: 9–10, 16–17, 18, 23, 37, 38)

—?

Astiruwa dynasty

—?

Astiruwa (end C9–beginning C8) (LUW CHLI I: 130–1, 165–6, 172–3)

Yariri (regent) (early–mid C8) (LUW CHLI I: 124–5, 129, 130–1, 139)

Kamani (son of Astiruwa) (early–mid C8) (LUW CHLI I: 124–5, 129, 130–1, 141–2, 145–6, 152)

(Sastura, vizier of Kamani) (mid C8) (LUW CHLI I: 145, 160)

son of Sastura (2nd half of C8) (= Pisiri?) (LUW CHLI I: 160, ASS Tigl. III 68–9, 108–9)

(p.303) Malatya (mid C12–1st half of C7)

Ku(n)zi-Teshub dynasty

(Kuzi-Teshub) (early–mid C12) (LUW Hawkins (1988: 100), LUW CHLI I: 296–7, 300, 302)

(↓)

(PUGNUS-mili (I)) (son) (later C12) (LUW CHLI I: 296–7, 300, 302, 305)

(↓)

Runtiya (son) (later C12) (LUW CHLI I: 296–7, 300)

Arnuwanti I (brother) (later C12) (LUW CHLI I: 302, 305)

(↓)

(PUGNUS-mili (II)) (son) (late C12–early C11) (= Assyrian Allumari???) (LUW CHLI I: 305, ASS RIMA 2: 43)

(↓)

Arnuwanti II (son of PUGNUS-mili (II), grandson of Arnuwanti I) (late C12–early C11) (LUW CHLI I: 302, 305)

—?

PUGNUS-mili (III)? (probably C11 or early C10, if at all) (LUW CHLI I: 307, 309–14)

CRUS + RA/I-sa dynasty

CRUS + RA/I-sa (= Taras?) (probably C11–10) (LUW CHLI I: 315–16, 319)

Wasu(?)runtiya (son) (probably C11–10) (LUW CHLI I: 319)

Halpasulupi (son) (probably C11–10) (LUW CHLI I: 319, 321)

—?

Later rulers

—?

(Suwarimi) (probably C11 or C10) (LUW CHLI I: 321)

(↓)

Mariti (son) (probably C11 or C10) (LUW CHLI I: 321)

Lalli (— 853–835 —) (ASS RIMA 3: 23, 39, 67, 79)

opponent of Hamathite king Zakur (— early C8) (AR CS II: 155)

=?

Shahu (— early C8) (= Sahwi?) (LUW CHLI I: 322–3, UR HcI 116, no. 102, rev. I, HeI 130, no. 104, I)

Hilaruada (son) (— c.784–760 —) (= Sa(?)tiruntiya?) (LUW CHLI I: 322–3,UR HcI 88, no. 80 §3 II, HcI 116, no. 102, rev. II, VII, HcI 130–1, no. 104 I, VII, VIII)

—?

Sulumal (— 743–732 —) (ASS Tigl. III 69, 101, 109)

—?

(p.304) Gunzinanu (— c.719) (ASS ARAB II §§60, 79, 92, 99, Lie 34–5, Fuchs 324, 348)

Tarhunazi (c.719–712) (ASS ARAB II §§26, 60, Lie 34–5, Fuchs 324, 347).

Mugallu (— 675 —) (BAB ABC 126)

Kummuh (— c.870–708)

—?

Hattusili I (Assyrian Qatazilu ) (— c.866–c.857) (ASS RIMA 2: 219; 3: 15, 18–19)

↓?

Kundashpu (c.856 —) (RIMA 3: 23)

Suppiluliuma (Assyrian Ushpilulume) (— 805–773 —) (LUW CHLI I: 336–7, 349, 350, 356–7, ASS RIMA 3: 205, 240)

Hattusili II (— mid C8) (son) (LUW CHLI I: 341–2, 349, 350, 356–7)

—?

