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A Country Merchant, 1495-1520Trading and Farming at the End of the Middle Ages$
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Christopher Dyer

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780199214242

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199214242.001.0001

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Pasture, Sheep, Wool, and People

Pasture, Sheep, Wool, and People

Chapter:
(p.132) 5 Pasture, Sheep, Wool, and People
Source:
A Country Merchant, 1495-1520
Author(s):

Christopher Dyer

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199214242.003.0005

This chapter shows how sheep were kept and wool produced in a thinly populated countryside, with some flocks kept on specialized pastures, including the sites of abandoned villages, while others grazed on the fallows and stubbles of the corn-producing open fields of still surviving villages. Heritage himself kept sheep on both types of pasture. Pastures were organized in different ways, and the process of enclosure is discussed. The names in the account book allow the producers to be identified, and they reflect the whole social structure, from gentry to the shepherd who were allowed to keep a few sheep with their employers’ flock. Among the larger producers were the farmers and graziers who leased large pastures, or kept sheep on demesnes which practised mixed husbandry. A high proportion of the wool came from modestly-sized peasant flocks.

Keywords:   sheep, pastures, open fields, enclosure, gentry, shepherd, farmers, peasants

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