Kushtashpi (— c.750 —) (UR HcI 123–4, no. 103 §9, ASS Tigl. III 68–9, 168)

—?

Muwatalli (Assyrian Mutallu) (— 708) (ASS ARAB II §§45, 64, Lie 36–7, 70–1, Fuchs 324, 337–8, 349).

Masuwari/Til Barsip (— C10–856)

The two dynasties

—?

Hapatila (Dyn. A) (late C10–early C9) (LUW CHLI I: 240–1)

Ariyahina (Dyn. A) (grandson) (late C10–early C9) (LUW CHLI I: 240)

father of Hamiyata (Dyn. B) (usurper) (late C10–early C9) (LUW CHLI I: 228, 230–1, 232, 240, Bunnens (2006: 12–18))

Hamiyata (Dyn. B) (son) (late C10–early C9) (LUW CHLI I: 228, 230–1, 232, 236, 240–1, Bunnens (2006: 12–18))

son of Hamiyata (Dyn. B) (early–mid C9) (LUW CHLI I: 240)

son of Ariyahina (Dyn. A) (— mid C9) (LUW CHLI I: 240–1)

Bit-Adini regime

—?

Ahuni (— 856) (ASS RIMA 3: 10–11, 19, 21–2)

(p.305) II: The Rulers of the Neo-Hittite Kingdoms in the Anti-Taurus and Western Syrian Regions

Gurgum (— late C11–711)

—?

Astuwaramanza (late C11) (LUW CHLI I: 253)

Muwatalli (I) (son) (— early C10) (LUW CHLI I: 253)

Larama (I) (son) (— c.950) (LUW CHLI I: 253, 262–3)

Muwizi (son) (later C10) (LUW CHLI I: 256–7, 262–3)

Halparuntiya (I) (son) (earlier C9) (LUW CHLI I: 262)

Muwatalli (II) (Assyrian Mutallu II) (son) (— 858 —) (LUW CHLI I: 256–7 (= CS II: 126–7), 262–3, ASS RIMA 3: 16)

Halparuntiya (II) (Assyrian Qalparunda II) (son) (— 853 —) (LUW CHLI I: 256–7 (= CS II: 126–7), 262, ASS RIMA 3: 23)

Larama (II) (Assyrian Palalam) (son) (later C9) (LUW CHLI I: 262, ASS RIMA 3: 205)

Halparuntiya (III) (Assyrian Qalparunda III) (son) (— 805–c.800 —) (LUW CHLI I: 262–3, ASS RIMA 3: 205, AR CS II: 155)

Tarhulara (— 743–c.711) (ASS Tigl. III 100–1, 102–3, 108–9, ASS ARAB II §§ 29, 61, Fuchs 325–6, 348).

Muwatalli (III) (Assyrian Mutallu III) (c.711) (ASS ARAB II §§ 29, 61, Fuchs 325–6, 348).

Pat(t)in (Assyrian Unqi) (— c.870–739)

(Taita) (C11? C10?) (LUW CHLI I: 416–17, Aleppo 6 (Hawkins, 2009: 169))

—?

‘Lubarna dynasty’

—?

Lubarna (I) (— c.870–858?) (ASS RIMA 2: 217–18, 3: 25)

↔?

Suppiluliuma (Assyrian Sapalulme) (—?858/857) (ASS RIMA 3: 9–10)

Halparuntiya (Assyrian Qalparunda) (858/857–853 —) (LUW CHLI I: 366, ASS RIMA 3: 11, 18, 38?)

(p.306) ↓?

Lubarna (II) (— 831) (ASS RIMA 3: 69)

Later kings

Surri (usurper) (831) (ASS RIMA 3: 69)

Sasi (Assyrian appointee) (831 —) (ASS RIMA 3: 69)

Tutammu (— 738) (ASS Tigl. III 56–9)

Hamath (C10–720)

‘Toi (Tou)’ (early C10) (OT2 Samuel 8:9)

Parita dynasty

—?

Parita (first half of C9) (LUW CHLI I: 405, 409, 410)

Urhilina (Assyrian Irhuleni) (son) (— 853–845 —) (LUW CHLI I: 405, 409, 410, 413, 421, ASS RIMA 3: 23, 37–9)

Uratami (= Assyrian Rudamu?) (son) (— c.830 —) (LUW CHLI I: 411–12, 413)

Aramaean rulers

—?

Zak(k)ur (— c.800 —) (AR CS II: 155)

(Azriyau?) (— 738 —) (ASS Tigl. III 62–3)

Eni’ilu (— 738 —) (ASS Tigl. III 68–9, 170–1)

—?

Yaubidi (Ilubidi) (— 720) (ASS CS II: 293, 295, 296)

III: The Rulers of the Neo-Hittite Kingdoms in Central and South-Eastern Anatolia

Northern Tabal and Bit-Burutash (— C9–713)

—?

Tuwati (I) (— 837) (ASS RIMA 3: 79)

Kikki (son) (837—) (ASS RIMA 3: 79)

Tuwati (II) (mid C8) (LUW CHLI I: 443, 449, 452–3, 473)

Wasusarma (Assyrian Wassurme) (son) (c.740–730) (LUW CHLI I: 452–3, 462, 465–6, 473, ASS Tigl. III 68–9, 108–9, 170–1)

(p.307) Hulli (Assyrian appointee) (730–726 —) (ASS Tigl. III 170–1, ARAB II: §25, Lie 32–3, Fuchs 323)

Ambaris (son) (c.721–713) (ASS ARAB II: §25, Lie 32–3, Fuchs 291, 323, 344)

Atuna (— last half of C8)

—?

Ushhitti (— c.740 —) (ASS Tigl. III 68–9, 108–9, 170–1)

(—?)

(Ashwis(i) = Ushhitti?) (3rd quarter of C8) (LUW CHLI I: I: 479)

(↓)

Kurti (son) (— 718 —) (LUW CHLI I: I: 479, ASS ARAB II: §§7, 55, 214, Lie 10–11, Fuchs 316, 344)

—?

Ishtu(a)nda (— 738–732 —)

—?

Tuhamme (— 738–732—) (ASS Tigl. III 68–9, 108–9)

?

Shinuhtu (—718)

—?

Kiyakiya (Assyrian Kiakki) (—718) (LUW CHLI I: 452–4, 476, ASS ARAB II: §§7, 55, Lie 10–11, Fuchs 290, 315–16, 344)

Tuwana (— C8 —)

—?

Warpalawa (I)? (early C8?) (LUW CHLI I: 515)

—?

Saruwani (first half of C8?) (LUW CHLI I: 515)

—?

Muwaharani (I) (— c.740) (LUW CHLI I: 520)

Warpalawa (II?) (Assyrian Urballa) (son) (c.740–705) (LUW CHLI I: 453, 517, 520, 522–3, 526, 527, ASS Tigl. III 68–9, 108–9, SAA I: no. 1)

Muwaharani (II) (son) (end C8 —) (LUW CHLI I: 527)

Hupis(h)na (— 837–c.740 —)

—?

Puhame (— 837 —) (ASS RIMA 3: 79)

U(i)rim(m)e (— c.740 —) (ASS Tigl. III 68–9, 108–9)

(p.308) Adanawa (Hiyawa, Assyrian Que) (— C9–early C7?)

—?

Kate (— 858–831) (ASS RIMA 3: 10, 16–17, 68–9, 80, 119)

Kirri (brother) (831 —) (ASS RIMA 3: 80, 119)

Awariku (Warika, Awarikku; Assyrian Urikki) (c.738–709) (LUW CHLI I: I: 48–58 (= CS II: 124–6), PH CHLI II: 50–7 (= CS II: 148–50), ASS Tigl. III 108–9, ASS SAA I: no. 1, LUW & PH Tekoğlu and Lemaire (2000))

—?

Azatiwata (?) (regent?) (c.705?—) (LUW CHLI I: 48–58 (= CS II: 124–6), PH CHLI II: 50–7 (= CS II: 148–50))

—?

son of Awariku? (late C8–early C7?) (LUW CHLI I: 50 §XVI, PH CHLI II: 51, ll. 10–11)

Hilakku (— C9–late C8)

—?

Pihirim (mid C9) (ASS RIMA 3: 10, 16–17)

(Ambaris) (King of Bit-Burutash) (c.718–713) (ASS ARAB II: §25, Lie 32–3, Fuchs 323, 344).

IV: The Rulers of the Aramaean Kingdoms

Bit-Agusi (Arpad) (early C9–mid C8)

Gusi (— c.870 —) (ASS RIMA 2: 218, 3: 25)

Hadram (Assyrian Adramu, Arame) (son) (c.860–830) (ASS RIMA 3: 17, 18, 25, 37, 38, 46, 47, 53, 66, 76)

Attar-shumki (I) (son?) (c.830–800 —) (ASS RIMA 3: 203–4 (Antakya stele), 205 (Pazarcık stele), AR CS II: 155 (Zakkur inscription1))

Bar-Hadad (?) (son) (c.800 —) (AR CS II: 152–3 = Melqart stele)

Attar-shumki (II) (son) (1st half of C8) (AR CS II: 213)

Mati’ilu (son) (— mid C8 —) (AR CS II: 213–17)

Sam’al (Y’dy) (c.900–713/11)

(The dates assigned to the members of this dynasty are those proposed by Lipiński (2000a: 247).)

Gabbar (c.900–880) (PH CS II: 147)

Banihu (son) (c.880–870) (PH CS II: 147)

(p.309) Hayya(nu) (son) (c.870–850) (ASS RIMA 3: 10, 16, PH CS II: 147)

Sha’il (son) (c.850–840) (PH CS II: 147)

Kilamuwa (brother) (c.840–810) (PH CS II: 147–8, 161)

Qarli (son?) (c.810–790) (AR CS II: 156, 158–9)

Panamuwa I (son) (c.790–750) (AR CS II: 156, 158–9)

Bar-Sur (son) (c.750–745) (AR CS II: 158–160)

usurper (c.745–740) (AR CS II: 158–9)

Panamuwa II (son of Bar-Sur) (c.740–733) (ASS Tigl. III: 68–9, 108–9, AR CS II: 158–60, 161, AR Pardee 2009)

Bar-Rakib (son) (c.733–713/11) (AR CS II: 160–1, LUW CHLI I: 576).

Damascus (— C10–732)

Bar-Hadad (I) (Hebrew Ben-Hadad) (— c.900 —) (OT1 Kings 15:16–22)

Hadadezer (= Assyrian Adad-idri) (— mid C9 —) (ASS RIMA 3: 23, 37–9, 118)

Hazael (mid C9–803?) (OT2 Kings 8:7–15, ASS RIMA 3: 48, 60, 67, 118, AR CS II: 161–2)

Bar-Hadad II (= OT Ben-Hadad) (son) (803?–775?) ( OT1 Kings 20, ASS RIMA 3: 213 (if = Mari’))

Hadyan (II) (Hezyon, Assyrian Hadiiani) (c.775?–mid C8) (ASS RIMA 3: 240)

Rasyan (OT Rezin, Rahianu) (mid C8–732) (OT2 Kings 16:5–9, ASS Tigl. III 78–81).

Notes:

(1.) As his ancestor Tudhaliya III had done, in establishing an alternative royal seat at Samuha, probably located on the upper course of the Halys (Hittite Marassantiya) river, after abandoning Hattusa under pressure from enemy invasions of the Hittite homeland some time during the first half of the 14th century; see Bryce (2005: 147–9).